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  1. 1. UvA workshop May 4, 2011 Children and young people in conflict and peacebuilding Juliana Aguilar Wout Visser
  2. 2. Session outline <ul><li>Conflict and peace building and the role of children and young people </li></ul><ul><li>Practical examples from Colombia and Lebanon </li></ul><ul><li>Group assignments and discussions </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Conflict and peace building <ul><li>“ Chairs” game </li></ul><ul><li>In 4 groups; follow the instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Plenary feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I DEAL </li></ul>
  4. 4. Line debate Statement Adults are better able to contribute to peace than children and young people.
  5. 5. How do we understand peace building? War Child works towards ‘positive peace’, aiming to transform social relationships, structures and culture in a direction conducive to a reduction of root causes of social conflicts, and enhancing capacities to manage emerging conflicts non-violently and constructively.
  6. 6. Where do we work?
  7. 7. Impact on children and young people: the Machel study Review <ul><li>33 countries / territories </li></ul><ul><li>1 billion children < 18 affected </li></ul><ul><li>300 million < 5 </li></ul><ul><li>6 million refugee children </li></ul><ul><li>9 million internally displaced children </li></ul><ul><li>Machel Review Study video </li></ul>
  8. 8. Machel Review (cont.) <ul><li>All peacemaking and peacebuilding processes should be child-sensitive, including through </li></ul><ul><li>specific provisions in peace agreements, </li></ul><ul><li>the participation of children in those processes and </li></ul><ul><li>the prioritization of resources </li></ul>
  9. 9. Actors for Peace <ul><li>Insider </li></ul>Outsider Connector Divider WAR CHILD Y o u n g P e o p l e
  10. 10. Adult’s War and Young Generation’s Peace <ul><li>International research and evaluation, covering 4 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><li>Have a holistic understanding of peace </li></ul><ul><li>Identify all factors involved in conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Are able to connect individual and collective aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Identify key stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Know their own situation best </li></ul>
  11. 11. Young People actively involved in Violent Conflict <ul><li>Demography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ They fight because there are too many of them” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coercion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ They fight because they are forced to” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Youth crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ They fight because they are alienated and disenfranchised” </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Engaging Young people <ul><li>Active agents during armed struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Primary producers of violence in the post-violent conflict period </li></ul><ul><li>Victims of post conflict violence </li></ul><ul><li>Crucial actors in grassroots community development and peacebuilding </li></ul><ul><li>Holders of the right to participation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Quote <ul><li>“ Whoever wins the war, children are always the losers and their lost childhood never comes back.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2. Practical examples <ul><li>Colombia </li></ul><ul><li>Lebanon </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
  15. 15. Colombia <ul><li>Presentation Slideshare </li></ul>
  16. 16. Lebanon
  17. 17. Lebanon video clips <ul><li>Children and war – SDC DVD </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation – Youtube 5’35’’ </li></ul>
  18. 18. Questions
  19. 19. 3. Assignment <ul><li>Problem analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colombia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lebanon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4 groups, 2 groups per country </li></ul><ul><li>Answer to questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the main issues for children and young people? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How would you respond to these issues? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presentation and discussion </li></ul>