Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review 1

674 views

Published on

City of San Diego's General Plan and a prototypical Community Plan (San Ysidro) which have strong policies for sustainability and environmental justice

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
674
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
61
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review 1

  1. 1. Advancing Sustainability in Discretionary Review Nancy Bragado, City of San Diego, General Plan Sara Lyons, City of San Diego, San Ysidro Community Plan Sachin Kalbag, Centre City Green Kathleen Garcia, Former San Diego Planning Commissioner November 3, 2010
  2. 2. Planning for Sustainability APA California November 3, 2010 Nancy Bragado Sara Lyons
  3. 3. • City of San Diego General Plan – Comprehensive plan for growth and development unanimously adopted by the City Council in March 2008 – Smart growth approach tailored for San Diego – Relies on infill development to meet City’s needs – Sustainability policies integrated throughout plan
  4. 4. General Plan Overview – Guided by 10 Principles and City of Villages Strategy – Represents a shift in focus from how we develop vacant land to how we invest in our existing communities – Emphasis on combining housing, employment, schools, civic uses at different scales, in village centers – Strategy works to preserve established residential neighborhoods and open spaces – Achieve high quality of life, address mobility and facilities needs, and manage the City’s continued growth
  5. 5. New Requirement: AB 32 - Address Climate Change
  6. 6. ON-ROAD TRANSPORTATI ON 46% ELECTRICITY 25% NATURAL GAS END USES 9% CIVIL AVIATION 5% INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES AND PRODUCTS 5% OTHER FUELS/OTHER 4% OFF-ROAD EQUIPMENT AND VEHICLES 4% WASTE 2% AGRICULTURE/F ORESTRY/LAND USE 2% RAIL 1% WATER-BORNE NAVIGATION 0.4% San Diego Regional GHG Inventory Project Results Source: www.sandiego.edu/epic GHG Emissions for San Diego County (2006)
  7. 7. GHG Inventory Project Results www.sandiego.edu/epic 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2006 Levels 2020 BAU Projections AB 32 Target Executive Order S-3-05 Target (2050) MMTCO2E Hypothetical GHG Emissions Reduction Targets San Diego County
  8. 8. San Diego 2050 Impacts • Climate will be hotter and drier • Sea level 12-18 inches higher • Severe water shortage • More intense and frequent wildfires • Public health at risk • Loss of native plant and animal species • Energy needs Source: San Diego Foundation Focus 2050 Study
  9. 9. Climate Change Addressed Throughout the General Plan
  10. 10. General Plan: Land Use as a Sustainability Strategy • Population is growing – How to plan for growth responsibly and to achieve sustainability goals? • City of Villages strategy – Links land use and transit planning – Distinctive, mixed use villages – Pedestrian oriented – Interconnected streets – Local destinations (stores, services, parks, schools) – Connected to transit – Distinctive public places
  11. 11. Village Propensity Map Village Propensity Map
  12. 12. Mobility Strategies Cars and trucks produce 46% of GHG emissions in San Diego County • Transit/Land Use Coordination • Multi-modal solutions – Walkable communities – Bicycle facilities – Streets and freeways – Transit and transit-orientation – Parking management – Transportation management • Toolboxes allow for tailored solutions • Regional Collaboration
  13. 13. Walkability – General Plan addresses: • Safety and accessibility – Safe Routes to Schools • Street Connectivity • Walkability • Lively, attractive streets – Toolbox of Solutions • Pedestrian Improvement Toolbox • Traffic Calming Toolbox • Parking Toolbox
  14. 14. Parking Toolbox: Supply and Demand Strategies Supply – Re-stripe streets for diagonal parking – Community parking facilities – Adjust regulations – Car lifts and mechanized garages – Code enforcement Demand – Parking meter districts – Residential permit parking districts – Transit upgrades – Car sharing – Parking pricing – Safe pedestrian and bicycle routes – Employee parking programs
  15. 15. Urban Design Historic Preservation • Create diverse, walkable, mixed-use villages • Design vibrant public spaces and prominent civic architecture • Public health co-benefits • Conserve resources and reduce construction debris
  16. 16. – Open space to define and link communities – Complement the environment and respect natural features
  17. 17. Sustainability Through Open Space Protections • Watershed, river parks, creek restoration, urban canyon lands – Ground water infiltration – Carbon sequestration – Biodiversity – Urban heat island • San Diego Multiple Species Conservation Program – Comprehensive habitat conservation planning – 49,230 acres (93% of City’s goal) are conserved or are obligated to be conserved.
  18. 18. Conservation Electricity use accounts for 25% of San Diego County GHG emissions • Specifically addresses climate change – Reduce carbon footprint – Green buildings/sustainable development • Conserve and manage resources – Water conservation – Energy efficiency and renewables – Waste management – Wastewater collection and treatment – Urban forestry • Open space preservation – Ecosystem role
  19. 19. General Plan Water Policies • Water Supply and Infrastructure – Increase alternative water sources – Provide and maintain infrastructure – Expand recycled water distribution system – Recognize water/energy nexus • Sustainable Development – Green buildings – Landscape design and maintenance Public Facilities and Conservation Elements
