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Chapter24 smoking


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Chapter24 smoking

  1. 1. Smoking
  2. 2. <ul><li>Every day: 6000 teens light up for the first time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3000 become regular smokers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>9 of 10 adult smokers began as teens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1/3 of these will die from smoke related causes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2.6 million packs of cigarettes are sold illegally to minors every day </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nicotine <ul><li>Nicotine – the addictive drug in cigarettes is a poison stimulant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People smoke to reduce the craving for the nicotine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A stimulant increases the action of the CNS, heart and other organs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raises heart rate and blood pressure </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Tar <ul><li>Flavor is due to the tar in tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Tar is thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns </li></ul><ul><li>It penetrates the airways and lungs </li></ul><ul><li>It combines with the drying effect of the smoke to paralyze or destroy the cilia </li></ul><ul><li>Contains several substances known as carcinogens </li></ul>
  5. 5. Carbon Monoxide <ul><li>A colorless, odorless, poisonous gas in smoke that passes through the lungs into the blood </li></ul><ul><li>Same as automobile exhaust fumes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other tobacco <ul><li>Smokeless tobacco – sniffed or chewed </li></ul><ul><li>Myths: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Its “cool” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safer because it is not “taken” into the lungs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Truth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes the same health risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer if the lip, mouth, throat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to the teeth and gums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to the digestive system </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Skoal Flavors: Wintergreen*** Peach Citrus Berry blend* Vanilla Cherry
  8. 10. Effects of smoking on the body Diseases of the respiratory system
  9. 11.
  10. 12. Chronic bronchitis <ul><li>bronchi are irritated. As tar builds up, cilia become useless resulting in chronic coughing and excessive mucus secretion </li></ul>
  11. 13. Emphysema <ul><li>Involves destruction of the tiny air sacs in lungs </li></ul><ul><li>As walls are destroyed, they lose their elasticity and provide less total surface area for oxygen to be absorbed </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of using 5% of total energy to breathe, now using 80% </li></ul>
  12. 14. Lung cancer <ul><li>Leading cause of death in males </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming a more significant cause of death in females </li></ul>
  13. 15. Disease of the circulatory system
  14. 16. <ul><li>Nicotine causes the heart to speed up </li></ul><ul><li>It constricts blood vessels reducing blood flow to the limbs, resulting in a tingling sensation in hands and feet. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the chance for arteriosclerosis </li></ul><ul><li>Hardening of the arteries which gradually clogs the vessels to the hearts </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the risk of heart attack by 3x </li></ul>
  15. 17. Smoking <ul><li>Raises the blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the risk of stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the risk of coronary heart disease </li></ul>
  16. 18. Dangers of smokeless tobacco <ul><li>Addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Produces increased saliva – though most is spit out, some is unconsciously swallowed, introducing carcinogens into the digestive and urinary systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains chemicals that delay “healing.” </li></ul><ul><li>Cause leukoplakia – thickened, white, leathery-appearing spots on the inside of the mouth – can turn to cancer </li></ul>
  17. 19. Quitting <ul><li>Nicotine withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>May feel nervous, moody, difficult sleeping </li></ul>
  18. 20. Strategies for quitting <ul><li>Nicotine filters </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver smaller doses of nicotine </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine gum </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine patch </li></ul><ul><li>Cold turkey </li></ul>
  19. 21. Benefits of quitting <ul><li>Fitness increases as breathing becomes easier </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce chance of stroke and heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces anxiety of offending others and finding places to smoke </li></ul>
  20. 22. Tips for quitting <ul><li>Make a list of reasons for quitting </li></ul><ul><li>Set a specific date and stick to that date </li></ul><ul><li>Set short term goals to reinforce decision </li></ul><ul><li>Decide which approach to take </li></ul><ul><li>Get your environment ready including setting up a support system </li></ul>