(Week1) chapter 1 a changing america

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(Week1) chapter 1 a changing america

  1. 1. Chapter 1: A Changing America Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Emilio Flores/CORBIS
  2. 2. The American People <ul><ul><li>2010: 310 million people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baby-Boom Generation: post WWII birthrate soared </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birthrates falling but immigration increasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population shifting from Frostbelt to Sunbelt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverse Population </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Solus-Veer/Corbis
  3. 3. Population Diversity Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. <ul><li>U.S. is a multiracial and multiethnic society. </li></ul><ul><li>Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic group. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants constitute one eighth of the nation’s population. </li></ul>Justin Sullivan/Getty Images
  4. 4. An Aging Population <ul><ul><li>U.S. population is aging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2010: 40+ million people over age 65 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stress on U.S. financial solvency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medicare – Medicaid - Social Security </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Judy Ben Joud/Shutterstock
  5. 5. Geography Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. <ul><li>US population has been shifting to the South and the West. </li></ul><ul><li>We are moving from the Frost belt to the Sunbelt. </li></ul><ul><li>Population shifts affect the political balance in the U.S. House of Representatives. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Income Distribution <ul><ul><li>Rising gap between rich and poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important because </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a healthy democracy depends on the existence of a large middle class </li></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Damian Dovarganes/AP Photo
  7. 7. Poverty Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. <ul><ul><li>Poverty Level Greater for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) Minority groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) Children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3) Families headed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> by women </li></ul></ul></ul>Rolf Haid/dpa /Landov <ul><li>Poverty threshold: </li></ul><ul><li>2009 poverty threshold was $22,050 for a family of 4 </li></ul><ul><li>14.3% of Americans live in poverty </li></ul>
  8. 8. The United States and the World <ul><li>U.S. is the foremost nation in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Militarily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culturally </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Greg Baker/AP Photo
  9. 9. The U.S. Economy <ul><ul><li>Gross Domestic Product (GDP) = value of goods and services produced by a nation annually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. GDP in 2009 was $14 trillion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High standard of living </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively strong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outpaced rates of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>growth in competitor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>economies in recent years </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  10. 10. The Global Economy <ul><li>Domestic economy is affected by the global economy: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NAFTA and WTO: trade agreements reduce barriers to trade among countries of the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High-technology industries require skilled workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hurts nations with low-skilled, poorly educated workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed nations find low-skill jobs leaving for those nations where wages are lower </li></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. American Political Culture Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. <ul><li>Political Culture: the widely held, deeply rooted political values of a society </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy: system of government in which ultimate political authority is vested in the people </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalism: economic system characterized by individual and corporate ownership of the means of production; a market economy based on supply and demand </li></ul>

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