The 1920s decade project


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My project for history about the 1920s. Enjoy learning stuff.

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The 1920s decade project

  1. 1. “ The Roaring 20s” by Ryan Vallejo
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Slide 1: Title </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 3-4: The Stock Market Crash </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 5-6: Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 6-7: Formation of NFL </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 9-10: 1923 World Series </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 11-12: Radio Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 13-14: Music in the 20s </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 15-16: Albert Einstein </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 17: Advertisement from 20s </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 18-19: The Automobile </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 20: Bibliography </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Stock Market Crash <ul><li>Today, October 29 th , 1929, the stock market has seen the worst crash in history. </li></ul><ul><li>The stock market has not seen the best days lately, but today is the worst </li></ul><ul><li>More than 43 points were lost today </li></ul><ul><li>This alone has wiped out the entire gains of the whole year </li></ul><ul><li>Investors lost more than $10 billion </li></ul><ul><li>This crash did not just affect stockholders, but people everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Factories closed and banks failed </li></ul><ul><li>Men and women lost their jobs or their salaries suffered </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>This did not come as a surprise as the stock market hasn’t been good lately </li></ul><ul><li>On October 21, 1929, it was not hard to see the end was near </li></ul><ul><li>Stock prices began to slide, and people tried to unload their holdings. </li></ul><ul><li>Bankers tried to stop the disaster by pumping in cash and buying lots of stocks. </li></ul><ul><li>The stock market hesitated, but no light could be seen </li></ul><ul><li>The following Monday saw more selling than previously had </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness and hunger now strikes the land </li></ul><ul><li>People cannot afford to pay for their own homes or even provide for their own family </li></ul>
  5. 5. Prohibition <ul><li>Prohibition is a movement of banning alcohol that is sweeping the nation </li></ul><ul><li>The push for Prohibition began in the nineteenth century </li></ul><ul><li>Many reasons for the ban, such as the relation to criminal behavior and increase in violence </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific research has demonstrated that alcohol is a narcotic poison, bad to the human organism </li></ul><ul><li>The Eighteenth Amendment passed, which makes alcohol illegal </li></ul><ul><li>The Volstead Act (passed on October 28, 1919) clarified the law </li></ul><ul><li>The Volstead Act stated that &quot;beer, wine, or other intoxicating malt or vinous liquors&quot; meant any beverage that was more than 0.5% alcohol by volume. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized crime accompanied with violence received a major boost after it passed </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>“ Bootleggers” are making a fortune smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>alcohol into the United States and selling it </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasies, a place where one can drink with </li></ul><ul><li>others publicly, are rising in popularity </li></ul><ul><li>Since Prohibition went into effect a full year after </li></ul><ul><li>the 18th Amendment's ratification, many people bought cases of alcohol and stored them </li></ul><ul><li>A doctor’s prescription made it legal for a person to drink alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>26 states have already passed “dry laws” </li></ul><ul><li>During this period, newly hired Prohibition agents were responsible for raiding speakeasies, finding stills, and arresting gangsters </li></ul><ul><li>Many of these agents are getting bribed because of their low pay </li></ul><ul><li>Critics continued to believe that the amendment represented an intrusion to one’s personal relations </li></ul>
  7. 7. NFL Formed <ul><li>NFL Formed in June 1922 in Canton, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Evolved from the “American Professional Football Association” </li></ul><ul><li>The APFA lasted only two seasons when it was reorganized </li></ul><ul><li>Only two teams started in the NFL, the Decatur Staleys and the Chicago Cardinals </li></ul><ul><li>The National Football League was the idea of legendary American-Indian Olympic athlete Jim Thorpe </li></ul><ul><li>Leo Lyons wanted to create a sport to rival the Major League Baseball </li></ul><ul><li>Things don’t go according to plans due to Spanish Flu quarantines </li></ul><ul><li>First eleven teams included cities from Chicago, New York, and Detroit </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Small town teams face financial problems </li></ul><ul><li>The Steam Roller's played the Cardinals in the first night game on November 6 1928 with new flood lights installed. </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Thorpe later became president of the league </li></ul><ul><li>Many rule changes were made because of this new sport </li></ul><ul><li>Such changes were scoring methods </li></ul><ul><li>Field goal reduced to 3 points while touchdown raised to 6 points </li></ul><ul><li>The AFL is a competitor to the NFL </li></ul><ul><li>AFL doesn’t have as many teams as NFL </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1923 MLB World Series <ul><li>7 game championship between NY Yankees and NY Giants </li></ul><ul><li>NY Giants are 2-time defending champions up until now </li></ul><ul><li>Yankees lost previous 2 World Series to Giants </li></ul><ul><li>Yankees more popular of the 2 teams </li></ul><ul><li>Important players for NY Yankees include: Babe Ruth, Aaron Ward, and Wally Pipp </li></ul><ul><li>Important players for NY Giants include: Frankie Frisch and Jack Bentley </li></ul><ul><li>Home field advantage is now starting to affect the outcome of games </li></ul><ul><li>Yankees and Giants used to share their field, until new Yankees stadium arose </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Yankees have best record going into the championship </li></ul><ul><li>Yankee stadium consistently bringing more fans than Giants stadium </li></ul><ul><li>Yankees victories include: Games 2, 4, 5, 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Giants victories include: Games 1, 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Popular broadcaster Rice did play-by-play reporting until handing the microphone over to McNamee in the 4 th inning of game 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Many criticized McNamee for his lack of experience, </li></ul><ul><li>McNamee helped popularize the sport in years to </li></ul><ul><li>come </li></ul><ul><li>Babe Ruth named best player, hitting three home </li></ul><ul><li>runs, a triple, a double and two singles while </li></ul><ul><li>batting .368. