The Litigation Hold

  Systems, Processes & Challenges

 Understanding & Representing your
          Business Client



  ...
•  Determine the point at which it is necessary
 to implement a litigation hold
 •  Has a subpoena been issued or a lawsui...
•  “The obligation to preserve evidence arises when
 the party has notice that the evidence is relevant
 to litigation or ...
•  “[T]he failure to issue a written litigation hold constitutes gross
  negligence because that failure is likely to resu...
•  “Once a ‘litigation hold’ is in place, a party
 and her counsel must make certain that all
 sources of potentially rele...
•  Will the litigation hold be implemented to
 involve an entire IT system?
 •  Is it manageable?

•  If the burden of com...
•  It is important to document every step of the
 litigation hold process.
 •  Date and rationale for instituting a hold
 ...
•  Corporate retention policies

•  Following policies & identifying exceptions

•  Overkill

•  Costs & burdens

•  Hold ...
•  What IT systems, software & policies regarding
 document retention does the client have.

•  What is the budget & costs...
•  Determine how a litigation hold will be
 communicated and who will manage each of the
 separate tasks.

•  Who will con...
•  For a large organization with recurring litigation,
 utilizing litigation hold software is a “no-brainer.”
 •  Automate...
•  A paper trail

•  Everything archived in one place

•  Getting a confirmation or acknowledgement
 from custodians

•  U...
•  There are a lot of vendors in the space, but there
 is a lot of infancy. There are only a few mature
 vendors.

•  Dete...
•  Merely automate communication of the
 litigation hold (a notice tool).

•  Forensics teams have access.

•  Document co...
•  Is the scope and breadth of the litigation hold
 reasonable and defensible?

•  How large is the case? What is the fina...
•  Conduct a conference
•  Discuss issues about preserving discoverable
 information

•  Discuss issues about disclosure o...
•  (D) Responding to a Request for Production of
 Electronically Stored Information.         The
 response may state an ob...
•  E) Producing the Documents or Electronically Stored
 Information.Unless otherwise stipulated or ordered by the
 court, ...
•  (e) Failure to Provide Electronically Stored
 Information.          Absent     exceptional
 circumstances, a court may ...
•  “Counsel must take affirmative steps to
 monitor compliance so that all sources of
 discoverable information are identi...
•  Follow up reminders
•  Refine the scope of the hold based on updated
 information and understanding of the case

•  Kee...
•  If you don’t release the hold in time, your
 litigation costs may increase substantially

•  Documents subject to the h...
The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day
The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day
The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day
The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day
The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day
The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day
The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day
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The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day

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Taken from the Second Annual Intermountain Discovery Conference on 9.24.10, this presentation shares an overview of Litigation Hold in light of Systems, Processes, and Challenges.

Speaker Expert: Daniel S. Day is a Senior Attorney with SUPERVALU, Inc. where he focuses on commercial litigation management, supervision of outside counsel, and dispute resolution in the areas of real estate, construction, business torts, contracts, intellectual property, bankruptcy, and antitrust for a leading national food and drug retail and supply distibution chain.

A member of the Board of Directors of the Association of Corporate Counsel, Mountain West Chapter, Mr. Day previously served as an attorney with Berman, Gaufin, Tomsic, and Savage of Salt Lake City. In his role with Berman, Gaufin, Tomsic, and Savage, Mr. Day was responsible for large complex business litigation to include business torts, securities fraud, contracts, constitutional law, antitrust, banking and utility regulation, bankruptcy, and employment law. Additionally, Mr. Day handled firm administrative responsibilities such as recruiting, insurance, employee benefits, including retirement plans, and other management assignments.

Source: Orange Legal Technologies (OrangeLT.com)

Published in: Technology
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The Litigation Hold – Systems, Processes and Challenges | Daniel S. Day

