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SHAKESPEARE: IAMBIC PENTAMETER

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SHAKESPEARE: IAMBIC PENTAMETER

  1. 1. William Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet Act 1 Scene 5 Sonnet / Iambic Pentamter
  2. 2. <ul><li>ROMEO </li></ul><ul><li>If I profane with my unworthiest hand </li></ul><ul><li>This holy shrine, the gentle fine is this : </li></ul><ul><li>My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand </li></ul><ul><li>To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss </li></ul>1st Quatrain (4 line stanza) in rhyme scheme A B A B
  3. 3. <ul><li>JULIET </li></ul><ul><li>Good pilgrim, you do wrong your hand too much , </li></ul><ul><li>Which mannerly devotion shows in this </li></ul><ul><li>For saints have hands that pilgrims' hands do touch </li></ul><ul><li>And palm to palm is holy palmers' kiss </li></ul>2nd Quatrain (4 line stanza) in rhyme scheme C D C D
  4. 4. <ul><li>ROMEO </li></ul><ul><li>Have not saints lips, and holy palmers too </li></ul><ul><li>JULIET </li></ul><ul><li>Ay, pilgrim, lips that they must use in prayer . </li></ul><ul><li>ROMEO </li></ul><ul><li>Then, dear saint, let lips do what hands do </li></ul><ul><li>They pray, grant thou, lest faith turn to despair </li></ul>3rd Quatrain (4 line stanza) in rhyme scheme E F E F
  5. 5. <ul><li>JULIET </li></ul><ul><li>Saints do not move, though grant for prayers' sake . </li></ul><ul><li>ROMEO </li></ul><ul><li>Then move not, while my prayer's effect I take </li></ul>Couplet (2 line stanza) in rhyme scheme GG
  6. 6. <ul><li>First quatrain : An exposition of the main theme and main metaphor . </li></ul><ul><li>Second quatrain : Theme and metaphor extended or complicated; often, some imaginative example is given. </li></ul><ul><li>Third quatrain : Peripeteia ( twist or conflict ), often introduced by a &quot;but&quot; (very often leading off the ninth line ). </li></ul><ul><li>Couplet : Summarizes and leaves the reader with a new, concluding image . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1st Quatrain sets up metaphor of Romeo as unworthy yet aggressive Pilgrim </li></ul><ul><li>2nd Quatrain extends metaphor previously established and complicates it with the idea of Juliet as a saint </li></ul><ul><li>3rd Quatrain introduces the dilemma of the kiss . Also foreshadows future conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Couplet concludes they will kiss however Juliet will not actively participate ; she allows Romeo to act . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>When Romeo and Juliet meet they speak just fourteen lines before their first kiss. These fourteen lines make up a shared sonnet (resembles a relationship). </li></ul><ul><li>A sonnet is a perfect, idealized poetic form often used to write about love . Encapsulating the moment of origin of Romeo and Juliet’s love within a sonnet therefore creates a perfect match between literary content and formal style. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The use of the sonnet also serves a second, darker purpose . </li></ul><ul><li>The play’s Prologue is a single sonnet of the same rhyme scheme as Romeo and Juliet’s shared sonnet (iambic pentameter). </li></ul><ul><li>The Prologue sonnet introduces the play and, through its description of Romeo and Juliet’s eventual death, also creates the sense of fate that permeates Romeo and Juliet. </li></ul><ul><li>The shared sonnet therefore creates a formal link between their love and their destiny . With a single sonnet, Shakespeare finds a means of expressing perfect love and linking it to a tragic fate . </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>Opposition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word Play </li></ul></ul>Shakespeare’s Craft
  11. 11. <ul><li>Yay…Done with Summer Semester! </li></ul>

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