Ecotourism and geotourism as as an Instrument of Biodiversity and Geodiversity Interpretation


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Ecotourism and geotourism as as an Instrument of Biodiversity and Geodiversity Interpretation

  1. 1. Ecotourism and geotourism as as an Instrument of Biodiversity and Geodiversity Interpretation WGL Workshop, Prague, 8th November Case Study: Katako Kombe (Maniema Province)
  2. 2. „Take only pictures, leave only your footprints!“
  3. 3. Sustainable tourism • necessity to optimise effects of tourism on the environment • support of responsible tourism as an instrument of – environmental education – building-up and promotion of relationships to nature – keeping the traditional rural life style – sustainable use of natural resources – strengthening the cultural identity – protection of the landscape character
  4. 4. Great Britain Foto: Gilbert – Litt 1939 Simple negative definition of sustainable tourism
  5. 5. And what about virgin nature? To penetrate?
  6. 6. Tourism in Ecologically Fragile Areas • Minimise negative effects on local ecosystems, landscape character and local community life via stimulation of visitors flows and environmental marketing • System of monitoring and management of the tourism impacts on a valuable natural territory • Strategy and project for sustainable tourism development • Establishment of the status of a specialised guide for ecotourism, training system • System of permanent and mutual communication of protected areas administrations with all key stakeholders
  7. 7. Tradition or Inscenization?
  8. 8. Branding of local products • products fabricated in some protected areas can obtain a brand which presents their regional origin, quality and environmental responsibility • the brand also express whether the product is fabricated – by traditional procedure – from the local resources – handmade – with regional motifs etc.
  9. 9. Geotourism??? •is based on geological features •develops geological tourism products •creates outstanding tourist experiences •includes excellent interpretation •provides value to local communities •conserves geoheritage •should be sustainable (prof. Ross Dowling)
  10. 10. Ecotourism??? - Responsible tourism in natural (ecologically valuable) areas which protects environment and impoves welfare of local population (TIES, web: http// - Not to be confused with nature based tourism!!! - Respects (doesnt change) local social structure, supports cultural identity!!! - Supports (not replaces) local ecomomical activities
  11. 11. Geopark as geotourism and ecotourism destination??? geopark philosophy demanding diffrent approach to tourism development:  Not consuming the landsape heritage itself but its interpretation  Experience of own discovering,imagination  Active contcat of visitors with local / indigenous people  Supporting not replacing local economic and cultural activities • Relating daily life activities to our natural and cultural identity
  12. 12. Situation in Bohemian Paradise Geopark Tourism in the core area of this geopark has already overreached its carrying capacity, tourism needs to change its structure in favour of geotourism and ecotourism and its distribution in tome nd space.
  13. 13. Czech Assistance with establishment of Rio Coco Geopark and its geo- and ecotourism
  14. 14. Ecotourism and Birdwatching • still underestimated form of sustainable tourism, great potential especially for ecologically fragile areas • potencial pioneer segment: foreigner visitors with proper professional or hobby orientation who already know and want this tourism product
  15. 15. Tourism Guides in Ecologically Fragile Areas • Authorized guide – by protected area authority (training and accreditation system) Benefits? • Nature and landscape protection - tourism flows regulation (visitor management) • Special offer for visitors - ecotourism as a top tourism product: interpretation of nature and landscape values - specialized tours: wild nature observing • Sustainable enhancement of local community economy and cultural identity
  16. 16. Case study – Kongo (an initial phase)
  17. 17. Green Lungs for Green Tourism? •Is an area of 17 700 km2 large and virgin enough? •Is the green tourism challenge or threat?
  18. 18. From geology and geomorphology of the Maniema region • Left side of the river Lualaba (upper Congo river) flat landscape with clay substrate,on the river bank outcrops of red granite • In various streams the diamond is extracted (mainly for production of metal cutting mashines • In forests lenticular bearigs of copal (copal resin for lightening (lamps), in Europe for the high quality furniture and musical instrument varnish, Kleopatra had jewelry from that. • Right side of the river Lualaba is mountaineous and rich in minerals. Gold, kasiterit and coltan are mined mainly in rivers by washing.
  19. 19. WGL Travel & Expeditions • 10 days of adventurous travelling in the heard of the Democratic republic of Kongo – on the middle river with local indigenous people on pirogs • Wild animals watching in their natural environment • Walking in the tropical forest and savana • Sightseeing of local handcraft, fishing, traditional pirogs production, colonial structures • Overnight in forest villges anin wild nature camps
  20. 20. Conclusion • Possibility of geopark development in Maniema - potential to support of the local efforts to develop themselves through their close relationship to nature • Basic precondition: deep traditions and local knowledge and strong respect to the built and natural environment • Geopark development as a part of the Maniema journey to the larger political and economic independence and environmental responsibility • Geopark development in the form of sustainable use of material and immaterial heritage of the Maniema region with active involvement of indigenous population
  21. 21. Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic Environmental Policy Department Phone: ++420-2-6712-2150 Mobile: ++420-602 643 054 E-mail: Thanks for your attention Martina Pásková