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Jan 14, 2011
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The era of peace and stability established by the Roman Empire.
What does Veto mean?
The power to block the actions of another part of the government
How did Rome keep order in its conquered territories?
Treating its defeated enemies fairly
Describe a Republic.
Government without a king where the officials are selected by the people
Before Julius Caesar seized power, what was a dictator.
A ruler appointed by the Senate to rule for 6 months during emergencies/war
In the Roman Republic who were the Tribunes?
Officials in charge of looking out for the interests of the plebeians
In the Roman Republic who were the Consuls?
Officials in charge of running the government and commanding the army
Roman roads helped unite the empire; how many miles did these roads cover?
Who was the first emperor of Rome?
Which emperor made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire?
What church did Justinian rebuild in Constantinople?
He Rebuilt the Hagia Sophia?
What was the name of the new religion of the Byzantine Empire?
The Eastern Orthodox Christianity
What laws did Justinian rewrite for Byzantium?
Roman Laws became the “Justinian Codes”
Did Justinian expand or contract the Byzantine Empire?
He expanded the Byzantine Empire.
What was unique about Constantinople’s geography?
It was surrounded by water on three sides
What is the difference between E. Orthodox and Roman Catholic priests ability to marry?
Eastern Orthodox priests may marry, Roman Catholic priest may not
Who is the head of the Eastern Orthodox Church?
The Patriarch is head of the Eastern Orthodox Church
What architectural achievement contributed to Constantinople’s defense?
A wall protecting the 4 th side which wasn’t protected by water.
What caused Constantinople to be a center for cultural diffusion?
It’s location at the center of trade routes between Europe and Asia
What was the cause of the Great Schism?
The Byzantine Emperor didn’t want to be ruled by the Pope in Rome
What is the Arabic word for “God?”
What is Allah?
What was the name of the angel who called Muhammad to be a messenger of God?
What was the name of the “city of the prophet?”
The Muslim term for “struggle in God’s service.”
A society where men hold legal and moral authority.
A temple in Mecca built by Abraham to worship one true God.
What does the word “Islam” mean?
To submit to God
To achieve salvation, Muslims perform acts of worship known as…
The Five Pillars of Faith
One common aspect of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is:
Monotheism or the belief in one God
The Muslim book of worship is called
How did geography and climate affect the history of Africa?
Separate empires developed throughout Africa
The spread of Islam into the kingdoms of Ghana and Mali resulted from
Migration and Trade
Nubia developed in what part of Africa?
Along the Upper Nile River Valley
How did Ghana become so powerful?
It controlled the Gold-Salt trade
How did Sunni Ali of Songhai differ from other W. African rulers?
He was not Muslim
Axum’s location enabled it to trade with….
India, Arabia, and Asia
What was Mali’s relationship to Ghana?
Ghana was replaced by Mali
In Africa, why would the sources of salt be located near the ocean?
The Atlantic Ocean is a good source of salt
A major reason for Meroe’s success was the ability of its people to make tools and weapons from
West African merchants were willing to pay a high price for salt because
It was a scarce commodity in West Africa
River whose valley was the site if India’s first civilization
India’s social structure that began under the Aryans
The caste system
The Aryans’ collection of sacred knowledge.
This is the greatest, and longest Indian Epic
Major religion of India that developed slowly over a long period of time.
Members of the lowest class in the Indian social system
Birth name of the founder of Buddhism
State of complete happiness and peace in Buddhism
Most honored Mauryan ruler, who converted to Buddhism and promoted peace.
Name two of the three Hindu Trinity
Brahma Vishnu Shiva