Pathways and principles
Fisheries → improved nutrition
Aquaculture → improved nutrition
By Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted
...
Adapted from Anna Herforth and Jody Harris
http://www.spring-
nutrition.org/sites/default/files/1.6_Primary_Principles_and...
Pathways from agriculture to nutrition

Food
prices
Food
consumption
Food
expenditure
Non-food
expenditure
Nutrient intake...
Food
prices
Food
consumption
Food
expenditure
Non-food
expenditure
Nutrient intake Child
nutrition
outcomes
Householdasset...
Food
prices
Food
consumption
Food
expenditure
Non-food
expenditure
Nutrient intake Child
nutrition
outcomes
Householdasset...
Food
prices
Food
consumption
Food
expenditure
Non-food
expenditure
Nutrient intake Child
nutrition
outcomes
Householdasset...
Food
prices
Food
consumption
Food
expenditure
Non-food
expenditure
Nutrient intake Child
nutrition
outcomes
Householdasset...
Food
prices
Food
consumption
Food
expenditure
Non-food
expenditure
Nutrient intake Child
nutrition
outcomes
Householdasset...
Food
prices
Food
consumption
Food
expenditure
Non-food
expenditure
Nutrient intake Child
nutrition
outcomes
Householdasset...
Food
prices
Food
consumption
Food
expenditure
Non-food
expenditure
Nutrient intake Child
nutrition
outcomes
Householdasset...
Summary of pathways

Agriculture
Nutrition
National
macro­
economic
growth
Higher food
production;
lower food
prices
Incre...
Overall Messages: Pathways to Nutrition

OLD: Assumptions about
nutrition impact have been
challenged
• Increasing product...
http://www.spring-
nutrition.org/sites/default/files/1.6_Primary_Principles_and_
Pathways_Anna%20Herforth.pdf
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Pathways and Principles. By S.H. Thilsted.

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Fish and Nutrition Workshop Day 2

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Pathways and Principles. By S.H. Thilsted.

  1. 1. Pathways and principles Fisheries → improved nutrition Aquaculture → improved nutrition By Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted Adapted from Anna Herforth and Jody Harris
  2. 2. Adapted from Anna Herforth and Jody Harris http://www.spring- nutrition.org/sites/default/files/1.6_Primary_Principles_and_Pathways_ Anna%20Herforth.pdf
  3. 3. Pathways from agriculture to nutrition Food prices Food consumption Food expenditure Non-food expenditure Nutrient intake Child nutrition outcomes Householdassetsandlivelihoods Health status Mother’s nutrition outcomes Health care expenditure Female employment / resources National nutrition outcomes Income (agricultural and non-agricultural) Caring capacity & practices Female energy expenditure Food production Nutrition knowledge National economic growth Adapted from: Stuart Gillespie, Jody Harris, and Suneetha Kadiyala, 2012 The Agriculture-Nutrition Disconnect in India, What Do We Know? IFPRI Discussion Paper 01187
  4. 4. Food prices Food consumption Food expenditure Non-food expenditure Nutrient intake Child nutrition outcomes Householdassetsandlivelihoods Health status Mother’s nutrition outcomes Health care expenditure Female employment / resources National nutrition outcomes Income (agricultural and non-agricultural) Caring capacity & practices Female energy expenditure Food production Nutrition knowledge National economic growth Food prices  food purchase
  5. 5. Food prices Food consumption Food expenditure Non-food expenditure Nutrient intake Child nutrition outcomes Householdassetsandlivelihoods Health status Mother’s nutrition outcomes Health care expenditure Female employment / resources National nutrition outcomes Income (agricultural and non-agricultural) Caring capacity & practices Female energy expenditure Food production Nutrition knowledge National economic growth Income  food purchase
  6. 6. Food prices Food consumption Food expenditure Non-food expenditure Nutrient intake Child nutrition outcomes Householdassetsandlivelihoods Health status Mother’s nutrition outcomes Health care expenditure Female employment / resources National nutrition outcomes Income (agricultural and non-agricultural) Caring capacity & practices Female energy expenditure Food production Nutrition knowledge National economic growth Income  healthcare purchase
  7. 7. Food prices Food consumption Food expenditure Non-food expenditure Nutrient intake Child nutrition outcomes Householdassetsandlivelihoods Health status Mother’s nutrition outcomes Health care expenditure Female employment / resources National nutrition outcomes Income (agricultural and non-agricultural) Caring capacity & practices Female energy expenditure Food production Nutrition knowledge National economic growth Own production  food consumption
  8. 8. Food prices Food consumption Food expenditure Non-food expenditure Nutrient intake Child nutrition outcomes Householdassetsandlivelihoods Health status Mother’s nutrition outcomes Health care expenditure Female employment / resources National nutrition outcomes Income (agricultural and non-agricultural) Caring capacity & practices Female energy expenditure Food production Nutrition knowledge National economic growth Women’s income  resource allocation
  9. 9. Food prices Food consumption Food expenditure Non-food expenditure Nutrient intake Child nutrition outcomes Householdassetsandlivelihoods Health status Mother’s nutrition outcomes Health care expenditure Female employment / resources National nutrition outcomes Income (agricultural and non-agricultural) Caring capacity & practices Female energy expenditure Food production Nutrition knowledge National economic growth Women’s time use  care capacity
  10. 10. Food prices Food consumption Food expenditure Non-food expenditure Nutrient intake Child nutrition outcomes Householdassetsandlivelihoods Health status Mother’s nutrition outcomes Health care expenditure Female employment / resources National nutrition outcomes Income (agricultural and non-agricultural) Caring capacity & practices Female energy expenditure Food production Nutrition knowledge National economic growth Women’s workload  energy use
  11. 11. Summary of pathways Agriculture Nutrition National macro­ economic growth Higher food production; lower food prices Increased income* Home consumption Women’s empowerment Nutrition BCC 4 2 3 1 7 6 5 *Particularly if controlled by women Source: Adapted from World Bank, 2007
  12. 12. Overall Messages: Pathways to Nutrition OLD: Assumptions about nutrition impact have been challenged • Increasing production of calories • Increasing overall household incomes as a singular priority • Agriculture as an engine of overall economic growth; trickle-down effect on nutrition minimal NEW: These need more attention if we are going to reach nutrition • Increasing production of diverse, nutrient dense foods • Increasing women’s incomes • And avoiding harm due to additional time demands or energy expenditure of women • Incorporating nutrition behavior change communication for enhanced nutrition impact from food production and income
  13. 13. http://www.spring- nutrition.org/sites/default/files/1.6_Primary_Principles_and_ Pathways_Anna%20Herforth.pdf

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