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Renaissance artists' work


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    In the church of Fraga (Aragon-Spain) were tested vaulted new techniques to suggest the Jesus face.



    En la iglesia de Fraga (ARAGON-España) se ensayaron nuevas técnicas de abovedado para sugerir un rostro de Jesús.

    ROSTRO SUBLIMINAL: En la iglesia de Fraga (ARAGON-España) ensayaron sugerir un rostro de Jesús.
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Renaissance artists' work

  1. 1. The Art of the Italian Renaissance
  2. 2. Art and Patronage <ul><li>Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian banking & international trade interests had the money. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public art in Florence was organized and supported by guilds. </li></ul>Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a form of competition for social & political status!
  3. 3. Charateristics of Renaissance Art
  4. 4. 1. Realism & Expression <ul><li>Expulsion from the Garden </li></ul><ul><li>Masaccio </li></ul><ul><li>1427 </li></ul><ul><li>First nudes since classical times . </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Perspective Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! First use of linear perspective! Perspective! Perspective! <ul><li>The Trinity </li></ul><ul><li>Masaccio </li></ul><ul><li>1427 </li></ul>What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become.
  6. 6. Perspective
  7. 7. 3. Classicism <ul><li>Greco-Roman influence. </li></ul><ul><li>Secularism. </li></ul><ul><li>Humanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism  free standing figures. </li></ul><ul><li>Symmetry/Balance </li></ul>The “Classical Pose” Medici “Modest Venus” (1c)
  8. 8. 4. Emphasis on Individualism <ul><li>Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbino </li></ul><ul><li>Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466. </li></ul>
  9. 10. 5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures <ul><li>The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>1469 </li></ul><ul><li>The figure as architecture! </li></ul>
  10. 11. 6. Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges Chiaroscuro Sfumato
  11. 12. Renaissance Florence
  12. 13. Lorenzo the Magnificent 1478 - 1521 Cosimo de Medici 1517 - 1574 PATRONS OF ITALIAN RENAISSANCE ART
  13. 14. <ul><li>Filippo Brunelleschi 1377 - 1436 </li></ul><ul><li>Architect </li></ul><ul><li>Cuppolo of St. Maria del Fiore </li></ul>
  14. 15. Filippo Brunelleschi <ul><li>Commissioned to build the cathedral dome. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used unique architectural concepts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used ribs for support. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Brunelleschi’s “Secret”
  16. 17. Brunelleschi’s Dome
  17. 18. Comparing Domes
  18. 19. Other Famous Domes Il Duomo St. Peter’s St. Paul’s US capital (Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)
  19. 20. The Renaissance 'Individual'
  20. 21. The Renaissance “Man” <ul><li>Broad knowledge about many things in different fields. </li></ul><ul><li>Deep knowledge/skill in one area. </li></ul><ul><li>Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>The Greek ideal of the “well-rounded man” was at the heart of Renaissance education. </li></ul>
  21. 22. 1. Self-Portrait -- da Vinci, 1512 1452 - 1519 <ul><li>Artist </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>Architect </li></ul><ul><li>Scientist </li></ul><ul><li>Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor </li></ul>
  22. 23. Leonardo, the Artist <ul><li>The Virgin of the Rocks </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>1483-1486 </li></ul>
  23. 25. Leonardo, the Artist: From his Notebooks of over 5000 pages (1508-1519)
  24. 26. Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa
  25. 27. Mona Lisa – da Vinci, 1503-4 ?
  26. 28. Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??
  27. 29. Leonardo’s Last Supper
  28. 30. The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498 & Geometry
  29. 31. horizontal vertical Perspective! The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498
  30. 32. <ul><li>Detail of Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>The Last Supper </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>1498 </li></ul>Deterioration
  31. 33. A Da Vinci “Code”: St. John or Mary Magdalene?
  32. 34. Leonardo’s Annunciation
  33. 35. Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook <ul><li>An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature. </li></ul>
  34. 36. Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook
  35. 37. Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook
  36. 38. Man Can Fly?
  37. 39. A study of siege defenses . Studies of water-lifting devices. Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from his Notebook
  38. 40. Michelangelo’s David
  39. 42. Michelangelo’s Pieta
  40. 43. Michelangelo’s Painting of the Sistine Chapel
  41. 46. Michelangelo’s Wall in Sistine chapel
  42. 47. Raphael’s School of Athens-it follows on next slide!!!
  43. 49. The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 -11 <ul><li>One point perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included  all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts ! </li></ul><ul><li>A great variety of poses. </li></ul><ul><li>Located in the papal apartments library. </li></ul><ul><li>Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel. </li></ul><ul><li>No Christian themes here. </li></ul>
  44. 50. DaVinci as Plato looks to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. Aristotle saying looks to this earth [the here and now] teacher!
  45. 53. Averroes Hypatia Pythagoras
  46. 55. Zoroaster Ptolemy Euclid
  47. 56. Raphael!
  48. 57. Donatello’s David
  49. 59. Botticelli’s Primavera
  50. 60. Primavera – Botticelli, 1482 Depicted classical gods as almost naked and life-size.
  51. 61. Botticelli’s Birth of Venus follows on next slide!
  52. 62. Birth of Venus – Botticelli, 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty.
  53. 65. Characteristics of Northern Renaissance Art <ul><li>The continuation of late medieval attention to details. </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency toward realism & naturalism [less emphasis on the “classical ideal”]. </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in landscapes. </li></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on middle-class and peasant life. </li></ul><ul><li>Details of domestic interiors. </li></ul><ul><li>Great skill in portraiture. </li></ul>
  54. 66. Jan van Eyck Arnolfini Marriage NORTHERN RENAISSANCE
  55. 67. Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife (Wedding Portrait) Jan Van Eyck 1434
  56. 69. Massys’ The Moneylender & His Wife , 1514
  57. 72. Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) <ul><li>The greatest of German artists. </li></ul><ul><li>A scholar as well as an artist. </li></ul><ul><li>His patron was the Emperor Maximilian I. </li></ul><ul><li>Also a scientist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote books on geometry, fortifications, and human proportions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self-conscious individualism of the Renaissance is seen in his portraits. </li></ul><ul><li> Self-Portrait at 26 , 1498. </li></ul>
  58. 73. Dürer Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse woodcut, 1498
  59. 74. “ The Ambassadors” ~ Hans Holbein the Younger How in the world did he paint this skull to look skewed and slanted?
  60. 75. Holbein’s, The Ambassadors , 1533 A Skull
  61. 76. Multiple Perspectives
  62. 77. Hieronymus Bosch The Garden of Earthy Delights 1500
  63. 78. Hieronymus Bosch The Garden of Earthy Delights (details) 1500
  64. 79. Hieronymus Bosch The Cure of Folly 1478-1480
  65. 80. Bruegel’s, Tower of Babel , 1563
  66. 81. Bruegel’s, The Beggars , 1568
  67. 82. Bruegel’s, Parable of the Blind Leading the Blind , 1568
  68. 83. El Greco Christ in Agony on the Cross 1600s
  69. 84. El Greco Portrait of a Cardinal 1600