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Radio entertainment in the 1920s <ul><li>Great new invention that makes communication easier across the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Radios used radio waves to connect to the air </li></ul><ul><li>More and more filling American homes </li></ul><ul><li>Radios broadcasted many events through the airwaves </li></ul><ul><li>Gave people a “new generation” feel </li></ul><ul><li>Popular broadcast stations include </li></ul><ul><li>KDKM, WBDH, and WHRO </li></ul><ul><li>FM and AM radio stations are </li></ul><ul><li>popular among all listeners </li></ul><ul><li>Some radios didn’t have an audio </li></ul><ul><li>output so listeners used headphones </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The 20s were an important time for the formation of the radio </li></ul><ul><li>The first Rose Bowl cast broadcasted via radio on January 1 st , 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Sports and many other events were broadcasted on the radio </li></ul><ul><li>Comedy shows, music, and news were are popular on the radio </li></ul><ul><li>Radio stations started including 24/7 broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Almost all events were broadcasted live </li></ul><ul><li>In 1922, 30 radio stations were in operation in the United States, and 100,000 consumer radios were sold. </li></ul><ul><li>Radio was an important milestone to new media </li></ul>
  13. 13. Music in the 1920s <ul><li>Jazz was growing exponentially in the 1920s [called “Jazz Age”] </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Armstrong help popularize Jazz </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz made up most of the music in the 20s </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz influenced others to make their own music </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for playing the trumpet and singing </li></ul><ul><li>Americans bought phonograph records that they wound up to play </li></ul><ul><li>Phonograph records help revolutionize </li></ul><ul><li>music </li></ul><ul><li>Broadway musicals and performances </li></ul><ul><li>were something that was both popular </li></ul><ul><li>and affordable </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>American people pay up to $3.50 for a seat in a Broadway musical </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre has been popular in New York, but Broadway revolutionized it </li></ul><ul><li>Many performers dedicated their lives to performing </li></ul><ul><li>This influenced others to dedicate their own lives to music </li></ul><ul><li>Songwriting and singers become more mainstream to the public </li></ul><ul><li>Blues was also a popular way for people to express themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Blues was performed to express one’s troubles </li></ul><ul><li>Almost all music was used to express one’s self </li></ul>
  15. 15. Albert Einstein <ul><li>Born March 14, 1879 in the Kingdom of Württemberg, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Was a “non-observant” Jew that attended a Catholic school </li></ul><ul><li>His first inspiration was a compass </li></ul><ul><li>At age 17, he graduated and renounced his citizenship in the German Kingdom of Wurttemberg to avoid military service </li></ul><ul><li>Excelled in Science and Physics </li></ul><ul><li>In order to make his living, he gave private lessons in mathematics and physics </li></ul><ul><li>Won a Nobel Prize in or 1920 – 21 </li></ul><ul><li>His Theory of Relativity won him the Nobel Prize </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The theory of Relativity included the equation E = mc^2 </li></ul><ul><li>E = mc^2 meant that energy always exhibits mass in whatever form the energy takes </li></ul><ul><li>Came up with the Bose-Einstein Condensate in 1924 which stated that there are only 3 phases of matter </li></ul><ul><li>Solids, liquids, and gases included those states of matter </li></ul><ul><li>He invented early stages of the refrigerator in 1926 </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein was visiting the U.S. in 1933, and when </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler came to power, he did not go back to Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Became an American citizen in 1940 and </li></ul><ul><li>continued his studies there </li></ul><ul><li>Died in Princeton , New Jersey due to internal bleeding </li></ul>
  17. 17. Advertisement 1920s
  18. 18. The Automobile <ul><li>The Automobile’s popularity soared in the 20’s due to it’s affordability </li></ul><ul><li>Americans could make payments every week on the car </li></ul><ul><li>The Ford Model T car was designed by Childe Harold Wills and two Hungarian immigrants, Joseph A. Galamb and Eugene Farkas </li></ul><ul><li>The first automobile mass-produced on assembly lines </li></ul><ul><li>Made by Henry Ford, The Ford Company </li></ul><ul><li>Had interchangeable parts </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted to the middle-class families </li></ul><ul><li>Had many different model types </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Made it possible for families to travel to different parts of the city or country </li></ul><ul><li>Traveling was much easier </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually most American families owned a car </li></ul><ul><li>Almost everyone benefited from automobiles </li></ul><ul><li>This revolutionized America in means of transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Distances that took 30 minutes to walk to were easily reached by cars </li></ul><ul><li>It gave Americans prosperity in the early 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>The automobile helped shape the future of America </li></ul>
  20. 20. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> prohibition </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>