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Closing Digital Divide Gap


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Closing Digital Divide Gap

  1. 1. World Telecommunication/ICT Development Report 2010 MONITORING THE WSIS TARGETS A mid-term reviewThe following quotes are from the Foreword of the above report:“As this report shows, tremendous progresshas been made over the past decade, withclose to five billion mobile cellularsubscriptions worldwide at the end of 2010,and almost two billion people throughout theworld now having access to the Internet.” 11/8/2011 1
  2. 2. “But there is still a vast amount of work tobe done. In particular, we need to bringaffordable fast broadband access withinreach of the great majority of the world’speople — noting today that three quartersof the world’s inhabitants still have noaccess to the Internet at all. So what weneed is to see a rapid and equitable spreadof broadband networks matching theextraordinary growth of mobile cellularnetworks over the past decade.”11/8/2011 2
  3. 3. “The key – as this report acknowledges – will be in recognizing that broadband networks deliver benefits right across society, and can quickly pay for themselves in terms of the savings gained through the more efficient provision of essential services such as healthcare, education, power, water, transportation and e-government.” End of Quotes11/8/2011 3
  4. 4. Broadband is the great infrastructure challenge of the early 21st century. Like electricity a century ago, broadband is a foundation for economic growth, job creation, global competitiveness and a better way of life. It is enabling entire new industries and unlocking vast new possibilities for existing ones. It is changing how we educate children, deliver health care, manage energy, ensure public safety, engage government, and access, organize and disseminate knowledge. ***From the “Executive Summary of“Connecting America : The National Broadband Plan,” Mar 2010
  5. 5. Closing the Digital Divide:Inclusion of Rural/Remote Communities William T Torres, PhD National Academy of Science and Technology
  6. 6. Talking Points• What is the Digital Divide? o Broadband Connectivity o Global perspective o Philippine perspective• Closing the Digital Divide o Include Remote Communities!• Strategic Action Plan
  7. 7. Asia’s broadband – markets ranked by household penetration – 2009 Market ranking | Penetration range | (as proportion of all households) | Market (household penetration) |---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- High | >50% |South Korea (85%) | Singapore (82%) | Hong Kong (80%) | Macau (72%) |Taiwan (64%) | Japan (54%) | Medium | 2-40% |Malaysia (21%) | China (20%) | Brunei (18%) | Maldives (15%) |Kazakhstan (15%) | Vietnam (12%) | Philippines (10%) | Thailand (8%) |Georgia (4%) | Low | 0-2% |Azerbaijan (2%) | India (2%) | Indonesia (1%) | + 18 other countries in Asia|----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Source: BuddeComm estimates
  8. 8. Asia-Pacific Broadband• Penetration• Speed Philippine broadband compared with• Price Asia-Pacific countries?
  9. 9. Philippine broadband: typically 256 kbps, no or small CIR for uplink.
  10. 10. Philippine broadband connections per 100 persons: 1.2 in 2007, 3.4 in 2008 (EIU IT Competitive Index 2008)
  11. 11. Can we close the Broadband Connectivity Gap?• Developing and under-developed countries will not be able to catch up with the developed countries if we make comparisons: o based on “individual ratio” o based on “household ratio”• But if we use a different measurement, I believe we can! o Use “barangay ratio” (This means number of barangays with broadband connectivity per 100 barangays.)
  12. 12. Closing the Digital Divide• Include the Rural Communities! o Prioritize remote areas that cannot be reached by telcos in the foreseeable future• Adopt a “Shared Broadband Connectivity” scheme o Develop special “pro-poor Value-Added Services”• Offer mobile cellular phone services and Internet access together• Adopt a “Social Entrepreneurship” scheme
  13. 13. Intel’s Rural Connectivity Platform
  14. 14. GSM antenna connecting mobile phones Link antenna connect to TAP Barangay Access Point Antennas8 November 2011 20
  15. 15. What are to be set up?• Barangay Access Point (BAP)• Telco Access Point (TAP) ICT infrastructure• Broadband connectivity between TAP and BAPs• Mobile Telephony• Voice over IP Services• Internet and Web Services• Barangay-resident entrepreneur Owner-Operator8 November 2011 21
  16. 16. Business Model (1) •The Barangay Access Point (BAP) is owned and set up by a barangay-resident entrepreneur. •The Telco will set up a Telco Access Point (TAP) at its cell site/tower. (Telco owns the TAP which can connect to many BAPs.) •The TAP-BAP broadband IP connection is subscribed from the Telco and paid for by the barangay entrepreneur.8 November 2011 22
  17. 17. Business Model (2) •The barangay-resident entrepreneur operates the mobile phone and Internet cafe services as owner. Income is earned from many sources. •On-line Value-Added Services (VAS) will be provided by many third parties. •A private organization will help bring about this “social entrepreneurship” initiative.8 November 2011 23
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention today.THANK YOU, IN ADVANCE, FOR YOURATTENTION IN THE NEAR FUTURE!