“The Biblical Doctrine of Death, Immortality, and                                the Resurrection”                       P...
•   A mystery – little is known about what happens    after death.•   Sheol – a) distinct place of shadowy, joyless    exi...
•   Job – 1) hope only in the dark silence of the    underworld (17:13-16)    2) Expects God to vindicate the righteous   ...
   Ecclesiastes – 1) Bitterness of death (7:26),    futility of life (1:2; 12:8)    2) God‟s act incomprehensible – good ...
•   Babylonians – placed useful objects in the tomb•   Egyptians – 1) placed useful objects in the tomb     2) Exact conti...
   Early O.T. – 1) little mention of resurrection    2) Generally, continuation of one‟s life in    one‟s descendants (Ge...
   Inter-testamental Period – 1) Emphasis on the    resurrection of the dead (2 Esdras 7:32-37; 2    Macc. 7:9-11,23-29; ...
1.   Glorified earthy Zion (Isa. 65:20-22; Zech.     8:4)2.   Confidence in God to lead to future state     (Job 14:13-17;...
   Isaiah – Dead raise to reward or punishment    (25:8; 26:19)   Daniel – Individual responsibility & final    judgment...
•   Frequent association with sin•   Physical (Acts 12:23) or Spiritual death (1    Tim. 5:6; Eph. 2:1; Rev. 3:1)?•   Orig...
1.   Hebrew concept of returning to the „fathers‟     (Lk 16:22)2.   Entrance to eternal friendship w/ God (Jn     12:24)3...
8. Sending Comforter (Jn 14:26)9. Tribulations vs. Overcoming (Jn 16:33)10. Eternal life is knowing God and his Son (Jn 17...
1.   Sin closely related death (Rom. 5:21; 6:16)2.   “By man came death” (1 Cor. 15:21); “in     Christ shall all be made ...
1.   Jesus‟ death is the center of attention2.   He destroyed death‟s power and its fear     (Heb. 2:14-15)3.   Death‟s de...
7. Waiting a day when death is completely  swallowed (2 Cor. 5:4)8. Mortality will put on immortality (1 Cor. 15:53)9. No ...
1.   Influenced by inter-testamental writings (1     Cor. 15:51-52), BUT different.2.   Unified view of the nature of Jesu...
5. Resurrected body is the same person (Lk 24:29-32) – bears marks of identification (Jn 20:24-29)6. What is different? a)...
   Baptism – raised through the power of God    (Col. 2:12)   Lord‟s Supper – Church‟s celebration on the    first day o...
   In all 4 Gospels        Matthew 28:11-15        Mark 16:1-8        Luke 24:1-12        John 20:11-18
   Paul: “temporal” is replaced by “eternal” (2    Cor. 4:7 – 5:10)    “body of humiliation” (Phil. 3:21)   Not all ques...
Emphasis on the „Be‟ and „Do‟1. After hearing this presentation on the biblical  doctrines of death, immortality, and resu...
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Resurrection cocklin

