Wusteman Ticer09


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Digital Libraries à la Carte 2009
Tilburg University, the Netherlands, 28 July - 5 August 2009.
"Virtual Research Environments and the Librarian" presented by Judith Wusteman,
UCD School of Information and Library Studies, Ireland

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  • Wusteman Ticer09

    1. 1. Virtual Research Environments and the Librarian Judith Wusteman
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>E-research </li></ul><ul><li>What are VREs? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>with (mainly UK-based) examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential roles for librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul>
    3. 3. Computer intensive Data intensive Collaborative Multi disciplinary E-Research
    4. 4. Virtual Research Environment (VRE) <ul><li>“ A set of online tools and other network resources and technologies interoperating with each other to support or enhance the processes of a wide range of research practitioners within and across disciplinary and institutional boundaries.” </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Fraser, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>“ A VRE helps researchers from all disciplines to work collaboratively by managing the increasingly complex range of tasks involved in carrying out research.” </li></ul><ul><li>JISC VRE 3, 2009 </li></ul>
    5. 5. VRE Collaboratory Cyberenvironment Science gateway Online / collaborative / virtual / research community Second generation digital library
    6. 6. See Voss, A. & Procter, R “Virtual Research Environments in Scholarly Work and Communications” LHT, (2009) authorise provenance awareness monitor resource / process discover resources publish output archive data re-use data invoke computation configure a resource transfer data collaborate communicate authenticate Researcher
    7. 7. Computer intensive Data intensive Collaborative Multi disciplinary VRE
    8. 9. Research 2.0 <ul><li>“ the extension of Web 2.0 tools to support academic and other research” </li></ul><ul><li>Yuwei Lin “Research 2.0”, Qualitative Researcher Issue 8 June 2008 </li></ul>
    9. 10. Computer intensive Data intensive Collaborative Multi disciplinary VRE
    10. 11. D4Science DIstributed colLaboratories Infrastructure on Grid ENabled Technology 4 Science
    11. 12. Computer intensive Data intensive Collaborative Multi disciplinary VRE
    12. 13. <ul><li>“ The role of the library in data-intensive research is important and a strategic repositioning of the library with respect to research support is now appropriate.” </li></ul><ul><li>Skills, Role & Career Structure of Data Scientists & Curators: Assessment of Current Practice & Future Needs Alma Swan and Sheridan Brown , Report to the JISC, July 2008 </li></ul>
    13. 14. The data imperative: libraries and research data June 2009 <ul><li>Joint RLUK/SCONUL e-research Group </li></ul><ul><li>“ This was an excellent opportunity to confirm the extraordinary interest of librarians in this area as well as the difficulty to clarify their role and where the necessary funding comes from to allow addressing the challenge.” </li></ul><ul><li>http://eidcsr.blogspot.com </li></ul>
    14. 16. <ul><li>IBBRE - Internet Based Behavioural Research Environment </li></ul><ul><li>VRIC - Virtual Research Integration Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>MyExperiment Repository Enhancement </li></ul>Repurposed
    15. 17. The VRE: Generic or specific? Research group Domain Institution
    16. 18. <ul><li>Virtual Environments for Research in Archaeology </li></ul><ul><li>JISC VRE II funded project </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to produce a fully-fledged virtual research environment for the archaeological community </li></ul><ul><li>http://vera.rdg.ac.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>VERA </li></ul><ul><li>is a Collaborative Project </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Science </li></ul><ul><li>School of Systems Engineering, University of Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Archaeology, University of Reading </li></ul><ul><li>The York Archaeological Trust </li></ul><ul><li>User Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>School of Library, Archive and Information Studies, </li></ul><ul><li>University College London </li></ul>© Claire Warwick
    17. 19. A VRE for the Study of Documents and Manuscripts BVREH Building a Virtual Research Environment for the Humanities
    18. 20. Drenthe, G & Goris, G.
    19. 21. Tales of the Revolt : Sharing, Enhancing, and Disseminating Sources
    20. 22. TEXTvre: VRE for textual studies
    21. 23. The VRE: Generic or specific? Research group Domain Institution
    22. 26. http://www.ucd.ie/ojax/
    23. 27. Diane H. Sonnenwald Formerly Director of the Center for Collaborative Innovation in Göteborg From Sept 09: Head of UCD School of Information and Library Studies <ul><li>eSocial Science repository/collaboratory to support ILS </li></ul><ul><li>research, education & practice </li></ul><ul><li>- Data collection instruments </li></ul><ul><li>- Digital learning objects </li></ul><ul><li>Metrics to evaluate collaborative knowledge work </li></ul><ul><li>in industry </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative information behavior theory & </li></ul><ul><li>research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Design & evaluation of 3d telepresence technology to </li></ul><ul><li>support collaboration in eMedicine & eScience </li></ul>
    24. 28. OneVRE to Join them all
    25. 29. Research Information Centre (RIC) British Library & Microsoft S lides with thanks to Stephen Andrews
