Kumpulan report text un challenge


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Kumpulan report text un challenge

  1. 1. REPORT TEXT UN CHALLENGEThe following text is for questions 1 to 4 Guava is a plant in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae) genus Psidium. It is native to Mexico and Central America, northern South America, parts of the Carribean and some parts of North Africa and also some parts of India. The Guava tree is not big. It is about 33 feet with green or reddish brown color. The plant’s branches are close to the ground. Its young twigs are soft. It had dark elliptic leaves. It is about 2 – 6 inches long and 1 – 2 inches wide. The flowers are white, with five petals and numerous stamens. Guava, cultivated in many tropical and subtropical countries, is an edible fruit. Guava fruit, usually 2 – 4 inches long, is round or oval depending on the species. Varying among species, the skin can be any thickness, it is usually green when unripe, but becomes yellow or maroon when ripe. The flesh may be white or pink, yellow or red, with the seeds in the central part of the flesh. The seed are numerous but small. In some good varieties, they are edible. Actual seed counts have ranged from 112 to 535. Guava fruit is rich with vitamin A and C, omega 3 and omega 6, fatty acid and high levels of dietary fibre. 1. What is the text about? A. The nutritious value of guava fruit. B. The certain variety of guava C. The guava plant in general D. The species edible fruit 2. Which are the best words used to describe guava seed? A. Thick and round B. Sweet and juicy C. Numerous and small D. Sour and rough 3. “Guava fruits, usually 2 – 4 inches long, are round or oval depending on the species.” From the sentence above, we can conclude that . . . A. Guava fruits vary in shape B. All guava fruits in general have the same shape C. Guava fruit is not big in certain species only D. Certain species of guava are unusual in shape 4. The main idea of the paragraph two is . . . . A. Guava is an edible fruit B. Guava’s skin is thick C. Guava consist of shrubs and small trees D. Guava is planted in all countriesThe following text is for questions number 5 to 8 Smog is a mixture of fog and other ingredients and is considered a form of air pollution. There are two types of smog. One includes high concentrations of smoke from burning substances. The other type is caused by a chemical reaction that occurs when certain substances in the air come in contact with sunlight. Both types of smog generally develop during a condition known as a temperature inversion. This occurs when a layer of cool air near the ground is trapped by a layer of warm air above it, and winds are too light to move the layers of air. This condition prevents air from mixing vertically and keeps the smog concentrated near the ground. Anything that pollutes the air can contribute to smog. This includes gasses and other substances produced by burning, coal, wood, gasoline and other fuels; gasses produced during manufacturing processes; gasses and ash emitted by volcanoes; and even natural gasses and substances that occur in nature. 5. What does the text tell us about? A. Fog B. Smog C. Pollution
  2. 2. D. Gas 6. What is the name of the condition in which both types of smog develop? A. A high concentration B. A chemical reaction C. A temperature inversion D. A natural condition 7. “This occurs when a layer of cool air near the ground . . . .” (paragraph 2) What does the underlined word mean? A. Appears B. Happens C. Continues D. Keeps 8. From the last paragraph, we can conclude that . . . . A. Smog happens naturally without human’s interference B. Men also contribute in producing smog C. Smog is not dangerous for human being D. Smog is useful to help the balance of the ecosystemThe following text is for questions number 9 to 12 Eagle Eagles are large birds of prey which are members of the bird family Accipitridae, and belong to several general which are not necessarily closely related to each other. Most of the more than 60 species occur in Eurasia and Africa. Outside this area, just two species (the Bald and Golden Eagles) can be found in the USA and Canada =, nine more in Central and South America and three in Australia. Eagles are different from many other birds of prey mainly by their larger size, more powerful build and heavier head and beak. Even the smallest eagles, like Booted Eagles (which is comparable in size to a common buzzard or Red-tailed Hawk), have relatively longer and more evenly broad wings, and more direct, faster flight. Like all birds of prey, eagles have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong muscular legs and powerful talons. They also have extremely keen eyesight which enables them to spot potential prey from a very long distance. This keen eyesight is primarily contributed by their extremely large pupils which ensure minimal diffraction (scattering) of the incoming light. Eagles build their nests, called eyries, in tall trees or on high cliffs. Many species lay two eggs, but the older, larger chick frequently kills its younger sibling once it has hatched. The dominant chick tends to be female, as they are bigger than the male. The parents take no action to stop killing. 9. How many species of eagle can be found in USA and Canada? A. 60 B. 9 C. 3 D. 2 10. The following statements are TRUE about eagles except . . . . A. They are birds of prey B. They have powerful talons C. They have strong muscular legs D. They build their nests at the seashores 11. Which is NOT TRUE about the beaks of eagles? A. They are straight B. They are powerful C. They are very large D. They are used for tearing flesh of their prey. 12. “They also have extremely keen eyesight . . . .” (paragraph 3) The word “keen” is similar meaning to . . . . A. Big B. Flat C. Plain
