Subject Verb Agreement


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Subject Verb Agreement

  2. 2. EVERY VERB MUST AGREE WITH ITS SUBJECT Singular Subject Plural Verb Plural Subject Singular Verb
  3. 3. The Stupidity of English Grammar <ul><li>To make a noun plural, we add – s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Singular: girl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plural: girl s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To make a verb plural, we take away the – s . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Singular: he talk s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plural: they talk </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Watch the Verb Endings! <ul><li>Singular </li></ul><ul><li>I walk </li></ul><ul><li>You walk </li></ul><ul><li>He/She/It walk s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joe walk s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The girl walk s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plural </li></ul><ul><li>We walk </li></ul><ul><li>You walk </li></ul><ul><li>They walk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joe and Maria walk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The girls walk </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Remember the 3 irregular verbs: <ul><li>DO </li></ul><ul><li>Singular Plural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He doe s They do </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HAVE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She ha s They have </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He i s They are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She wa s They were </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Tip for Subject/verb Agreement Generally, if the subject doesn ’ t end in –S , the verb will. If the subject does end in –S , the verb won ’ t.
  7. 7. The girl dance s . No –S on subject -S on verb
  8. 8. The girl s dance. -S on subject No –S on verb
  9. 9. Compound subjects joined by “ and ” <ul><li>If there are two or more subjects joined by and , the subject must be plural, so the verb will not get an “ s ” . </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>The boy and the girl dance. </li></ul><ul><li>(= They dance.) </li></ul>No –S on verb
  10. 10. Compound subjects joined by “ or ” <ul><li>If there are two or more subjects joined by or , the verb agrees with the part of the subject closest to it. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The professor or the students walk the halls. </li></ul><ul><li>The students or the professor walks the halls. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Watch out for “ Everybody ” <ul><li>Everybody love s grammar! </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody understand s subject/verb agreement. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Possible Pitfalls <ul><li>Sometimes, several words come between the subject and the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>The student, though she had lots of problems in other schools, finds/find (?) her new class easy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The student , though she had lots of problems in other schools , finds her new class easy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The student finds her new class easy. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Prepositional phrases <ul><li>The subject can never be part of a prepositional phrase . </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>The students in my class study / studies hard. </li></ul>X
  14. 14. Possible Pitfalls <ul><li>Sometimes, the subject will come after the verb, in questions or when sentence begins with there . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is he falling asleep? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why are they falling asleep? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no excuse for such behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are no excuses for such behavior. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Possible Pitfalls <ul><li>Relative Pronouns ( who/which/that ) can be either singular or plural, depending on the word they refer to. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The student who work s hard will succeed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The student s who work hard will succeed. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. How do I get this right? <ul><li>First, identify whether or not you have problems with subject/verb agreement. </li></ul><ul><li>If you don ’ t have any problems with this, don ’ t worry about it! </li></ul><ul><li>If you do have problems </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the verb. Ask who or what is doing it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This will identify the subject. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Say them together and make sure that they match in terms of number. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The subject and verb are the skeleton of every sentence. Make sure you fit those two important parts together correctly!
  18. 18. Break Time!
  19. 19. In-Class Activity <ul><li>Have the class visit the learning commons area. </li></ul><ul><li>Notice all the different activities that your colleagues are doing. </li></ul><ul><li>write for fifteen minutes about all of the activities they see using the present tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Upon returning to class, students are to exchange papers and look for subject-verb agreement errors. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Journal Activity Sherman Alexie’s father had a passion for books, which he would collect from places like the Salvation Army and Value Village. Write about your own habits of collecting, using the past tense. Then edit your paragraph, changing each verb to the present tense, taking care to avoid mistakes in subject-verb agreement.