Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Ancient Rome and the Roman Republic
Geography -Located on the Italian peninsula, in the center of the  Mediterranean  Sea -The  Alps  are in the North -The Ap...
Early Civilization -Italy was originally occupied by many different groups of people -Two main groups were  Greek  colonis...
Legend of the Founding of Rome -Legend has it that twin brothers,  Romulus  and  Remus  founded the city -According to the...
Rome Geography Rome is located: -On the banks of the  Tiber  River -On and around seven hills Why would this geographic lo...
Politics <ul><li>Romans drove out their Etruscan ruler and established a  republic </li></ul><ul><li>They did not want one...
Structure of the Republic <ul><li>Patricians = landholding upper class </li></ul><ul><li>Plebeians = farmers, merchants, a...
Patricians vs. Plebeians <ul><li>Plebeians  have no say in the government </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually get to elect their ...
Social Structures <ul><li>-A  man  was the head of the household and his  wife   and children did not question his authori...
Religion -Romans were  polytheistic -they believed in many gods and goddesses -Many of the gods were adapted from the  Gre...
Politics <ul><li>Rome grows strong and begins conquering the rest of  Italy </li></ul><ul><li>-By  270 B.C., Rome controls...
The Punic Wars - Carthage  had an empire throughout the Mediterranean -Rome fought Carthage in three wars from 264 B.C. to...
Economics - Conquests  brought much wealth to Rome -Wealthy families bought huge estates called  latifundia .  -Romans for...
The Gracchus Brothers <ul><li>The brothers worked to get the state to distribute the  land  to the poor farmers </li></ul>...
Republic to Empire - Civil wars   break out to decide who should hold power. The senate wanted to keep the  status quo ; p...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

of

Ancient rome Slide 1 Ancient rome Slide 2 Ancient rome Slide 3 Ancient rome Slide 4 Ancient rome Slide 5 Ancient rome Slide 6 Ancient rome Slide 7 Ancient rome Slide 8 Ancient rome Slide 9 Ancient rome Slide 10 Ancient rome Slide 11

YouTube videos are no longer supported on SlideShare

View original on YouTube

Ancient rome Slide 13 Ancient rome Slide 14 Ancient rome Slide 15

YouTube videos are no longer supported on SlideShare

View original on YouTube

Ancient rome Slide 17 Ancient rome Slide 18

10

Share

Download to read offline

Ancient rome

Download to read offline

Ancient rome

  1. 1. Ancient Rome and the Roman Republic
  2. 2. Geography -Located on the Italian peninsula, in the center of the Mediterranean Sea -The Alps are in the North -The Apennine Mts. are on the eastern coast -broad, fertile plains in the north and west
  3. 3. Early Civilization -Italy was originally occupied by many different groups of people -Two main groups were Greek colonists and the Etruscans -The Etruscans ruled much of central Italy and Rome itself -Ancestors of the Romans, the Latins , settled in the area that is now Rome around 800 B.C.
  4. 4. Legend of the Founding of Rome -Legend has it that twin brothers, Romulus and Remus founded the city -According to the tale, the twins’ mother was a Latin woman and their father was the war god Mars -This led Romans to believe that they had a divine origin
  5. 5. Rome Geography Rome is located: -On the banks of the Tiber River -On and around seven hills Why would this geographic location be an advantage?
  6. 6. Politics <ul><li>Romans drove out their Etruscan ruler and established a republic </li></ul><ul><li>They did not want one person to have all the power </li></ul>- 509 B.C. Rome is Founded
  7. 7. Structure of the Republic <ul><li>Patricians = landholding upper class </li></ul><ul><li>Plebeians = farmers, merchants, artisans, traders </li></ul><ul><li>Senate= governing body </li></ul><ul><li>Consuls= two patricians </li></ul><ul><li>Dictator = assigned to be in charge in the event of a war for six months </li></ul>
  8. 8. Patricians vs. Plebeians <ul><li>Plebeians have no say in the government </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually get to elect their own officials called tribunes in 494 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>For 84 years, (421-337 B.C.) plebeians fought to have a role in each part of the government </li></ul>
  9. 9. Social Structures <ul><li>-A man was the head of the household and his wife and children did not question his authority </li></ul><ul><li>Over centuries, women received more rights. These included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owning property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Running businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All children were taught to learn to read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy had private tutors for their children </li></ul>
  10. 10. Religion -Romans were polytheistic -they believed in many gods and goddesses -Many of the gods were adapted from the Greek gods <ul><li>Roman calendar is full of feasts and celebrations to honor the gods and goddesses </li></ul><ul><li>Temples for worship to ask for divine assistance </li></ul>Greek God Roman God Zeus-ruler of all gods Jupiter-ruler of all gods Hera-wife of Zeus, protected marriage Juno-wife of Jupiter, protected marriage Poseidon-god of the sea Neptune-god of the sea
  11. 11. Politics <ul><li>Rome grows strong and begins conquering the rest of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>-By 270 B.C., Rome controls most of the Italian peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Military is made up of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Rome conquered justly- allowing those conquered to keep their culture, customs, and government - as long as they supplied soldiers, paid taxes, and acknowledge Roman leadership </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Punic Wars - Carthage had an empire throughout the Mediterranean -Rome fought Carthage in three wars from 264 B.C. to 146 B.C. (118 years!) -By the Third Punic War, Rome had completely destroyed Carthage and gained all of Carthage’s territory
  13. 13. Economics - Conquests brought much wealth to Rome -Wealthy families bought huge estates called latifundia . -Romans forced the people they conquered to work as slaves on the latifundia -Slave labor hurt the small farmers because it cost them more to produce food, and the price was driven down by the immense quantities coming into Rome -Farmers fell into debt , sold their land , and moved to the city looking for work -gap between rich and poor widens=riots and chaos
  14. 14. The Gracchus Brothers <ul><li>The brothers worked to get the state to distribute the land to the poor farmers </li></ul><ul><li>They also worked to get the state to buy grain to feed the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Senate felt they were a threat to its power , and hired thugs to kill the brothers and their followers </li></ul>-Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus were patricians who were elected tribunes
  15. 15. Republic to Empire - Civil wars break out to decide who should hold power. The senate wanted to keep the status quo ; political leaders wanted to weaken the senate and enact reforms -Slave uprisings throughout the republic -Armies became loyal to their commanders because they gave them benefits such as captured land
  • StephanieFeatherston1

    May. 17, 2020
  • ingridelizabethleon

    Feb. 19, 2020
  • GraceBing1

    Jan. 7, 2019
  • argelynMoraga

    Oct. 18, 2018
  • ElenaLora

    Jan. 30, 2016
  • EmilyFuller2

    Jun. 3, 2015
  • seanulley

    Jan. 4, 2015
  • EBNick

    Nov. 4, 2014
  • roaaabdulqader

    Oct. 9, 2014
  • KevonRooney

    Nov. 12, 2012

Views

Total views

13,212

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

700

Actions

Downloads

314

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

10

×