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Small-Scale Fisheries Research in Timor-Leste

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Small-Scale Fisheries Research in Timor-Leste

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Small-Scale Fisheries Research in Timor-Leste

  1. 1. Small-Scale Fisheries Research in Timor-Leste Alex Tilley
  2. 2. Where in the world…?
  3. 3. • 1.2 million people • History of conflict • Unprecedented recovery • 41% of population below poverty line • #8 on Global Hunger Index • Chronic childhood malnutrition – hidden hunger A snapshot of Timor-Leste Petroleum •80% of GDP & 93% of gov. revenue •GDP p/c: $6800 vs. $850 non-oil •Public service wage ~$450 per month •65% of population works in Ag sector (2.6% of GDP)
  4. 4. WorldFish strategy in Timor-Leste
  5. 5. Project timeline 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Scoping AQ Strategy Development CTSP/USAID FisheriesAquaculture SRA strategy For investment ACIAR ACIAR Livelihoods Sustainable livelihoods PLAN AQ Strategy Implementation NZ COMPAC NORAD LMMA ADB CT Pacific Climate Change ADB Fish & CC SEWPAC FSSP NORAD Livelihood Diversification SwedBIO
  6. 6. Small-Scale Fisheries (Dave Mills) Aquaculture (Jharendu Pant) Mario Pereira Agustinha Duarte Natalina Pires Lucas de Jesus Angelo Aparicio Silvino Gomes
  7. 7. Aquaculture - GIFT Tilapia Hatchery • Brood fish – GIFT Tilapia imported from Malaysia (2015) • Production o Fingerlings (350,000 per month distributed to farmers) • Field Farmers School • Low cost feed production
  8. 8. Fish and food security in Timor-Leste • Fisheries potential, not importance • Fish consumption is very low for an island nation (6.2 kg /person /yr) – Cultural or availability? • Large variation between coastal and inland areas • SSF management and governance • Increase SSF productivity, access and availability • Increase fish consumption, especially in young children • Support and enhance fisher livelihoods
  9. 9. Small-scale fisheries research • Baseline characterization & productivity • SSF stock assessment – landings data (& creel surveys), hydroacoustic surveys, biomass surveys. • Fish Aggregation Devices to improve fish availability, food security, nutrition • Community based resource management (Tara Bandu) • Women and youth in marine resource use and decision making • SSF livelihoods support
  10. 10. Characterising fisheries in TL • About 4000 fishing boats • 95% are very small • Colonial history of larger scale • Underperforming sector • Limited data
  11. 11. • Reef focused • Gleaning (gender) • Sardines • Limited pelagic fisheries • Opaque offshore fisheries processes Characterising fisheries in TL Low production High value Food security??
  12. 12. Characterising fisheries in TL
  13. 13. Communities and FADs Beloi Biqueli
  14. 14. Extreme bathymetry ADD picture of Adara reef edge
  15. 15. Catch composition
  16. 16. REEF FAD DEEP SCAD SCAD LONG TOM FUSILIER GIANT TREVALLY BARRACUDA TUNA SOLDIERFISH Catch composition – IRI by habitat
  17. 17. Adara (FAD) - Monthly CPUE FAD deployed FAD shallow FAD lost
  18. 18. Total CPUE by site
  19. 19. Reef CPUE by site
  20. 20. Livelihood diversity and dynamism in Timor-Leste; insights for coastal resource governance and livelihood development David J. Mills, Alexander Tilley, Mario Pereira, Denis Hellebrandt, Avelino Pereira Fernandes, Philippa J. Cohen Asset wealth Food security Income Shocks and vulnerabilities Household Livelihood
  21. 21. Landings capture
  22. 22. SPOT boat tracking Fisheries characterisation by habitat Spatial measurement of effort Identification of important fishing grounds
  23. 23. Obrigado ba tempu!

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