Sarah's Power Point

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  • I liked the massage, and the different herbs, and the tyheory of the five elemtns is cool.
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Sarah's Power Point

  1. 1. Traditional Chinese Medicine By Sarah Jennette
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>With a history of 2000 to 3000 years, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has formed a unique system to diagnose and cure illness. The TCM approach is fundamentally different from that of Western medicine. In TCM, the understanding of the human body is based on the holistic understanding of the universe as described in Daoism, and the treatment of illness is based primarily on the diagnosis and differentiation of syndromes. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Massage <ul><li>All hospitals in China that are devoted to Traditional Chinese Medicine include a massage clinic along with acupuncture and herbal medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese massage was developed over 2,000 years ago and was popular in the Tang, Ming, and Qing dynasties. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese call this therapeutic bodywork tui na, which literally means &quot;push&quot; and &quot;pull&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Tui na works with the energy system in the body (Qi), which flows through channels called meridians.  </li></ul><ul><li>By stimulating or subduing the energy in the body, practitioners help bring the patient’s body back into balance. </li></ul><ul><li>To determine what meridians need work, tui na practitioners feel the patient’s wrist pulse.   </li></ul><ul><li>Because it is based on the same meridian points as acupuncture, tui na is often called &quot;acupuncture without needles.&quot; </li></ul>
  4. 5. Herbs <ul><li>In China, herbal remedies are used as much as acupuncture to treat energy imbalances and illness. </li></ul><ul><li>When considering the appropriate herbal remedy for a patient, practitioners of TCM apply medical theory - the Five Elements and Eight Guiding Principles - along with tongue and pulse diagnosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Herbs used in Chinese medicine are derived from plant, animal, and mineral substances.  </li></ul><ul><li>In China, herbs in powder form are boiled and made into a tea.  </li></ul><ul><li>In the West, TCM practitioners often premix the herbal remedy or supply the herb in pill form, especially for those patients who find the bitter taste intolerable. </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Theory of Five Elements <ul><li>Similar to the theory of yin-yang, the theory of five elements wood, fire, earth, metal and water was an ancient philosophical concept used to explain the composition and phenomena of the physical universe. </li></ul><ul><li>In traditional Chinese medicine, the theory of five elements is used to interpret the relationship between the physiology and pathology of the human body and the natural environment. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the theory, the five elements are in constant move and change, and the interdependence and mutual restraint of the five elements explain the complex connection between material objects as well as the unity between the human body and the natural world. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Qigong <ul><li>Qigong is being used in preventive and therapeutic health care. </li></ul><ul><li>Qi is seen as the vital energy in one's body to maintain life. </li></ul><ul><li>After 5000 years of development, there are more than 3,000 varieties of qigong, and five major qigong traditions, namely Taoist, Buddhist, Confucian, martial arts, and medical. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical qigong involves qi exercises combined with meditation. The qi exercises will bring one to a state of meditation. Distress and anxiety will be driven away during the meditation. Positive thinking with great confidence is affirmed. Concentration can be easily achieved. Through the exercise, one gains control of the body and thus have good feelings about life. This in turn stimulates circulation of blood and qi. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise is good for patients as well as any age group who would like to maintain good health and a state of peaceful mind. Qigong is good in treatment of mental and physical stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, There are more than 70 million Chinese practicing qigong, some for treatment and most as a physical exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Qigong lets people experiencing higher levels of energy and stamina, and slow down the aging process. It may not be effective in treating acute illness or medical emergencies. It is good in preventing disease and also treating chronic conditions or disabilities. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Acupuncture <ul><li>The practice of acupuncture and moxibustion is based on the theory of meridians. </li></ul><ul><li>According to this theory, qi (vital energy) and blood circulate in the body through a system of channels called meridians, connecting internal organs with external organs or tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>By stimulating certain points of the body surface reached by meridians through needling or moxibustion, the flow of qi and blood can be regulated and diseases are thus treated. </li></ul><ul><li>These stimulation points are called acupuncture points, or acupoints. </li></ul>
  8. 10. The Theory of Yin-Yang <ul><li>In Chinese medicine, the metaphoric views of the human body based on observations of nature are fully articulated in the theory of Yin-Yang and the system of Five Elements. </li></ul><ul><li>The direct meanings of yin and yang in Chinese are bright and dark sides of an object. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese philosophy uses yin and yang to represent a wider range of opposite properties in the universe: cold and hot, slow and fast, still and moving, masculine and feminine, lower and upper, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>In general, anything that is moving, ascending, bright, progressing, hyperactive, including functional disease of the body, pertains to yang. </li></ul><ul><li>The characteristics of stillness, descending, darkness, degeneration, hypo-activity, including organic disease, pertain to yin. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>I enjoyed learning about Traditional Chinese Medicine. It was interesting to see the differences between American theories of healing and the Chinese ideas. </li></ul>

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