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Alzheimer’S Disease Powerpoint Perng Wendy


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Alzheimer’S Disease Powerpoint Perng Wendy

  1. 1. ALZHEIMER’S DISEASEBy: Wendy Perng
  2. 2. Abstract Alzheimer’s disease has been researched for years and still it has no cure. AD involves shrinkage of the brain tissue, neurofibrillary nerve tangles, and deposits of tau proteins in the brain. Symptoms include change in behavior, impulsivity, social adequate and family recognition. Alzheimer’s disease is often related with aging, but there are studies of other factors as well. It is affected all over the world in all different cultures and ethnicities. Family caretakers hold an extreme responsibility with their loved ones. It is more than a full time job. It is a change of lifestyle and often giving up a lot of time and jobs.
  3. 3. Introduction First case of Alzheimer’s disease was in 1906 Dr. Alois Alzheimer diagnosed his patient with the disease. Currently affects 5.1 million people in the world (Alzheimer’s Association, 2007)
  4. 4. Biological Components No set diagnosis and no set symptoms  Some cases are diagnosed very slowly Often times, it is a prefrontal dominance disease (Delacourte, 1999) Symptoms include disorientation, dementia, and differences in social behavior
  5. 5. Biological Components (cont…) Many AB plaques were discovered (Drzezga, 2008) Arguments about the relevance of Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease a. Alzheimer’s Disease forms alongside aging naturally from a younger age and only affects the person when they are older b. Alzheimer’s is completely dependent on age, therefore only starts developing when the person gets too old c. Chemicals and Pathogens in the environment are a main reason that Alzheimer’s Disease develops
  6. 6. Hereditary and Culture Gräsbeck, Horstmann, Nilsson, Sjöbeck, Sjöström, & Gustafson, L. (2005) studied frontotemporal dementia and organic dementia. Limited research on other cultures and ethnicities that have Alzheimer’s disease African Americans may have a higher risk of developing AD (Dilworth-Anderson & Gibson, 1999) while Native Americans may be in the lowest category
  7. 7. Hereditary and Culture (cont…) Head Traumas and other injury Different environments can have different outcomes of Alzheimer’s disease Anderson and Gibson’s study in 1999,  Dilworth- Japanese Americans in King Country, Washington has a lower percentage of AD than Japanese Americans living in Hawaii.
  8. 8. Family and Caretakers Main caregivers are family Responsibility increases over time Often times, family members must sacrifice their jobs and time to take care of their loved one. Counseling for those who are caretakers is strongly recommended.
  9. 9. Conclusion Alzheimer’s disease has proven to be a very complicated and stressful disease. There is no cure and it is often difficult to diagnose. AD is related to aging, environmental and lifestyle issues. In some cases, there are genetic risks and factors. Families that have loved ones with AD need a lot of patience and knowledge about the disease. Through support of family members and friends and counseling, they can provide the care and lifestyle that their loved one needs. Alzheimer’s may be a very difficult disease to be a part of, but it is not impossible. Millions of families throughout the years, in every different ethnicity and culture, have shown their persistence in fighting this disease and keeping their family member close.
  10. 10. ReferencesCzekanski, K. E. (2007). The experience of transitioning to the caregiving role for a family member with alzheimers disease or a related dementia. Duquesne University).ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, Retrieved from, A. (1999). Biochemical and molecular characterization of neurofibrillary degeneration in frontotemporal dementias.Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 10(14208008), 75-75-9. Retrieved from, P., & Gibson, B. E. (1999).Ethnic minority perspectives on dementia, family caregiving, and interventions.Generations, 23(3), 40-40-45. Retrieved from
  11. 11. References (cont…)Drzezga, A. (2008). Basic pathologies of neurodegenerative dementias and their relevance for state-of-the-art molecular imaging studies.European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 35(16197070), 4-S4-11.doi:10.1007/s00259-007-0697-6Gräsbeck, A., Horstmann, V., Nilsson, K., Sjöbeck, M., Sjöström, H., & Gustafson, L. (2005).Dementia in first-degree relatives of patients with frontotemporal dementia.Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 19(2-3), 145-145-53. Retrieved from, V. B., Lewis, J. E., Feaster, D. J., &Czaja, S. J. (2006). The role of family functioning in the stress process of dementia caregivers: A structural family framework.The Gerontologist, 46(1), 97-97-105. Retrieved from
  12. 12. References (cont…)Patterson, C., Feightner, John W,M.D., M.Sc, Garcia, A., Hsiung, G. R., MacKnight, C., &Sadovnick, A. D. (2008). Diagnosis and treatment of dementia: 1. risk assessment and primary prevention of alzheimer disease.Canadian Medical Association.Journal, 178(5), 548-548-56. Retrieved from, M., Joling, K., van Hout, H., &Mittelman, M. S. (2010). The process of family-centered counseling for caregivers of persons with dementia: Barriers, facilitators and benefits.International Psychogeriatrics, 22(5), 769-769- 77.doi:10.1017/S1041610210000050Whalley, L. J., Dick, F. D., & McNeill, G. (2006).A life-course approach to the aetiology of late-onset dementias.The Lancet Neurology, 5(1), 87-87-96. Retrieved from