    26. 30. Project home page
    27. 31. Searching the literature – federated sources
    28. 32. Searching the literature – results page
    29. 33. Project repositories - bookmarks
    30. 34. Project repositories – the Slide Library
    31. 35. Searching the project repositories
    32. 36. Funding
    33. 37. Funding – creating a proposal
    34. 38. Librarians and VREs <ul><li>Related activities </li></ul><ul><li>Potential roles </li></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul>
    35. 39. Related activities <ul><li>Online university environments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Departmental websites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data curation </li></ul></ul>
    36. 40. VREs: Potential role for librarians <ul><li>VRE development </li></ul><ul><li>VRE training </li></ul><ul><li>VRE use </li></ul>
    37. 41. VRE Development Agile software development OSS development? Web 2.0 User Centred Design Iterative Openness User Control User Centred VRE
    38. 42. Manifesto for Agile Software Development <ul><li>Manifesto for Agile Software Development </li></ul>We are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it. Through this work we have come to value: Individuals and interactions over processes and tools Working software over comprehensive documentation Customer collaboration over contract negotiation Responding to change over following a plan That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more.
    39. 43. Agile software development <ul><li>Iterations of 2-4 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Only as much documentation as necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Early coding </li></ul><ul><li>Working version - stable, testable software </li></ul><ul><li>Close collaboration and rapid feedback between developers, users and customers </li></ul>
    40. 44. Usability Testing / User Testing <ul><li>Representative users performing representative tasks in the presence of a tester </li></ul><ul><li>From Usability Labs… </li></ul><ul><li>… .to usability testing </li></ul><ul><li>on 10 cents a day </li></ul>
    41. 45. Current library involvement in VRE development No library involvement included in our initial survey not to the extent that we would have liked....partly due to lack of response to our requests to meet Why were libraries not involved? Difficult to give a clear reason. the aims of the project did not merit contact with librarians we consulted... anyone who was actively involved in the research lifecycle such a specialised application, ...they'd much rather talk to someone who is in the same profession. on advisory committee we fed back any comments
    42. 46. Current library involvement in VRE development working directly with library services as part of the research process was foreign to the [science] research teams involved. primary resources were not within library domain … too concerned with tightly controlling what would be produced – made it difficult to respond to what researchers actually want. Deliberate lack of involvement challenging views on items in collection… ” Are librarians ready for this?!” library represented on steering group but no work package assigned to them
    43. 47. VREs: Potential role for librarians <ul><li>VRE development </li></ul><ul><li>VRE training </li></ul><ul><li>VRE use </li></ul>
    44. 49. Lessons learned from JISC VRE phases 1 and 2 Frederique Van Till, JISC Podcast 2009 <ul><li>Importance of a multidisciplinary team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT managers and providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ very important to work with librarians” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Importance of understanding researcher’s needs from the start. </li></ul>
    45. 50. The librarian’s view <ul><li>“ There are… some roles that librarians are more reluctant to own, except at an ancillary level, these being the primarily technical tasks of supporting information technology systems (including networks and authentication), providing the technical skills to create and manage Virtual Research Environments , and managing the vast datasets generated by e-science and grid-based projects.” </li></ul><ul><li>Swan and Brown 2007 </li></ul>
    46. 51. Implications <ul><li>For librarian role/career structure </li></ul><ul><li>For professional curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staffing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For discussion… </li></ul></ul>
    47. 52. Implications for librarian role/career structure <ul><li>“ Librarians have a more active role to play in the research process … the move out of a purely service position (no matter how proactive in going out into schools and faculties) and move into something closer to a research partner .” </li></ul>
    48. 53. Implications for professional curricula Systems development Agile development Data curation User Centred Design <ul><ul><li>Usability testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usability </li></ul></ul>Web 2.0 development OSS development Research methodologies Intellectual Property Rights HCI Web technology Web management Inter-institutional cooperation
    49. 54. Implications <ul><li>For librarian role/career structure </li></ul><ul><li>For professional curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staffing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For discussion… </li></ul></ul>
    50. 55. For discussion <ul><li>What is the role of the librarian in relation to VREs? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Change management and staff development strategies to get librarians to recognise and develop their potential role in VREs” </li></ul>