  20. 20. General Plan Water Policies Public Facilities and Conservation Elements • Water Conservation and management – Water conservation measures – Watershed protection – Groundwater and surface water resources management – Manage floodplains • Coordinated Planning – State and regional water resource planning – Water and land use planning – Development project review – Plan for emergencies and climate change impacts • Public Education
  21. 21. Water/Energy/Carbon Nexus
  22. 22. Economic Prosperity Element: Align Environmental Protection and Economic Competitiveness • Innovation Challenge • Business Incubator • Biomimicry Partnership • Green Workforce Training • Clean Enterprise Program
  23. 23. The General Plan Action Plan – Identifies actions (implementation measures) derived from General Plan goals and policies – Organized by GP Element and timeframe – Sets key implementation priorities – Helps to inform the budget process – Will be used for annual monitoring of the General Plan – Adopted July 2009
  24. 24. Climate MAP • Climate Mitigation & Adaptation Plan • Includes updated GHG inventory for City operations and community-at -large • Will incorporate prior city actions and new strategies • Prepared as a part of the City’s Sustainable Community Program • Environmental document to be prepared
  25. 25. 26 Regional Collaboration SANDAG • 2004 – Regional Comprehensive Plan (RCP) • 2006 – Smart Growth Concept Map • 2007 – Smart Growth Tool Box • 2010 – Climate Action Strategy • 2010 – Urban Area Transit Strategy • 2011 – Regional Transportation Plan – Sustainable Communities Strategy – Environmental review will address greenhouse gas emissions
  26. 26. Sustainability Tool: Land Development Code • Commercial/Mixed-Use zones • Pedestrian-Oriented Design standards • Parking reductions for mixed- use, transit proximity • Tandem parking in some areas • Bicycle parking & amenities • Small lot and townhouse zones • Landscape Standards – Street trees required – Turf limited – Water conservation mandates • Local Food - Community Gardens issues
  27. 27. Discretionary Project Review Affordable Housing and Sustainable Development Incentive Program
  28. 28. • Climate Protection • Land Use, Housing, Open Space • Mobility • Clean Tech and the Economy • Energy • Water • Waste Management • Storm Water
  29. 29. Implementation: Community Plans • Implement GP and SB 375 – Reduce GHG through land use and transportation planning – Reduce GHG through sustainable buildings and practices • Urban forestry • GHG analysis in CEQA documents • Vulnerability analysis • Adaptation • Public education role – Local Government Partnership
  30. 30. San Ysidro Community Planning Area City of San Diego Communities
  31. 31. San Ysidro Community
  32. 32. San Ysidro COMMUNITY PLAN UPDATE
  33. 33. Planning Considerations • Proximity to Land Port of Entry • Excellent trolley access • Intermodal Transit Center • Improve connectivity throughout community • Pilot Village location • Environmental Justice
  34. 34. Key Objectives • An attractive international border destination • Leverage bicultural and historic traditions and diversity • Mix of land uses that serves residents and generates prosperity • Increase mobility through a border intermodal center and create a strong pedestrian focus • Identify urban parks, plazas, and promenade • Identify trail options and joint use opportunities; promote a healthy , active community • Incorporate sustainability, address environmental justice, and contribute to a strong economy • Provide a lively, pedestrian-friendly, healthy environment • Facilitate the development of the Mi Pueblo Village • Craft a clear and practical implementation strategy
  35. 35. San Ysidro Open Space and Parks “…a full and varied range of recreational opportunities accessible to all San Ysidro residents…” (San Ysidro Community Plan page 93.) Open Space • Dairy Mart Ponds • Floodplains • Tijuana River Valley • Steep hillsides Parks • Mini Parks and Plazas • Joint Use opportunities • Open areas at gateways • Beyer Park
  36. 36. Village Propensity
  37. 37. Community Plan Level: San Ysidro Village designations to occur in community plan Mi Pueblo Pilot Village Housing Pathways to Knowledge Plazas Restaurant, Mercado, kiosks, and offices
  38. 38. Intermodal Transportation Center Concept
  39. 39. San Ysidro Local topics related to Mobility The Border and Port of Entry Congestion within the community Barriers: Rail, Freeways Sidewalk improvements Connectivity We are not starting from scratch: San Ysidro Port of Entry Reconfiguration Mobility Study - January 2010 San Ysidro Mobility Strategy - January 2009 City’s Bicycle Master Plan City’s Pedestrian Master Plan
  40. 40. Mobility - Pedestrians
  41. 41. Mobility - Transit
  42. 42. • New inspection protocols in Mexico and the U.S. are causing southbound delays at the border. • Southbound inspections are a new reality of border for both U.S. and Mexico alike. • Drivers trying to minimize their time in queue, creating traffic congestion on on- ramps, off-ramps, and city streets around the port of entry • Quality of life and Environmental Justice issues San Ysidro Land Port of Entry
  43. 43. Border Crossing Concept Images created by The Miller Hull Partnership
  44. 44. San Ysidro Land Port of Entry Master Plan
  45. 45. General Plan: http://www.sandiego.gov/planning/genplan/index.shtml General Plan Action Plan: http://www.sandiego.gov/planning/genplan/index.shtml San Ysidro Community Plan Update Website http://www.sandiego.gov/planning/community/cpu/sanysidro/

×