  3. 3. D. SharpThe following text is for questions number 13 to 16 Cacti are American plants that are covered in sharp spines and have thick, bulbous green stems and no leaves. Most cacti grow in hot, dry regions but a few grow in rainforests and in cold places such as mountain tops. Cacti in deserts have a thick, waxy skin so as to cut water loss to the bare minimum. The fat stems of cacti hold a lot of water so they can survive in hot, dry deserts. Because of their moist stems, cacti are called succulents. Cacti have spines to protect themselves from animals which will eat any kind of moist vegetation. Most cacti have very long roots to collect water from a large area. The roots grow near the surface to collect as much rainwater as possible. The biggest cactus is the saguaro, which can grow up to 20 meters tall and 1 meter thick. 13. What is the text about? A. How cacti live in deserts B. A certain kind of cacti C. Plants in dry regions D. Cacti in general 14. The words below describe the cacti stems, except . . . . A. They are thin B. They are bulbous C. They have no leaves D. They hold a lot of water 15. From the text we know that . . . . A. Cacti grow in dry regions only B. The biggest cactus can grow up to 2 m thick C. Most cacti have very long roots D. Cacti have spines to cut water loss to the bare minimum 16. What is the main idea of paragraph two? A. The function of the cacti spines B. The stems of cacti C. The roots of cacti D. Where cacti growThe following text is for questions number 17 to 20 Aloe vera is alsi known as the “crocodile’s tongue” plant in Indonesia. It is called so because the leave is thick, long and sharp, and the sides are serrated like the body of a crocodile. Aloe vera is planted in dry areas and in warm climates. It takes a little water to grow. Aloe vera is short-stemmed succulent plant growing to 60 – 100 cm tall. Spreading by offsets, the stem are thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with some varieties showing white flecks on the upper and lower stem surfaces. Aloe vera is multifunctional plant. It can be used to cure a wound caused by burning. Using Aloe vera to heal the wound is easy and simple. Pick the leaves, peel the rind, then squeeze the sticky liquid and spread it over the wound. Aloe vera also can be made into healthy drink to prevent rheumatism and diabetes because it contains vitamins and minerals. Generally, the drink helps to repair the damaged cells and makes the organs of the human body work well. Aloe vera can also make our hair thick. Apply it over the scalp and massage it gently so it could thoroughly. Ten minutes later, rinse the hair. 17. What does the text mostly tell us about? A. A crocodile tongue B. A special plant C. Aloe vera D. A crocodile plant
  4. 4. 18. Where does aloe vera grow? A. In dry areas and warm climates B. In wet areas and cold climates C. In a mountain and dry season D. In wet and damp places 19. “it can be used to cure a wound caused by burning.” From the underlined word, we can conclude that . . . . A. Aloe vera is a medical herb B. The plant has a magical power C. Aloe vera is very fleshy plant D. Aloe vera can be squeezed 20. What does paragraph three tell us about? A. The physical appearances of Aloe vera B. The advantages of aloe vera C. The produce to plant aloe vera D. The reasons why aloe vera is called the “crocodile tongue”The following text is for questions number 21 to 24 Reptiles are scaly-skinned animals which live in many different habitats mainly in warm regions. They include crocodiles, lizards, snakes and tortoises. Reptiles are cold blooded, but this does not mean their blood is cold. A reptile’s body cannot keep its blood warm, and it has to control its temperature by moving between hot and cool places. Reptiles bask in the sun gain energy to hunt, and are often less active at cooler times of year. A reptile’s skin looks slimy, but it is quite dry. It keeps in moisture so well that reptiles can survive in deserts. The skin often turns darker to absorb the sun’s heat. Although reptiles grow for most of their lives, their skin does not, so they must slough (shed) it every now and then. 21. What is the purpose of the text? A. To describe how reptiles live B. To describe reptiles in general C. To describe cold blooded animals D. To describe the habitat of reptiles 22. How does a reptile control its temperature? A. By sloughing its skin it every now and then B. By moving between hot and cool places C. By eating various insects D. By basking in the sun 23. Which one is NOT TRUE about a reptile’s skin? A. It is quite dry B. It keeps in moisture well C. It often turns darker D. It grows most of the time 24. “ . . .so well that reptiles can survive in deserts.” (paragraph 4) The word “survive” means . . . . A. Stay B. Suffer C. Endure D. Give up
