Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
How to Protect Yourself and Your Computer Online <ul><li>Charles Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant and Educator </li><...
Outline <ul><li>Basic steps to safeguard your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Phishing and online fraud prevention </li></ul><u...
Computer Risks <ul><li>Malware literally refers to “bad software” - viruses, worms, spyware  </li></ul><ul><li>Malware typ...
Malware Prevention <ul><li>Software Updates </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-virus & anti-spyware  </li></ul><ul><li>Firewall  </li>...
Prevention - OS Updates <ul><li>Keep the operating system up-to-date via Automatic Updates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free serv...
Prevention <ul><li>Install anti-virus & anti-spyware programs  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are free and paid programs </li...
Prevention - Firewall <ul><li>Windows comes with a firewall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As of XP Service Pack 2, it should be on...
Prevention <ul><li>Be careful/suspicious of free software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you’ve heard about it from a reputable ...
Alternative Software <ul><li>Microsoft Windows and applications are a big target for the bad guys </li></ul><ul><li>Firefo...
Online Fraud <ul><li>Much online fraud is the same as offline fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Topics include: get rich quick, gove...
Online Fraud: Phishing <ul><li>Phishing typically refers to sending a fake email in order to collect personal information ...
Phishing Example
Phishing Example
Phishing Shut Down
Phishing Example
Number of New Phishing Sites Anti-Phishing Working Group October 2006
Why Does Phishing Work? <ul><li>Cheap: send millions of messages for very little cost - even small conversion rate pays </...
How to Avoid Phishing <ul><li>Remember, your bank (or any other business) will never ask you for personal information - “j...
Conclusion <ul><li>Keep your software up-to-date </li></ul><ul><li>Use anti-virus/spyware, up-to-date </li></ul><ul><li>Vi...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

How To Protect Yourself and Your Computer Online

1,562 views

Published on

This is a talk I gave at the Monmouth Senior Center in February 2009.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

How To Protect Yourself and Your Computer Online

  1. 1. How to Protect Yourself and Your Computer Online <ul><li>Charles Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant and Educator </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Basic steps to safeguard your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Phishing and online fraud prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Just hitting the high points </li></ul>
  3. 3. Computer Risks <ul><li>Malware literally refers to “bad software” - viruses, worms, spyware </li></ul><ul><li>Malware typically arrives w/o your knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful what you intentionally install </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Malware Prevention <ul><li>Software Updates </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-virus & anti-spyware </li></ul><ul><li>Firewall </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful/suspicious of free software </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Microsoft alternatives </li></ul>
  5. 5. Prevention - OS Updates <ul><li>Keep the operating system up-to-date via Automatic Updates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free service from Microsoft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be slow over dial-up </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Prevention <ul><li>Install anti-virus & anti-spyware programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are free and paid programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MS has free program - Defender </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These programs must be kept up-to-date, too </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A bigger problem for dial-up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Run regular scans </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prevention - Firewall <ul><li>Windows comes with a firewall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As of XP Service Pack 2, it should be on by default </li></ul></ul><ul><li>External hardware firewalls also available - built-in to broadband? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Prevention <ul><li>Be careful/suspicious of free software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you’ve heard about it from a reputable source, should be OK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If a program arrives via email - BAD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use Google to check for complaints about the software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the name of program plus words like “spyware” or “virus” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Alternative Software <ul><li>Microsoft Windows and applications are a big target for the bad guys </li></ul><ul><li>Firefox is a free web browser - safer than Internet Explorer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still needs updates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thunderbird is a free email program </li></ul><ul><li>Macintosh - not impervious but less of a target and safer </li></ul>
  10. 10. Online Fraud <ul><li>Much online fraud is the same as offline fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Topics include: get rich quick, government grants, IRS checks, false charities, stimulus checks, foreclosure prevention, debt consolidation </li></ul><ul><li>If it sounds too good to be true... </li></ul>
  11. 11. Online Fraud: Phishing <ul><li>Phishing typically refers to sending a fake email in order to collect personal information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can even be a phone call - “vishing” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A type of “social engineering” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Target information: bank account, PayPal, eBay, AOL </li></ul>
  12. 12. Phishing Example
  13. 13. Phishing Example
  14. 14. Phishing Shut Down
  15. 15. Phishing Example
  16. 16. Number of New Phishing Sites Anti-Phishing Working Group October 2006
  17. 17. Why Does Phishing Work? <ul><li>Cheap: send millions of messages for very little cost - even small conversion rate pays </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to track: email is hard to trace back to senders, often hijacked computers </li></ul><ul><li>Web site registrations are cheap and pretty anonymous </li></ul>
  18. 18. How to Avoid Phishing <ul><li>Remember, your bank (or any other business) will never ask you for personal information - “just say no” </li></ul><ul><li>Do not enter any personal information on a web page after clicking on an email link </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enter the web address yourself by hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a victim until you react to message </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do not fill out forms within email messages </li></ul>
  19. 19. Conclusion <ul><li>Keep your software up-to-date </li></ul><ul><li>Use anti-virus/spyware, up-to-date </li></ul><ul><li>Vista should help </li></ul><ul><li>Be suspicious of email asking for personal information </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of the “scam du jour” </li></ul>

×