Open culture2014 power_eadv2

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Open culture2014 power_eadv2

  1. 1. The Power of Standards: their role in the integration and discovery of the British Library’s archive and manuscript collections OpenCulture 2014: Bill Stockting, British Library
  2. 2. www.bl.uk Introduction • Briefly describe collections • The situation in 2007 • The 6 Step Programme detailing information standards used • Conclude by noting how standards used are enabling us to provide greater online access to the collections
  3. 3. www.bl.uk Archive and Manuscript Collections Papyri to the papers of living authors: • Manuscripts: Asian, Literary, Music and Western including archives of creatives • Records of East India Company and its successors, and related private papers • Digital collections, e.g. Endangered Archive Programme • Now also Visual Arts collections
  4. 4. www.bl.uk 2007: The problem Mission: To deliver a powerful, flexible integrated cataloguing and resource discovery system that will unite and broaden access to the British Library’s archives and manuscript collection and will provide standards compliant data for external co-operative projects 100’s of separate catalogues • Big and small • Managed by many people across the Library • Some online, some only available in reading rooms, some only for curatorial access • Many different formats: databases, excel, WORD and HTML • Various description standards and none
  5. 5. www.bl.uk Step 1: Procure a Standards Based Catalogue System An in-house development – Integrated Archives and Manuscripts System or IAMS: • Data model based on the ICA Standards for Archival Description especially: – ISAD(G) – archival aggregations – ISAAR(CPF) – creating and subject entities • In-house content standards based on national and international practice but also external vocabulary standards to ensure data is interoperable, eg: – Languages: ISO 639-2 etc – Scripts: ISO 15924
  6. 6. www.bl.uk Step 2. Migrate Legacy Data • Since 2009, over 2 million legacy records migrated to the system • In principle did as little manual work as possible • Took opportunity though to programmatically amend data: – To provide structure demanded by our descriptive standards – To normalise key elements: languages, scripts, dates etc
  7. 7. www.bl.uk Step 3. Develop Persistent Identification • Mass digitisation now happening, egs: – Gulf History Portal – Europeana WW1 • IAMS integrated into the Library’s digital infrastructure • Complex but key glue for this is Persistent Identification for catalogue records as well as content using ARK standard
  8. 8. www.bl.uk Step 4. Clarify Rights and Licensing • Rights and licensing part of content publication process but also that for metadata • Ascertained that we have the rights to the metadata • Library makes BNB available as Linked Open Data as CC0 so IAMS data declared as such too
  9. 9. www.bl.uk Step 5. Share Metadata Promiscuously • Finally we are in a position to share our metadata with anyone that wants it… • Standards here for allowing access: – Web services – RESTful API – OAI-PMH Repository • XML data in many formats: – EAD, EAC-CPF – TEI, VRA Core – MARCXML, Dublin Core – MODS wrapped in METS – RDF...
  10. 10. www.bl.uk Step 6. Get Involved in Standards Development • Library now involved in standards development, promotion and use for archives: • UK: – Descriptive Standards Roundtable – UK Archives Discovery Network • International: – Society of American Archivists’ - EAD – ICA’s EGAD – Conceptual Model for Archives
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  18. 18. www.bl.uk Any Questions?

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