  5. 5. The following text is for questions number 25 to 27 Coconut is a fruit of the coconut palm tree. Its trunk is one of to two feet in diameter. It has no branches but carries a crown of leaves about 70 to 100 feet above the ground, its leaf is like a feather and with many segments. The coconut fruits hang at the basses of the leaves in clusters of about 10 to 15. Several clusters ripen during the year. A tree may produce 200 coconuts a year, but the average is just around 40. Coconut tree grows wild on tropical seacoasts, and cultivated in moist, frost-free climates, it is abundant in Southeast Asian countries. The coconut has a smooth greenish covering. Within the outer shell is a fibrous husk one to two inches. The inner shell is brown and hard. When the coconut is still young, it contains a large of fluid or juice. During this stage the coconut meat is ideal to be eaten alone or can be used for salad or can be added with milk for a nutritional drink. When the coconut matures, most fluid is absorbed and its flesh thickens and hardens. 25. What is mainly discussed in the text above? A. The general description of coconuts B. The information about cultivating coconut trees C. The description the outer and inner shells of a coconut D. The information about the spread of coconut tree 26. What does the coconut contain when it is still young? A. Much fluid or juice B. The shell C. The milk D. The thick flesh 27. “ . . . it is abundant in Southeast Asian countries.” (paragraph 1) The underlined word is similar meaning to? A. Rare B. Common C. Obvious D. PlentifulThe following text is foe questions number 28 to 31 The peach is known as a species of Prunus. It is a kind of edible juicy fruit. It is native to China. The peach tree grows to 4 – 10 m tall. It is a deciduous tree so it will fall its leaves in certain seasons. It belongs to the subfamily Prunoideae of the family Rosaceae. The leaves are 7 – 16 cm long and 2 – 3 sm broad. The flowers are produced in early spring before the leaves. They are solitary or paired with about 2.5 – 3 cm in diameter. The color of the flower is pink. Peach fruit is very nice. Its aroma smells good. The color of flesh is yellow or white. The skin of the peach is smooth or velvety. The flesh is soft and juicy. It is delicious. It is a little bit harder when it is unripe. Inside the flesh, there is a large single seed. The seed is oval in shape. Its color is red-brown. Its length is about 1.3 – 2 cm. A wood-like husk surrounds this seed. Most people know peaches as “persicas”. It is related to believe that peaches were native to Persia (now Iran). The modern botanical consensus is that they originate in China, and were introduced to Persia and the Mediterranean region along the Silk Road before Christian times. 28. Which part of the peach fruit contains water? A. The flesh B. The husk C. The seed D. The skin 29. What is the purpose of third paragraph? A. To describe a peach tree B. To describe peach fruit C. To describe the taste of peach fruit D. To describe the smell of a peach tree
  6. 6. 30. From the text we know that . . . . A. Peaches come from Persia B. Peaches do not originate in Persia C. China imported peaches from Persia D. The modern botanical consensus decided the name of the fruit 31. “It is a little bit harder when it is unripe” (paragraph 3) The underlined word refers to the . . . of the peaches. A. Flesh B. Seed C. Skin D. TreeThe following text is for questions number 32 to 35 Water is a chemical. Chemists say water is compound, a combination of different materials. It is combination of one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydrogen. An atom is tiny bit of matter. The three atoms make the tiniest possible drop of water, called a molecule. Water can be a liquid, a solid or a gas. Liquid water flows. Solid water is ice. Water in the form of a gas is called water vapor. Nature recycles water all the time. Water in oceans, lakes and rivers evaporates, or turns into a gas and rises into the air. The water vapor eventually turns back into a liquid and falls as rain. The water cycle keeps the total amount of water on earth the same. But most of this water is salt water in the ocean. People need fresh water for drinking and for growing food on farms. Ocean water is too salty to drink. It is too salty for watering plants. 32. What is water? A. It is a tiny bit of matter B. It is a combination of solid, liquid and gas materials C. It is combination of three different atoms D. It is combination of oxygen and hydrogen atoms 33. What is the third paragraph about? A. The function of water cycle B. The explanation of water contents C. The description of how rain happens D. Kinds of water, i.e. a liquid, a solid or a gas 34. From the text we know that . . . . A. People can help the water recycling process B. Water is made of two atoms, one atom of oxygen and one atom of hydrogen C. Rain is water vapor which turns back into a liquid and falls into the earth D. Sometimes people need ocean water for growing food on farms 35. “It is too salty to use for watering plants” (last paragraph) The word “it” refers to . . . A. Fresh water B. Ocean water C. Solid water D. Water cycleThe following text is for questions number 36 to 39 The earth receives heat from the sun and reflects some of this heat into space. Carbon dioxide and other gases in the air act as a blanket to hold onto some of this reflected heat. As a result, the earth is warm. This is called greenhouse effect. The cutting down of forests and the burning of fuels cause the air to contain more of the gases that cause the greenhouse effect. When this happens, the greenhouse effect increases. There is a rise in temperature all over the world, which is called global warming. With increased global warming, the ice in the North Pole and South Pole will melt. This will cause the sea-levels to rise. Plants and animals that are unable to adapt to the higher temperature will become extinct.
