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Lesson3 injuries


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Lesson3 injuries

  1. 1. Injuries and Treatment
  2. 2. Types of Injuries <ul><li>Muscle Cramp: a sudden and involuntary contraction of one or more of your muscles. Muscle cramps can result in intense pain and leave you temporarily unable to use the affected muscles. </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: Overuse, dehydration, heat. </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden sharp pain, and/or a hard lump of muscle tissue </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Injuries <ul><li>Muscle Strain: Damage to a muscle or its attaching tendons </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: overuse, strenuous activity, normal tasks preformed with poor form </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms: Swelling, bruising or redness, pain at rest, pain for certain movements, muscle weakness </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types in Injuries <ul><li>Sprain: stretching or tearing of ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: overextending while joint is under stress, landing awkwardly, uneven surfaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Mild: Your ligament stretches excessively or tears slightly. </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate: The fibers in your ligament tear, but they don't rupture completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe: One or more ligaments tear completely. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Treatment <ul><li>Rest – avoid use of hurt muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Ice – Reduce pain and swelling, 20/20 </li></ul><ul><li>Compression – lightly wrapped </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation – raise above heart level </li></ul>
  6. 6. Major Injuries
  7. 7. Fracture <ul><li>Any type of break on the bone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Casts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immobilization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clamps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screws </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Dislocation <ul><li>A bone separates from its normal position in the joint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Football: Fingers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hockey: shoulders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Doctor must put it back in place </li></ul><ul><li>Rest is required for full healing </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tendonitis <ul><li>Tendons (muscle to bone) stretched or torn from over use. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical therapy </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Blows to the Head <ul><li>Swelling of the brain, concussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconsciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dizzy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blurry Vision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tell the coach, trainer, friend or some one that can get you to the hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of bruising behind the ears </li></ul>
  11. 11. Weather related risks
  12. 12. Overexertion <ul><li>Over working the body </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul>
  13. 13. Heat cramps <ul><li>Muscle spasms that result because of a loss of large amounts of water and salt through perspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul>
  14. 14. Heat Exhaustion <ul><li>Very serious </li></ul><ul><li>Overheating of the body resulting in cold, clammy skin, and symptoms of shock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dizziness, headache, shortness of breath </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Move to a cool place, lay down, and raise feet </li></ul>
  15. 15. Heatstroke <ul><li>Body loses the ability to rid itself of heat through perspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Body temperature rises, and breathing becomes difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>Person will often collapse </li></ul>
  16. 16. Frostbite <ul><li>Body tissue become frozen </li></ul><ul><li>Blood moves away from arms and legs, and into the core to protect vital organs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dress in layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try not to sweat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand and feet warmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep blood pumping </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Protective Equipment <ul><li>Hot or cold gear </li></ul><ul><li>Compression material (shorts) </li></ul><ul><li>Simple braces </li></ul><ul><li>Mouth guards </li></ul><ul><li>Proper footwear (at the gym) </li></ul><ul><li>Lifting belts </li></ul><ul><li>Cup </li></ul>