Creative writing in service 27-01-11


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Presentation showing English teachers how to help their students write creatively for exams. Also useful for creative writing tutors for all age groups

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Creative writing in service 27-01-11

  1. 1. Creative Writing Exercises for Junior Cycle English Derbhile Dromey
  2. 2. Benefits of Creative Writing – Personal Writing <ul><li>Take Advantage of Generous Marking Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to Write Creatively Significantly Improves Grade </li></ul><ul><li>Create Memorable Exam Essays </li></ul>
  3. 3. Benefits of Teaching Creative Writing - General <ul><li>Gives Structure to Their Thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Helps Them Engage with Set Texts </li></ul><ul><li>Insights Into Techniques Used by Writers </li></ul><ul><li>Quick Fix for Fridays </li></ul>
  4. 4. Outline of Presentation <ul><li>Overview of Exercises </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aim, Method, Relevance to Paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timing and Visual Aids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample the Merchandise – Practise of Exercises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion: Value of Teaching Creative Writing </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Personal Writing Exercises <ul><li>These exercises will show students how to </li></ul><ul><li>Get Material for Stories from their Own Lives </li></ul><ul><li>Hold the Interest of Readers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Character Sketch <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>To show how authors create characters </li></ul><ul><li>Timing : 15-20 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Aids: Photographs in Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Questions about people of significance in students’ lives, eg. Grandparents, inspiring people </li></ul>
  7. 7. Character Sketch <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Cut photograph out of paper and use as </li></ul><ul><li>basis to create character. </li></ul><ul><li>Create profile in 3 sections </li></ul><ul><li>Basic details – name, age, appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Personal details – family, hobbies </li></ul><ul><li>Secrets – a secret from their past no-one knows </li></ul>
  8. 8. Selling a Destination <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>To make stories more atmospheric </li></ul><ul><li>To identify ingredients that make places unique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual Aids: List of placenames or map of local area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 Minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevance: Questions about their local area or holidays </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Selling a Destination <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Give Your students a choice of two placenames to </li></ul><ul><li>choose from, familiar or foreign </li></ul><ul><li>Write a paragraph about one of the places in the style of a travel brochure </li></ul><ul><li>Describe scenery, local customs, people and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Run X-Factor style competition to vote for most popular holiday destination </li></ul>
  10. 10. Napoleon’s Bedroom <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Helps Students Be Inspired by the Ordinary </li></ul><ul><li>Show Effect of Time Period on Descriptions of Place </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Questions about favourite rooms, or asking them to imagine the lives of celebrities </li></ul>
  11. 11. Napoleon’s Bedroom <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine the bedroom of a historical figure or celebrity </li></ul><ul><li>Describe bedroom in 3 sections </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Details, what it looks like </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory Details, sounds, smells, feel </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Details, feelings about room, atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: Describe Their Own Bedroom and Views of It </li></ul>
  12. 12. The 24 Sheep <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Show students how to use both action and atmosphere to create a compelling story </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 20 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Questions asking students to describe an event or continue a story </li></ul>
  13. 13. The 24 Sheep <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Write two-paragraph story based on following scenario: </li></ul><ul><li>They are in their garden sunbathing when 24 </li></ul><ul><li>sheep burst in and start eating washing off the line </li></ul><ul><li>Par 1. Atmospheric, describe garden, weather </li></ul><ul><li>Par 2. Action, what happens when sheep get in and how they resolve problem </li></ul>
  14. 14. Functional Writing Exercises <ul><li>Goal of Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Give Students Practise in Structuring Pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Apply Imagination to Formal Structure Formats </li></ul>
  15. 15. Behind the Headlines <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Give practise in writing in a journalistic style </li></ul><ul><li>Identify ingredients that make story newsworthy </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Aids: Headlines from Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Insight into skills used by journalists for media sections </li></ul>
  16. 16. Behind the Headlines <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Give Each Student a Headline </li></ul><ul><li>They Write Story Behind Headline </li></ul><ul><li>Stories Cover 5 Ws of News </li></ul><ul><li>W hat </li></ul><ul><li>W ho </li></ul><ul><li>W hen </li></ul><ul><li>W here </li></ul><ul><li>W hy </li></ul>
  17. 17. 100-Word Diary <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Pick Out Most Important Elements of Story </li></ul><ul><li>How to Use Everyday Activities as Material for Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 15 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Practise in Diary Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for both Personal and Functional Writing Section </li></ul>