  7. 7. 36. What is the text about? A. The earth and the sun B. Carbon dioxide C. The sea level D. Global warming 37. The earth reflects too much of the sun heat because . . . . A. The ice at North and South Pole melt B. The temperature of the world rise C. Carbon dioxide and other gases cover the earth D. Sea level rise high 38. “Plants and animals that are unable to adapt to the higher temperature will become extinct” A. Large in size B. Will be strong C. Able to produce D. No longer existing 39. From the text above, we can conclude that global warming is . . . . for living things. A. Safe B. Dangerous C. Crucial D. ImportantThe following text is for questions number 40 to 42 DINOSAURS Dinosaurs were a type of lizards. They lived from about 230 million to about 65 million years ago. In 1842, Sir Richard Owen created the word dinosaur. It comes from Greek words deinos, meaning “terrible” and souros, meaning “lizard”. Dinosaurs lived on earth for about 140 million years. During the dinosaurian era, the days were short. The sun was not as hot as it is today. On earth there was only one big continent and one big ocean. The name of the continent was pangea (all lands) and the name of the ocean was panthallassa (all seas) There were many kinds of dinosaurs. Some of them were very big and some others were very big and some others were small. Some of dinosaurs ate leaves and some others are meat. Some dinosaurs could fly. What happened to dinosaurs? Dinosaurs became extinct because there was a large comet hitting the earth. The comet caused fire and it killed the trees. Dinosaurs could not eat because there were no trees on earth and finally they died and became extinct. 40. What were the days like during the dinosaurian era? A. Long B. Cold C. Warm D. Short 41. What is the main idea of paragraph 3? A. There were many kinds of dinosaurs B. Some dinosaurs could fly in the sky C. Many dinosaurs were small in form D. Dinosaurs ate leaves and meat 42. The writer wrote the text . . . . A. To describe what the dinosaurs look like B. To show the steps how to measure dinosaurs C. To inform people about dinosaurs and their lives D. To amuse people by showing the dinosaurs’ power
  8. 8. The following text is for questions number 43 to 45 The Jaguar (Panthera Onea) Although the jaguar is an animal that is not found in Asia, it is famous in Asia because of the car named after the animal. The report provides information on the characteristics, habitat and life the jaguar. The jaguar belongs to the cat family. It is one of the four big (roaring) cats, the lion, the tiger and the leopard. Because it has spots, a jaguar is often mistaken for the leopard. However, a jaguar has larger rosettes markings, a stronger sometimes look like the print of an animal paw. The jaguar is brownish-yellow in color and has spots on the head, neck and legs, and rosettes on other parts of its body. It can weigh up to 100 kilograms and has powerful jaw that it can easily crush its prey. 43. Which paragraph tells about the different between a jaguar and leopard? A. Paragraph 1 B. Paragraph 2 C. Paragraph 1 and 2 D. Paragraph 2 and 3 44. How do people differentiate between a jaguar and leopard? A. A jaguar has larger marking on its body B. A leopard has a stronger body C. A jaguar only lives a stronger in Asia D. From the shape of their bodies 45. “because it has spots , a jaguar is often mistaken for the leopard” The underlined word has the same meaning with . . . A. Lines B. Scratches C. Dots D. RosettesThe following text is for questions number 46 to 50 Bees are insects. There are about 20.000 species or kinds of bees. They live everywhere in the world except on high mountains, in the arctic and Antarctic, and on some small island in the ocean. Some bees are as small as 0.08 inch (2 millimeters). However, some bees are as big as 1.6 inches (4 centimeters). Bees come in many colors; black, gray, yellow, red, green or blue. Most bees live alone. They are called solitary bees. Meanwhile, some bees live in groups called colonies. They are social bees. Bees have three pairs of legs and four wings. Like all insects, they have mouthparts and a tongue for collecting nectar. They carry the nectar in an organ called a honey stomach. Moreover, bees have special wings that let them fly like a helicopter. They can fly backward, forward, sideways, or stay in one place in the air. In addition, bees have three regular eyes and two compound eyes have many lenses. Furthermore, bees can see colors and patterns. This helps them find flowers. 46. What is the text about? A. Bees in brief B. Bees in habitat C. Kinds of bees D. The size of bees 47. The bees that live as a group are called . . . A. Pattern B. Colony C. Solitary D. Compound
  9. 9. 48. How many legs do bees have? A. Three B. Four C. Six D. Eight49. What do the bees carry the nectar with? A. Legs B. Mouthparts C. Honey stomach D. Legs and wings50. This helps them to find flowers. (last paragraph) The underlined word means . . . A. Bees’ wings and eyes B. Bees’ ability to fly like a helicopter C. Bees’ three pairs of legs and four wings D. Bees’ capability of seeing colors and patterns  BREAK YOUR LEG GUYS 