Systems Intelligence  Thinking as Engineering Philosophy Esa Saarinen, Raimo P. Hämäläinen, Mikko Martela and Jukka Luoma ...
Our message <ul><li>Systems thinking and systems intelligence provide a fruitful lens through which to look at what engine...
Systems intelligence (SI) <ul><li>Intelligent  behaviour  in the context of complex systems involving interaction, dynamic...
Systems intelligence <ul><li>An endowment  people/engineers have and use </li></ul><ul><li>Involves both cognitive and rat...
Engineering philosophy <ul><li>Explicating and using the mindset of an engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Cornerstone text: </li><...
Koen’s perspective <ul><li>Engineering method : ”The use of heuristics to cause the best change in a poorly understood sit...
Engineering thinking as the Universal Method <ul><li>The human condition is to live in a world where change is necessary b...
Systems thinking in engineering philosophy <ul><li>Engineers work with and from within systems </li></ul><ul><li>How one f...
Widening the concept of heuristics <ul><li>Heuristic  as explicit and tool-like object (Koen) is not enough </li></ul><ul>...
Playing <ul><li>Is a deeply human way of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Playfulness enhances creativity and broadens the persp...
Frame: Too long waiting time for an elevator
Frame: Pleasant elevator experience
Systems intelligence as a metaheuristic <ul><li>Action-orientedness </li></ul><ul><li>Change for the better </li></ul><ul>...
SI as a metaheuristic to screen available heuristics <ul><li>Systems intelligence thinking is a way to screen available he...
SI as a metaheuristic to take the implicit into account <ul><li>Engaged in the world we need to act using what seems like ...
SI as a metaheuristic includes learning by playing <ul><li>The engineering method includes letting go of narrow task-orien...
Conclusion <ul><li>Systems intelligence  as a metaheuristic complements the description of engineering philosophy </li></u...
References <ul><li>On Systems Intelligence: </li></ul><ul><li>Saarinen, Esa and Raimo P. Hämäläinen. (2004). Systems intel...
References <ul><li>On engineering philosophy: </li></ul><ul><li>Koen, Billy V. (2003): Discussion of the Method: Conductin...
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Si And Engineering Philosophy Presentation 081110

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Si And Engineering Philosophy Presentation 081110

