The function of education
is to teach one to think
intensively and to think
Intelligence + Character :
this is the goal of true
Martin Luther King
A teacher is one who
Effective classroom management / Organization
Ability to design lessons and activities
Rapport with students
To set noble example as role model.
To be receptive to new ideas from young minds,
even if they appear silly at times.
To be realistic in goals and objectives and
To adjust teaching strategies that go with the
classroom situations and conditions.
To make use of proper educational technology
and upgrade the same upon new arrivals.
To involve willingly and intensely in professional
meetings, seminars, workshops and exchanges.
To understand students myth about teaching in
To explore modern and innovative methods of
To understand the psychic side of the students.
To impart value education integrated with regular
To develop meaningful teacher-made
“Some people talk in their sleep. Lecturers
talk while other people sleep.”
– Albert Camus
More important than the curriculum is the
question of the method of teaching & the
spirit in which the teaching is given.
“A teacher who loves
learning earns the right
and the ability to help
― Ruth Beechick
If a child can’t learn the way we teach,
we should teach the way they learn .
A.V. aids are multisensory materials.
Produced, distributed and used as planned
components of educational programs.
Helps the process of learning that is motivation,
classification and stimulation.
Makes dynamic learning experience more
concrete realistic and clarity.
According to Carter .V. Good:
Audio visual aids are those aids which help in
completing the triangular process of learning that is
motivation, classification and stimulation.
According to Edger Dale:
Audio visual aids are those devices by the use of which
communication of ideas between persons and groups in
various teaching and training situations is helped. These
are also termed as multi sensory materials.
Should function as an integral part of the educational program.
Should be carefully located to eliminate duplication, easy
accessibility and convenient use
Should be available whenever and wherever they needed for
effective utilization as an integral part of curriculum.
Periodic evaluation to be done to assess the function of, utilization
and expenditure of the program.
Ø Meaningful and purposeful
Motivates the learners
Accurate in every aspect
Simple and cheap
Large in size
1) To retain more concept permanently.
2) Students can learn better when they are motivated
properly through different teaching aids.
3) Develop the proper image when the students see, hear
taste and smell properly.
4) Create the environment of interest for the students.
5) Helps the teacher to get sometime and make learning
6) Provide direct experience to the students.
Reinforce what you are saying,
Ensure that your point is understood,
Signal what is important/essential,
Enable students to visualise or experience something that
is impractical to see or do in real life,
Engage students’ other senses in the learning process,
Facilitate different learning styles.
An analysis of the use of teaching aids and the implications
for teaching and learning mathematics in Qwaqwa phase one
schools (South Africa). Maduna, Mamokhele Julia
Effects of AV aids in students’ Learning at Secondary levels in :
Rawalpindi : Murtaza, Ali; Ud Din, Muhammad Naseer; Khan,
The use of audio-visual aids in intermediate stage schools for
girls in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia : Jamal AI-Sharhan
-Berkeley Compedium of
suggestions for Teaching
-CELT- Collective Essays on
Learning & Teaching
-CETL- Centre for Excellence
in Teaching & Learning
-LIFTS- Little Ideas for
-MERLOT – Multimedia
Education Resource for
Learning &Online Teaching
-NEXT- Narrative Supporting
No matter how bad
idea seems to be, no
mistake is worse than
If your first idea is
another and another