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Liberal democratic and Marxist/socialist countries are two different forms of government
found in the 20th century. Liberal democratic is a form of government where the majority rules
and works to the standards of progressivism. Additionally, there is freedom of each person in the
society as a human being. Everyone is subjected to equality, and there is the independence of
people (Eagles, Johnston and Holoman 65). Nonetheless, a socialist country has the government
or the public as a whole controlling the economy, including production and dispersion of goods
(Marx and Engels 30). Thus, the paper examines why communist revolution is not suitable in the
Kant recognizes individual freedom, equality and independence of members of the
society (74). However, the socialist approach does not understand the aspects of human life.
Socialism has had adverse impacts on economies across the globe. By nationalizing useful
resources and setting the administration under the control of authorities who have neither the
ability nor the inspiration to manage them proficiently, socialism makes people view themselves
not as independent, but instead as dependents of the state for each part of their prosperity (Smit
22). On the contrary, liberal democratic countries are efficient in their use of resources since
services and goods are produced based on demand, thus, minimize wastes.
In the book, Marxism and alienation Nicholas says that through estrangement and
alienation, communism seemed to lead man to the belief that the abolition of private property
would eliminate economic inequalities that would have created class conflict. The argument is
wrong since, most communist countries’ workers did not only suffer from impoverishing but also
alienation and estrangement. Employees did not enjoy their fruits of labor since all their work
benefited the wealthy (Churchich 65)
Many citizens living under communist States lack choices. They are forced to follow the
party and accept whatever jobs they are assigned. In such regimes, people feel little incentive to
work. Enterprises controlled by the government keep individuals working in harsh conditions.
Additionally, government officials running such places know how their employees help to
sustain the communist system. Thus, the workforce is monitored based on the belief that people
have the inability to act on their own. Many leaders in their positions used power to gain
supremacy and wealth while leaving their people to suffer in poverty. The political opposition
makes government officials assume that they can never be reported in organized crimes and
corruption. When such offenses are exposed, it becomes hard to punish the criminals of their
high-ranking State positions (Horowitz and Suchlicki 147)
The harm principle founded by John Stuart Mill holds that people’s actions should be
limited to prevent destruction to others. The theory sets out the use of power to restrict the right
to liberty. Communist regimes use such kind of approaches to ensure supremacy and wealth is
created by the leaders and, thus, suppresses the citizens to grow economically since the
government controls all the resources and uses the people to provide labor (Mill and Smith 316).
However, in liberal democratic countries, Kant’s tyranny of the majority is practiced since
individuals have the right to liberty, given that the government is formed through voting (Rosen
34). Also, communist countries centralize credit in the hand of the State using national banks. On
the contrary, communication is concentrated in the hand of the State to limit people from
accessing valuable information (Harrington, Salem and Zurabishvili 172).
Unemployment, poverty, rationing, and malnutrition have been the effects of
communism. Such regimes poorly manage government enterprises, making the citizens suffer in
the end. Employees are paid low wages and even sometimes end up being unpaid due to
mismanagement that translates into misappropriation of funds. On the other hand, political
democracy allows openness so that citizens can air their views in case leaders show any form of
incompetence (Fandel 26).
In communist China, women were oppressed over their association with men. They had
fewer options on what roles to play in the society. Their responsibilities were limited to
housewives, prostitutes or concubines. The female gender had no power over their lives. The
husbands made final decisions. In 1940, the country’s economy was on the failing end. One
major trade was the trafficking of girls into brothels. After the coming in of the communist party
of China, a change was made, whereby women rights were subjugated to the greater role of
running the country (Engelbert and Sawinski 196).
In conclusion, communist revolution is not a suitable form of government in the 21st
century because its ideology leads to slow economic and technological development. Also,
communist countries may fail to observe individual liberty and oppress citizens. Thus, political
democracy is the appropriate form of regime for the contemporary world. It allows human
freedom and development.
Churchich, Nicholas. Marxism and Alienation. London: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press;
Associated University Presses, 1990.
Eagles, Munroe, Larry Johnston and Christopher Holoman. The institutions of liberal democratic
states. Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2004.
Engelbert, Phillis and Diane M Sawinski. Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers: M - Z.. 2,
Volume 2. New York: Macmillan, 2001.
Fandel, Jennifer. communism. Mankato: Creative Education, 2008.
Harrington, Carol, Ayman Salem, and Tamara Zurabishvili. After Communism: Critical
Perspectives on Society and Sociology. New York: Conference publication, 2004.
Horowitz, Irving Louis and Jaime Suchlicki. Cuban Communism: 1959-2003. New Brunswick
(U.S.A.): Transaction Publishers, 2003.
Kant, Immanuel. Political writings. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engels. The Communist Manifesto. New York: International
Mill, John Stuart and G W Smith. John Stuart Mill's Social and Political Thought: Critical
Assessments. London; New York: Routledge, 1998.
Rosen, Allen D. Kant's theory of justice. New York: Cornell University Press, 1993.
Smit, P C. Economics: a southern African perspective. Juta: Kenwyn , 1996.
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