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Can adults learn in group writing?

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Personal Development of adults in writing groups; combining concepts of change, learning, interaction, flexibility and Sense of Coherence to arrive at an operational definition of Personal Development.

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Can adults learn in group writing?

  1. 1. Personal Development in Structured Writing Groups of adults from a general, non-clinical population 1Tuesday, 16 July 13
  2. 2. Personal Development, what is it in this study? operational definition 2Tuesday, 16 July 13
  3. 3. Personal Development, what is it in this study? operational definition Perceivable change towards lasting flexibility in 2Tuesday, 16 July 13
  4. 4. Personal Development, what is it in this study? operational definition Perceivable change towards lasting flexibility in behaviour, 2Tuesday, 16 July 13
  5. 5. Personal Development, what is it in this study? operational definition Perceivable change towards lasting flexibility in behaviour, cognition, 2Tuesday, 16 July 13
  6. 6. Personal Development, what is it in this study? operational definition Perceivable change towards lasting flexibility in behaviour, cognition, emotion, 2Tuesday, 16 July 13
  7. 7. Personal Development, what is it in this study? operational definition Perceivable change towards lasting flexibility in behaviour, cognition, emotion, coping, 2Tuesday, 16 July 13
  8. 8. Personal Development, what is it in this study? operational definition Perceivable change towards lasting flexibility in behaviour, cognition, emotion, coping, intra- and interpersonal communication 2Tuesday, 16 July 13
  9. 9. my metaphor 3Tuesday, 16 July 13
  10. 10. Personal Development is the container for all concepts: the contour of the tree 4Tuesday, 16 July 13
  11. 11. A flexible tree is resilient, it can grow in various ways 5Tuesday, 16 July 13
  12. 12. Rigid trees are vulnerable 6Tuesday, 16 July 13
  13. 13. parts observed for changing flexibility emotion cognition coping communication behaviour 7Tuesday, 16 July 13
  14. 14. Sense of Coherence What holds the ‘tree’ together is the core self image 8Tuesday, 16 July 13
  15. 15. A high Sense of Coherence means You can make sense of the world you live in. You feel that you can cope with what you encounter. Your life feels meaningful. SoC concept and scale developed by Aaron Antonovsky, 1979, 1987 cross-culturally validated to correlate with healthy ageing 9Tuesday, 16 July 13
  16. 16. Vectors of development over time going from younger to older age static to moving rigid to supple fixed to permeable, adaptive boundaries vulnerable to resilient, resourceful none or few to more options/choices 10Tuesday, 16 July 13
  17. 17. more vectors of development going from Lower to higher feeling of agency More dependence to more autonomy Isolation to connectedness: external (with others) and internal (with aspects of self) other vectors are conceivable 11Tuesday, 16 July 13
  18. 18. Learning What is known What is not known Zone of Proximal Development with ‘more knowledgeable others’ = older people = society’s impact on education In adult groups everyone can be more knowledgeable to another in some way concepts taken from Lev Vygotsky, 1978 Model for cognitive learning in children 12Tuesday, 16 July 13
  19. 19. Learning in writing groups is: cognitive: skills of communication with others and with self AND affective: how to be safe with others Feeling safe enhances openness to learning 13Tuesday, 16 July 13
  20. 20. • Generative Learning is a logical model of levels: each level is of a different logical type, a higher abstraction, than the members it classifies Personal Development is a form of Generative Learning concepts developed by Gregory Bateson, 1964 A change in the frame of reference, a shift to higher-order thinking, creates ever more changes 14Tuesday, 16 July 13
  21. 21. How Generative Learning connects to the other concepts • To reach a ‘higher’ level - ‘meta’ to the one below - a process of increasing openness and integration of learning is necessary • Learning requires Openness, which is a prerequisite for flexibility as defined in this study • Integration of learning means fitting new information to the existing coherent structure of the self 15Tuesday, 16 July 13
  22. 22. System-dynamic process of personal development by writing in a group • structured writing exercises and group interaction stimulate flexibility bound by coherence 16Tuesday, 16 July 13

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