  18. 18. 100-Word Diary <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Write a Diary of Your Day in 100 Words </li></ul><ul><li>Greetings, Dates and Sign-Offs Not Included </li></ul><ul><li>Make Notes First About What to Include </li></ul><ul><li>Write Out Entry Summarising Events </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: Write Diary Entry for Character in Text They’re Studying </li></ul>
  19. 19. Book Review <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Gives Insight into How Fiction Works </li></ul><ul><li>Shows books have life beyond classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 20-30 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: If they know how fiction works, they’ll write more compelling reviews </li></ul>
  20. 20. Book Review <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine You’re a Bookseller </li></ul><ul><li>Write a Pitch Selling Your Current Book to Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Title and Plot </li></ul><ul><li>Genre </li></ul><ul><li>Who Would Read it </li></ul><ul><li>Why You Should Buy It </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: Write a review of the worst book you have ever read. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Adam’s Excuse Note <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage students to take a more creative </li></ul><ul><li>approach to letter writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives students practise in laying out letters </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Useful for all exercises based on letters </li></ul>
  22. 22. Adam’s Excuse Note <ul><li>Imagine you are Adam in Garden of Eden (revise story if necessary) </li></ul><ul><li>Write an excuse note to God, apologising for eating the apple and giving reason </li></ul><ul><li>Letter to be laid out with address, date, greeting and sign-off </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: Any situation where well-known person apologises for misdeed, eg. Politician, celebrity </li></ul>
  23. 23. Poetry Exercises <ul><li>Goals of Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate how poets use imagery, language and the senses to create poems </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Material for Lessons Dealing with Similes and Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Helps Students to Analyse and Decipher Meaning of Set Poems </li></ul>
  24. 24. If the Hat Fits <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Gives Practise in Creating Similes and Metaphors and Avoiding Cliches </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpens Descriptive Abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Helps students identify inventive imagery and comparison in set poems </li></ul>
  25. 25. If the Hat Fits <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Bring Unusual Hat Into Class, Students Pass it Around </li></ul><ul><li>Examine Hat and Write Sentence About it </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence Begins with This Hat Is/This Hat Is Like </li></ul><ul><li>Add to Challenge With List of Forbidden Words </li></ul>
  26. 26. Alphabet Soup <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages Students to Play with Words and Reduce </li></ul><ul><li>Inhibitions Around Language </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 20 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Helps them identify wordplay and its impact in set poems </li></ul>
  27. 27. Alphabet Soup <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Come Up with 26 Words to Match 26 Consecutive Letters of Alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>Form Words Into Sentences, eg, A B lack C at D rifted </li></ul><ul><li>Carry on Until Alphabet Finished </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: Write 26 Random Words, Choose 3 and Work them into One-Paragraph Story </li></ul>
  28. 28. Guess What <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates ‘show don’t tell’ – subtle descriptions have greater impact </li></ul><ul><li>Help Identify the Extraordinary Within the Ordinary </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Aids: Bring in 5-6 Interesting Objects if Classroom Bare </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Ability to Decode Hidden Messages in Set Poems </li></ul>
  29. 29. Guess What <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Pick an Object in the Classroom and Describe it </li></ul><ul><li>Without Saying What It is </li></ul><ul><li>Describe it Using Senses – What it Looks, Feels, Smells, Tastes and Sounds Like </li></ul><ul><li>Read out Description, Other Students Guess Object </li></ul><ul><li>Extension: Create Life Story for Object </li></ul>
  30. 30. Emotion Poem <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates Power of Emotions to Inspire </li></ul><ul><li>Shows How to Use Five Senses to Describe Emotions – Not Just Sight </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Helps Students Identify Emotions in Text Poems, Discover Emotions Are Universal </li></ul>
  31. 31. Emotion Poem <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Students Write a Poem Describing Emotion eg: Love </li></ul><ul><li>Line 1: Metaphor for Emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Line 2: Describe What Emotion Looks Like </li></ul><ul><li>Line 3: Sound Emotion Makes </li></ul><ul><li>Line 4: What Emotion Tastes Like </li></ul><ul><li>Line 5: What Emotion Feels Like </li></ul><ul><li>Line 6: Smell of Emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Line 7: Repeat of 1 st Line </li></ul>
  32. 32. Fiction Exercises <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Helps Students See Relevance of Set Novels </li></ul><ul><li>Practise Techniques Used by Author of Novel </li></ul><ul><li>Become More Familiar with Novel’s Characters, Theme, Setting and Style </li></ul>
  33. 33. 20 Questions <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Gives Insight into How Authors Make their Characters Believable and Interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Helps Students Become More Familiar with Characters </li></ul>
  34. 34. 20 Questions <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Pick Character From Novel and Write Character Sketch of them </li></ul><ul><li>Other Students Ask Questions to Guess Character </li></ul><ul><li>When They Have Guessed, Continue to Ask Questions to Learn More About Character </li></ul><ul><li>Not Allowed to Ask Questions with Yes or No Answers </li></ul>
