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Copyright Sautter 2015
2
SPACITAL ORIENTATION OF ORBITALS IS
DESIGNATED BY SUBSCRIPTS FOR THE
p, d ORBITALS AND f ORBITALS. S ORBITALS
REQUIRE NO D...
S ORBITAL
SHAPE
1S 4
P ORBITAL
SHAPES
PX
PY
PZ
5
D ORBITAL
SHAPES
dz2
dyz dxz
dxz dx2-y2
6
7
TYPES OF HYBRID ORBITALS & BONDS
S ORBITAL OVERLAP
SP BONDING
SP2 BONDING
SP3 BONDING
LONE PAIR ELECTRONS
MULTIPLE BONDS (...
WHEN TWO HYDROGEN ATOM COMBINE TO FORM
H2 THE 1S ATOMIC ORBITALS OVERLAP EACHOTHER.
THIS OVERLAP OF ATOMIC ORBITALS GIVES ...
1S ORBITAL
OVERLAP
IN H2
1S
1S
H
H
10
SP3 HYBRID
ORBITALS IN
CH4 11
12
Click Here
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Orbital Geometry

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Shows the geometry of hybrid orbital bonding in various compounds.
**More good stuff available at:
www.wsautter.com
and
http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wnsautter&aq=f

  • I have taught chemistry and physics for forty years and am have been retired for nine years. Additionally, I coached wrestling for seventeen years. I have been married to for forty-two years and have two children.
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    Please take a look. Thanks.
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Orbital Geometry

  1. 1. Copyright Sautter 2015
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. SPACITAL ORIENTATION OF ORBITALS IS DESIGNATED BY SUBSCRIPTS FOR THE p, d ORBITALS AND f ORBITALS. S ORBITALS REQUIRE NO DESIGNATION SINCE THERE IS ONLY ONE POSSIBLE S ORBITAL. p ORBITALS OCCUR IN THREES, d ORBITALS IN FIVES AND f ORBITALS IN SEVENS. THEREFORE IN THE CASES OF p, d AND f ORBITALS EACH ONE REQUIRES SPECIFIC IDENTIFICATION IN ORDER TO DIFFERENTIATE ONE ORBITAL OF THE SAME TYPE FROM ANOTHER. 3
  4. 4. S ORBITAL SHAPE 1S 4
  5. 5. P ORBITAL SHAPES PX PY PZ 5
  6. 6. D ORBITAL SHAPES dz2 dyz dxz dxz dx2-y2 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. TYPES OF HYBRID ORBITALS & BONDS S ORBITAL OVERLAP SP BONDING SP2 BONDING SP3 BONDING LONE PAIR ELECTRONS MULTIPLE BONDS (DOUBLE & TRIPLE) SIGMA BONDS PI BONDS 8
  9. 9. WHEN TWO HYDROGEN ATOM COMBINE TO FORM H2 THE 1S ATOMIC ORBITALS OVERLAP EACHOTHER. THIS OVERLAP OF ATOMIC ORBITALS GIVES A NEW COMMON ORBITAL SPACE WHERE A PAIR OF BONDING ELECTRONS CAN RESIDE. THE GREATER THE OVERLAP THE STRONGER THE BOND BETWEEN THE ATOMS AND THE ATOMS MOVE CLOSER TOGETHER. A SHORTER BOND LENGTH AND GREATER BOND ENERGY RESULTS. 9
  10. 10. 1S ORBITAL OVERLAP IN H2 1S 1S H H 10
  11. 11. SP3 HYBRID ORBITALS IN CH4 11
  12. 12. 12 Click Here

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