The political changes from 1871-1914 were influenced by the liberal movement of 1815-1870.
Changes Politically from 1871-1914 1. Universal Male Suffrage – (vote extended to working class) -creation of mass political parties -political leaders needed to appeal to wide electorate -continued agitation among women
Changes Politically from 1871-1914 1. Universal Male Suffrage – (vote extended to working class) 2. Governments started to lay the ground work for the “welfare state” -government takes on responsibility for social and economic problems that arose due to industrialization -mix of socialism and humanitarianism
France 1792 and 1848 – major revolutions – people called for what form of government?
France 1870 – France overrun by Bismarck -elections showed that the French distrusted Republic as a form of government – wanted a monarchy -Paris Republicans refused to accept National Assembly’s authority
France Creation of the “Paris Commune” March to May 1871 -revival of Jacobinism -patriotic and republican -Anti-German, Anti-wealthy bourgeois, aristocrat, & clergy -Pro-government control upon prices, wages, and working conditions -violent SOCIAL revolution as well Who do you think was very excited about this “worker” uprising?
France Results: 1. Fighting – most violent in French History 2. National Assembly wins 3. 20,000 Communards executed 4. 7,500 deported
France New Government in France Created a Republic : Known as the THIRD REPUBLIC President Two House Parliament Council of Ministers (cabinet) headed by a Premier
France 1879 – Republicans gain majority in both houses -less radical as more people joined -est. compulsory school system at gov’t expense -passed anticlerical legislation (limit church influence in ed.)
William Gladstone -Forster Education Act of 1870 – state-supported public education -introduced secret ballot -legalized labor unions -promoted civil service exam -eliminated sale of commissions in the army -worker’s compensation PM four times from 1868-1894
Benjamin Disraeli -extended laws regulating public sanitation -safety laws for mines and factories -Regulated housing conditions for poor PM - 1867, 1874-1880