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Resurrection cocklin

  1. 1. “The Biblical Doctrine of Death, Immortality, and the Resurrection” Presenter: Joel W. Cocklin Spring Trimester Summit January 3, 2012
  2. 2. • A mystery – little is known about what happens after death.• Sheol – a) distinct place of shadowy, joyless existence for both good and evil (Gen. 37:35; Job 30:23) b) a silent forgetfulness in the depths of earth (Ps. 88:12)• Death – a) not annihilation, but a transition to something of which they knew nothing (Judg. 2:10) b) Associated with sin (Gen. 3:19,22; Ezek. 18:20-21)• Hope – A national hope (Hosea 6:1-3)
  3. 3. • Job – 1) hope only in the dark silence of the underworld (17:13-16) 2) Expects God to vindicate the righteous (19:25-27) 3) Strikes rich and poor (21:23-26; 24:20, 22-24)• Jeremiah – 1) grim reaper (9:22) 2) Mourns for the nation (9:1) 3) Didn‟t like funerals, leave corpses for the wild beasts (16:4)
  4. 4.  Ecclesiastes – 1) Bitterness of death (7:26), futility of life (1:2; 12:8) 2) God‟s act incomprehensible – good and evil alike (3:18-21) 3) Epicurean attitude (8:15; 9:9; 2:14b,16; 4:2) 4) Egyptian concept (12:5-8)
  5. 5. • Babylonians – placed useful objects in the tomb• Egyptians – 1) placed useful objects in the tomb 2) Exact continuation of life after death – supply of food, drink, etc. 3) Soul would not recognize the body unless it escaped decomposition 4) Soul = bird 5) Death = entrance to the judgment chambers 6) Heart of person weighted to determine amount of righteousness 7) Pyramid Texts, Coffin Texts, Book of the Dead
  6. 6.  Early O.T. – 1) little mention of resurrection 2) Generally, continuation of one‟s life in one‟s descendants (Gen. 12:1-3) & issue of childlessness (Gen. 30:2224; Ruth 4:10) 3) No concept of individual resurrection Babylonian Exile – CHANGE: shift to significance of the individual (Jer. 7:26; 42; Ezek. 18)
  7. 7.  Inter-testamental Period – 1) Emphasis on the resurrection of the dead (2 Esdras 7:32-37; 2 Macc. 7:9-11,23-29; 12:43-45; 14:37-46) 2) Pharisees accepted teaching, Sadducees rejected 3) Influenced N.T. thought: Matt. 24; 1 Thess. 4:13-18; 1 Cor. 15:50-54; 2 Pet. 3:1-13; Jude; Rev.
  8. 8. 1. Glorified earthy Zion (Isa. 65:20-22; Zech. 8:4)2. Confidence in God to lead to future state (Job 14:13-17; 19:25-27; Ps. 16:9-10; 17:15; 73:23-28)3. National spiritual rebirth (Hos. 6:2; 13:14) & Vision of the Valley of Dry Bones (Ezek. 37)
  9. 9.  Isaiah – Dead raise to reward or punishment (25:8; 26:19) Daniel – Individual responsibility & final judgment: different future state for each (12:2-3)
  10. 10. • Frequent association with sin• Physical (Acts 12:23) or Spiritual death (1 Tim. 5:6; Eph. 2:1; Rev. 3:1)?• Origin of death a) In Adam all die (Rom. 5:12-17; 1 Cor. 15:22) b) Wages of sin is death (Rom. 6:23) c) Emphasis on the flesh (Rom. 8:6) d) Law kills (Rom. 7:7-12) e) Ministry of death (2 Cor. 3:6-7)
  11. 11. 1. Hebrew concept of returning to the „fathers‟ (Lk 16:22)2. Entrance to eternal friendship w/ God (Jn 12:24)3. Very little about the nature of life after death4. Resurrection of the righteous (Lk 14:14f) – Pharisees5. Dying thief – immediate companionship (Lk 23:43)6. Going to the Father (Jn 16:28)7. Preparing rooms (Jn 14:2f)
  12. 12. 8. Sending Comforter (Jn 14:26)9. Tribulations vs. Overcoming (Jn 16:33)10. Eternal life is knowing God and his Son (Jn 17:3)11. “I am the resurrection and the life.” (Jn 11:25)
  13. 13. 1. Sin closely related death (Rom. 5:21; 6:16)2. “By man came death” (1 Cor. 15:21); “in Christ shall all be made alive” (1 Cor. 15:22)3. Last enemy to overcome (1 Cor. 15:26)4. Swallowed up in victory (1 Cor. 15:54)5. Antidote for death – right conduct (1 Cor. 15:58)
  14. 14. 1. Jesus‟ death is the center of attention2. He destroyed death‟s power and its fear (Heb. 2:14-15)3. Death‟s destruction = immortality (2 Tim. 1:10)4. Reconciled to God (Rom. 5:10)5. Jesus has the keys to death and hell (Rev. 1:18)6. The dead are asleep (1 Thess. 4:14)
  15. 15. 7. Waiting a day when death is completely swallowed (2 Cor. 5:4)8. Mortality will put on immortality (1 Cor. 15:53)9. No more death and sorrow. Tears will be wiped (Rev. 21:4)10. Immediate OR Future?11. Death cannot separate from God‟s love in Christ (Rom. 8:38-39)12. In death given comfort, rest, and assurance (Lk 16:22-25; Rev. 6:9-11)13. Waiting a day when death will be completely swallowed up by life (2 Cor. 5:4)
  16. 16. 1. Influenced by inter-testamental writings (1 Cor. 15:51-52), BUT different.2. Unified view of the nature of Jesus‟ resurrection – Robert H. Gundry3. Pharisaical influence – Phil. 3:5; Acts 23:6-84. Best example – 1 Cor. 155. Resurrection is not the raising of the SAME body, but giving a NEW body which is continuous w/ the old (1 Cor. 15:44)6. Sōma = Physical body – “the first Adam” – Spiritual body – “the last Adam”
  17. 17. 5. Resurrected body is the same person (Lk 24:29-32) – bears marks of identification (Jn 20:24-29)6. What is different? a) Another form (Mk 16:12) b) Sits at the table (Mk 16:14) c) Ascends into heaven (Lk 24:51) d) Goes through shut doors (Jn 20:19,26)
  18. 18.  Baptism – raised through the power of God (Col. 2:12) Lord‟s Supper – Church‟s celebration on the first day of the week
  19. 19.  In all 4 Gospels Matthew 28:11-15 Mark 16:1-8 Luke 24:1-12 John 20:11-18
  20. 20.  Paul: “temporal” is replaced by “eternal” (2 Cor. 4:7 – 5:10) “body of humiliation” (Phil. 3:21) Not all questions answered: WHEN, WHERE, HOW, WHO? Will die, but gain because with Christ (2 Cor. 5:6; Phil. 1:20-21)
  21. 21. Emphasis on the „Be‟ and „Do‟1. After hearing this presentation on the biblical doctrines of death, immortality, and resurrection, how would you answer Shelley‟s mother; “Where is Shelley now? She never asked Jesus into her life, she was only two. Does she have the body of a two year old? Is she in heaven?”2. As the pastor officiating at the funeral and graveside interment services of a Christian believer, what would you be sure to include? What would you be sure to exclude?3. As a clergy person, what do you have yet to do within yourself in dealing with your own fears and uncertainties surrounding death and resurrection?

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