  1. 1. The Litigation Hold Systems, Processes & Challenges Understanding & Representing your Business Client Daniel S. Day
  2. 2. •  Determine the point at which it is necessary to implement a litigation hold •  Has a subpoena been issued or a lawsuit filed? •  Is litigation anticipated? •  Balancing the risks & weighing the burdens •  Avoid false alarms where there are only rumors or vague threats of litigation; threats made by a discredited plaintiff, or where the threats lack credibility.
  3. 3. •  “The obligation to preserve evidence arises when the party has notice that the evidence is relevant to litigation or when a party should have known that the evidence may be relevant to future litigation.” Zubulake v. UBS Warburg LLC, 220 F.R.D. 212, 216 (S.D. N.Y. 2003) (Zubulake IV). •  “Once a party reasonably anticipates litigation, it must suspend its routine document retention/ destruction policy and put in place a ‘litigation hold’ to ensure the preservation of relevant documents.” Id. at 218.
  4. 4. •  “[T]he failure to issue a written litigation hold constitutes gross negligence because that failure is likely to result in the destruction of relevant information.” The Pension Committee of the University of Montreal Pension Plan v. Banc of America Securities, LLC, 685 F. Supp. 456 (S.D. N.Y. 2010). •  The hold must direct employees (“key players”) to preserve all relevant records, paper and electronic •  Determine the scope •  Cover all potential document storage: laptops, PDA’s, smartphones, home computers, thumb drives, etc. •  Create a mechanism for collecting preserved records •  Cannot place total reliance on the employees without supervision of counsel
  5. 5. •  “Once a ‘litigation hold’ is in place, a party and her counsel must make certain that all sources of potentially relevant information are identified and placed ‘on hold,’ to the extent required.” Zubulake v. SBS Warburg LLC, 229 F.R.D. 422, 432 (S.D. N.Y. 2004) (Zubulake V).
  6. 6. •  Will the litigation hold be implemented to involve an entire IT system? •  Is it manageable? •  If the burden of compliance is placed on individual employees: •  Communications to preserve documents must be clear, and repeated. •  Follow up to ensure compliance is required.
  7. 7. •  It is important to document every step of the litigation hold process. •  Date and rationale for instituting a hold •  Names and titles of the key decision-makers or custodians •  Scope of the hold and how the parameters were determined •  A copy of the hold notice •  Dates hold notices were sent •  Who received the hold notices •  Date and rationale for releasing the hold
  8. 8. •  Corporate retention policies •  Following policies & identifying exceptions •  Overkill •  Costs & burdens •  Hold in place or collection
  9. 9. •  What IT systems, software & policies regarding document retention does the client have. •  What is the budget & costs considerations. •  What impact does the hold have on the business. •  What resources does the client have, can they manage it in-house or does it need to be outsourced. •  What is your client’s risk tolerance?
  10. 10. •  Determine how a litigation hold will be communicated and who will manage each of the separate tasks. •  Who will conduct the litigation hold interviews and how will outside counsel be involved? •  Make sure information is recorded and shared with outside counsel. •  Know the costs. Manage the costs. Reduce the costs.
  11. 11. •  For a large organization with recurring litigation, utilizing litigation hold software is a “no-brainer.” •  Automated communication •  Record of acknowledgements from records custodians •  Regular reminders and follow up communications •  Facilitate collection records in one place •  Generate reports
  12. 12. •  A paper trail •  Everything archived in one place •  Getting a confirmation or acknowledgement from custodians •  Updating the hold—automatic reminders
  13. 13. •  There are a lot of vendors in the space, but there is a lot of infancy. There are only a few mature vendors. •  Determine your requirements. •  Determine your budget. •  Attend a demonstration to make sure the vendor can perform to set requirements. •  Is the vendor system a work in progress or is it fully developed?
  14. 14. •  Merely automate communication of the litigation hold (a notice tool). •  Forensics teams have access. •  Document collection tool. •  Record and document collection efforts.
  15. 15. •  Is the scope and breadth of the litigation hold reasonable and defensible? •  How large is the case? What is the financial exposure? •  What will it cost to implement the litigation hold? What are the burdens on the system?
  16. 16. •  Conduct a conference •  Discuss issues about preserving discoverable information •  Discuss issues about disclosure or discovery of electronically stored information •  How will information be retained? •  In what form will documents be produced? •  What information is available or unavailable? •  Cost sharing •  Discuss scope of the litigation hold/resolve issues & problems
  17. 17. •  (D) Responding to a Request for Production of Electronically Stored Information. The response may state an objection to a requested form for producing electronically stored information. If the responding party objects to a requested form--or if no form was specified in the request--the party must state the form or forms it intends to use.
  18. 18. •  E) Producing the Documents or Electronically Stored Information.Unless otherwise stipulated or ordered by the court, these procedures apply to producing documents or electronically stored information: •  (i) A party must produce documents as they are kept in the usual course of business or must organize and label them to correspond to the categories in the request; •  (ii) If a request does not specify a form for producing electronically stored information, a party must produce it in a form or forms in which it is ordinarily maintained or in a reasonably usable form or forms; and •  (iii) A party need not produce the same electronically stored information in more than one form
  19. 19. •  (e) Failure to Provide Electronically Stored Information. Absent exceptional circumstances, a court may not impose sanctions under these rules on a party for failing to provide electronically stored information lost as a result of the routine, good-faith operation of an electronic information system.
  20. 20. •  “Counsel must take affirmative steps to monitor compliance so that all sources of discoverable information are identified and searched.” Zubulake v. SBS Warburg LLC, 229 F.R.D. 422, 432 (S.D. N.Y. 2004) (Zubulake V).
  21. 21. •  Follow up reminders •  Refine the scope of the hold based on updated information and understanding of the case •  Keep track of terminated employees •  Gather documents responsive to the litigation hold •  Release requests that are no longer relevant •  Use the meet & confer so that you don’t over- preserve and increase burdens & costs
  22. 22. •  If you don’t release the hold in time, your litigation costs may increase substantially •  Documents subject to the hold may be subject to other litigation •  Communicate and coordinate with IT and other departments

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