Revolution and Romanticism

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  • Answer: b Page ref: 328
  • Answer: c Page ref: 328
  • Revolution and Romanticism

    1. 1. Revolution and Romanticism Chapters 19 – 20 By: Professor Wylie Tidwell HUM 250 Westwood College
    2. 2. What do you think? <ul><li>http://www.polleverywhere.com/free_text_polls/MzA0NjM3MDgx </li></ul>
    3. 3. Topics to be discussed <ul><li>Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>1776 American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Hegel </li></ul><ul><li>Karl Marx </li></ul>
    4. 4. Human Rights <ul><li>What are “human Rights”? </li></ul><ul><li>List five of the most fundamental human rights that government should protect or secure. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How are these connected to the U.S. Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. 1776 American Revolution <ul><li>The Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrvpZxMfKaU </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Historical Background on the Constitution of the United States <ul><li>The Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May 15, 1776 Virginia becomes the first colony to call for independence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Richard Henry Lee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ that these United Colonies are, and ought to be, free and independent States, and that all connection between …Great Britain is, and ought to be, dissolved.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This move by Virginia, and other states, brings about the Declaration of Independence. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Napoleon <ul><li>Born August 15, 1759 </li></ul><ul><li>Won a scholarship to the French academy at 14. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Started his career in the military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ I closed the gulf of anarchy and brought order out of chaos. I rewarded merit regardless of birth or wealth, wherever I found it. I abolished feudalism and restored equality to all regardless of religion and before the law. I fought the decrepit monarchies of the Old Regime because the alternative was the destruction of all this. I purified the Revolution.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Napoleon continued <ul><li>argued that he was building a federation of free peoples in a Europe united under a liberal government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ranted constitutions, introduced law codes, abolished feudalism, created efficient governments and fostered education, science, literature and the arts. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Napoleon continued <ul><li>Code Napoleon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>revision and collection of French law into codes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>seven in number </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>incorporated some of the freedoms gained by the people of France during the French revolution, including religious toleration and the abolition of serfdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>still forms the basis of French civil law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>believed in government &quot;for&quot; the people, he rejected government &quot;by&quot; the people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France was a police state with a vast network of secret police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>press was controlled by the state </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>impossible to express an opinion without Napoleon's approval </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Freedom <ul><li>What is “freedom”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,590381,00.html </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Changes That Led to the Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the invention of machines to do the work of hand tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the use of steam, and later of other kinds of power, in place of the muscles of human beings and of animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the adoption of the factory system. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Industrial Revolution continued <ul><li>Expanding Commerce Affects Industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Crusades opened up the riches of the East to Western Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New world discovered </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Hegel <ul><li>Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) is one of the greatest systematic thinkers in the history of Western philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>The Philosophy of Right </li></ul>
    14. 14. Hegel continued <ul><li>deals with the human world and its array of… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>social rules and institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>including </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>morally </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>legal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>religious </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>economic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>political </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the family </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>social classes, and other forms of human organization. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Karl Marx <ul><li>Karl Marx (1818–1883) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>best known not as a philosopher but as a revolutionary communist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>works inspired the foundation of many communist regimes in the twentieth century </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Karl Marx continued <ul><li>Historical materialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marx's theory of history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>centered around the idea that forms of society rise and fall as they further and then impede the development of human productive power. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sees the historical process as proceeding through a necessary series of modes of production, characterized by class struggle, culminating in communism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalism would be replaced by communism </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Quiz <ul><li>“ It is indeed a wonderful sensation to see such an individual who, here concentrated into a single point, reaches out over the world and dominates it.” To whom was the philosopher G. W. F. Hegel referring here, seeing in this individual the embodiment of the World-Spirit? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon Bonaparte </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ludwig van Beethoven </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Quiz <ul><li>What was a central argument in Karl Marx ’s Communist Manifesto ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bourgeois society represents the ultimate stage of human social development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the proletariat will soon join with factory owners in overthrowing capitalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>history advances by a dialectical struggle between classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the future holds little promise of technological progress </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Quiz <ul><li>Characterize Napoleon ’s use of the arts to legitimize his reign as ruler of post-revolutionary France. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Reaction Paper <ul><li>Using the Reaction Paper guideline previously given, please listen to the following Tracks on Volume 2 of your course CD. </li></ul><ul><li>Tracks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11 (Mozart) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14 (Beethoven Symphony No. 5,1) </li></ul></ul>

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