  35. 35. Rough Justice <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights Theme of Novel, Demonstrates that Themes are Universal </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: One class period </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Aids: To Kill a Mockingbird, Pages 21-25 </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Helps them Identify Theme of Novel and Relate to Own Experience </li></ul>
  36. 36. Rough Justice <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Read Passage, Identify and Discuss Theme of Fighting for Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Transpose to Present Day Classroom, Injustice Against Student On Racial or Class Grounds </li></ul><ul><li>Student Defends Other Student, Pays Price </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: Version Relevant to Other Novels, Drawn from Student’s Life </li></ul>
  37. 37. Chinese Whispers <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Shows how to structure story and maintain momentum </li></ul><ul><li>Shows that story ends up in very different place from where it began </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: One class period </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Pinpoint Storytelling Techniques Use by Author in Set Text </li></ul>
  38. 38. Chinese Whispers <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Based on game Chinese Whispers, check familiarity with rules </li></ul><ul><li>Give set period of time to write first paragraph of story </li></ul><ul><li>Pass copy to person three seats away. </li></ul><ul><li>Student receives another copy and continues story in that copy </li></ul><ul><li>Pass on again, bring story to an end </li></ul>
  39. 39. Story Soup <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Creates awareness of ingredients in story and shows how to combine them </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 10-15 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Encourages students to think about how ingredients are combined in set novels </li></ul>
  40. 40. Story Soup <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Write name of animal, place and verb on sheet of paper, eg. Hyena, supermarket, skipping </li></ul><ul><li>Hand up paper, papers passed around choose one </li></ul><ul><li>Write story which includes the three words on paper </li></ul>
  41. 41. Drama Exercises <ul><li>Goal of Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Give Insight into Techniques Specific to Drama: </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue Creation </li></ul><ul><li>How Characters Behave in Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Scene Setting </li></ul>
  42. 42. You’ll Never Guess <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Shows how dialogue is used to get to heart of story and maintain momentum </li></ul><ul><li>Gives insight into how language used in dialogue differs from that of narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 15-20 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Insight into structure of dialogue in set play </li></ul>
  43. 43. You’ll Never Guess <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Create Dialogue in Pairs Based on Following Scenario </li></ul><ul><li>You are in a cafe waiting for your friend. They burst in, saying ‘You’ll Never Guess!’ </li></ul><ul><li>Continue writing dialogue from there. One describes event, one responds </li></ul><ul><li>Aim for natural style, bring to conclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: Write Version of Scenario from set play </li></ul>
  44. 44. Superhero Scale <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Gives insight into how characters behave in conflict situations </li></ul><ul><li>Shows role of character status in determining outcome of conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: One class period </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Gives insight into how characters in set plays relate to each other </li></ul>
  45. 45. Superhero Scale <ul><li>Method (Part 1) </li></ul><ul><li>Pick a Number from 1-12 to Denote Status of Character in Set Play </li></ul><ul><li>The Higher the Number, The More Confident a Character is </li></ul><ul><li>Write a Paragraph to Show How Status Manifests Itself in voice, gestures, body language and walk </li></ul>
  46. 46. Superhero Scale <ul><li>How to Determine Status - Brainstorm </li></ul><ul><li>High Status Low Status </li></ul><ul><li>Clear Voice Mutters </li></ul><ul><li>Confident Gestures Agitated </li></ul><ul><li>Good Eye Contact Looks Down </li></ul><ul><li>Strutting Walk Shuffling Walk </li></ul><ul><li>Characters with status numbers of 6-9 will fall somewhere in between </li></ul>
  47. 47. Superhero Scale – Part 2 <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Work in Pairs to Create Conflict Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario: One character wants to go out and the other character won’t allow them </li></ul><ul><li>Characters Behave According to Status </li></ul><ul><li>Ends with One Character Triumphant </li></ul><ul><li>Extension: Have student imagine progress of a dinner party between characters </li></ul>
  48. 48. Character Describes Scene <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Shows how setting of play adds to dramatic tension </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates importance of position of character within scene </li></ul><ul><li>Timing: 15-20 Minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance: Encourages Students to Pay Attention to Backdrop and Character Positioning in Set Plays </li></ul>
  49. 49. Character Describes Scene <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Student Becomes Character in Play </li></ul><ul><li>They describe what they see around them </li></ul><ul><li>Give Sensual and Emotional Details About Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Also Outline Their Own Position in the Scene and How it Affects them </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative: Imagine you are transported into world of play. What would you see? </li></ul>
  50. 50. Contact Details <ul><li>For Further Questions and to Book Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Please Contact </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>087 6959799/051 854426 </li></ul>