Science forum Day 2 - Meen Chee Hong - Tilapia farmers in southern china

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Science forum Day 2 - Meen Chee Hong - Tilapia farmers in southern china

  1. 1. Tilapia farmers in Southern China: when do they have their say?
  2. 2. Classic Vulnerability Factors Income Food Disease Illiterate
  3. 3. Hainan International tourism island Tilapia production 19.5% Guanzhou Tilapia: 46.6% Marine white shrimp: ~ 37% Maoming Largest oil refinery plant in China Tilapia production: 25.5% Vannamei production: 7% Zhanjiang All about shrimp Tilapia production: 13% Vannamei production: 25% Tropical climate + coastline Sustainability Ethical Aquaculture Trade
  4. 4. Characteristics of the farm Certification China Inspection and Quarantine Non- CIQ Registration registered /large scale company individual business/ non-registered Pig-Fish integrated <ul><li>Pond + Pigpen </li></ul><ul><li>Pig fish complementary in term of cost and benefit </li></ul><ul><li>Sell fish through local agent </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer domestic market, do not know CIQ </li></ul><ul><li>Family business </li></ul><ul><li>Have many livelihood activities such as farming (paddy), livestock, driver, labor, other investment </li></ul><ul><li>Sell to middleman </li></ul><ul><li>High demand by domestic market </li></ul>Non –integrated (pond, reservoir) <ul><li>Migrated from Zhejiang province (duck farming) </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers = investor (Hainan), high debt </li></ul><ul><li>Tilapia with carp </li></ul><ul><li>Export orientate </li></ul><ul><li>Pond area is located out of the village, home is far away, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing- Contract based - with processing plant/ feed producer </li></ul><ul><li>Reservoir farming- farming cycle follows demand on water </li></ul>
  5. 5. Farmer Links…
  6. 6. The right to make decision??
  7. 7. Land Use Price US$460/ha/year US$2300/ha/year
  8. 8. With a big smile: No choice, I have to leave … When farming is an investment??
  9. 9. <ul><li>Remarks: </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability factors vary under different culture, political background, growth, resources available </li></ul><ul><li>Insecurity- although they can earn some money from fish farming, but they can’t sustain the land </li></ul><ul><li>What is our role to help the group that marginalized by development and growth? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thank you How could we help them to continue? Your suggestions are most welcome

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