  1. 1. Systems Intelligence Thinking as Engineering Philosophy Esa Saarinen, Raimo P. Hämäläinen, Mikko Martela and Jukka Luoma Helsinki University of Technology Systems Analysis Laboratory esa@hut.fi, raimo@hut.fi, mikko.martela@tkk.fi, jukka.luoma@tkk.fi www.systemsintelligence.hut.fi
  2. 2. Our message <ul><li>Systems thinking and systems intelligence provide a fruitful lens through which to look at what engineering philosophy really is: </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers face systemic challenges in systemic environments </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding the concept of heuristics to include explicit heuristics, implicit heuristics-in-use, and metaheuristics </li></ul><ul><li>Playing is an essential part of the engineering mindset </li></ul>
  3. 3. Systems intelligence (SI) <ul><li>Intelligent behaviour in the context of complex systems involving interaction, dynamics and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>A subject acting with Systems Intelligence engages successfully and productively with the holistic feedback mechanisms of her environment </li></ul>
  4. 4. Systems intelligence <ul><li>An endowment people/engineers have and use </li></ul><ul><li>Involves both cognitive and rational as well as affective and sensitivities-based components </li></ul><ul><li> Ability to act intelligently even when we are lacking objective description of the system </li></ul>
  5. 5. Engineering philosophy <ul><li>Explicating and using the mindset of an engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Cornerstone text: </li></ul><ul><li>Billy V. Koen: Discussion of the Method – Conducting the Engineer’s Approach to Problem Solving (2003) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Koen’s perspective <ul><li>Engineering method : ”The use of heuristics to cause the best change in a poorly understood situation within the available resources” </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering thinking as a mode of being-in-the-world that emphasizes improvement and action </li></ul>
  7. 7. Engineering thinking as the Universal Method <ul><li>The human condition is to live in a world where change is necessary but uncertainty is inevitable </li></ul><ul><li> To be human is to be an engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Heuristic as the ultimate and necessary tool in realizing change </li></ul>
  8. 8. Systems thinking in engineering philosophy <ul><li>Engineers work with and from within systems </li></ul><ul><li>How one frames the system defines what the problem is and what solutions one sees </li></ul><ul><li>Today the engineering challenges are increasingly systemic </li></ul><ul><li> The call for systemic perspective in describing engineering philosophy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Widening the concept of heuristics <ul><li>Heuristic as explicit and tool-like object (Koen) is not enough </li></ul><ul><li>Often the heuristic-in-use is actually tacit </li></ul><ul><li> Heuristics-in-use as implicit and tacit </li></ul><ul><li>The choice of heuristics must be made using something wider than an explicit heuristic </li></ul><ul><li> Metaheuristics as heuristics for choosing among heuristics </li></ul>
  10. 10. Playing <ul><li>Is a deeply human way of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Playfulness enhances creativity and broadens the perspective </li></ul><ul><li>A method for engineers to reframe the problem definition and heuristic for an innovation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Frame: Too long waiting time for an elevator
  12. 12. Frame: Pleasant elevator experience
  13. 13. Systems intelligence as a metaheuristic <ul><li>Action-orientedness </li></ul><ul><li>Change for the better </li></ul><ul><li>The incompleteness of all models and frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Actors’ embeddedness in the system </li></ul><ul><li>Our natural ability to act intelligently in complex systems </li></ul>
  14. 14. SI as a metaheuristic to screen available heuristics <ul><li>Systems intelligence thinking is a way to screen available heuristics and possibly develop a new one </li></ul><ul><li>In systemic environment it is often not obvious what is the best strategy for causing the best possible change </li></ul>
  15. 15. SI as a metaheuristic to take the implicit into account <ul><li>Engaged in the world we need to act using what seems like the best heuristic </li></ul><ul><li>The best available heuristics can in many cases turn out to be instinctual and pre-rational </li></ul><ul><li>Systems intelligence legitimates the use of these tacit heuristics-in-use </li></ul>
  16. 16. SI as a metaheuristic includes learning by playing <ul><li>The engineering method includes letting go of narrow task-orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Playing with the problem often results in innovative engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Is the engineering philosophy the interplay of task-oriented and playful modes-of-being? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Systems intelligence as a metaheuristic complements the description of engineering philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>The engineer is always in a systemic environment </li></ul><ul><li> Testing the need for reframing is essential </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement can be brought about also by: </li></ul><ul><li> spontaneous heuristic-in-use (and not only by deliberately chosen explicit heuristic) </li></ul><ul><li> learning through playing </li></ul>
  18. 18. References <ul><li>On Systems Intelligence: </li></ul><ul><li>Saarinen, Esa and Raimo P. Hämäläinen. (2004). Systems intelligence: Connecting engineering thinking with human sensitivity. In Raimo P. Hämäläinen and Esa Saarinen (eds.): Systems intelligence: Discovering a hidden competence in human action and organisational life. Espoo: Helsinki University of Technology, Systems Analysis Laboratory. </li></ul><ul><li>Hämäläinen, Raimo P. and Esa Saarinen (2007): Systems Intelligent Leadership. In Raimo P. Hämäläinen and Esa Saarinen, (eds.): Systems Intelligence in Leadership and Everyday Life. Espoo: Helsinki University of Technology, Systems Analysis Laboratory. </li></ul><ul><li>Hämäläinen, Raimo P. and Esa Saarinen (2006): Systems Intelligence: A Key Competence for Organizational Life. Reflections: The SoL Journal, vol. 7 no. 4. pp. 17-28. </li></ul><ul><li>Hämäläinen, Raimo P. and Esa Saarinen (2008): Systems Intelligence - The Way Forward? A Note On Ackoff's &quot;Why Few Organizations Adopt Systems Thinking&quot;. To appear in Systems Research and Behavioral Science, vol. 25 </li></ul>
  19. 19. References <ul><li>On engineering philosophy: </li></ul><ul><li>Koen, Billy V. (2003): Discussion of the Method: Conducting the Engineer's Approach to Problem Solving. Oxford University Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Mitcham, Carl (1994): Thinking through Technology: The Path between Engineering and Philosophy. University of Chicago Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Simon, Herbert A. (1996): The Sciences of the Artificial. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. </li></ul>

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