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Fisheries and Finfish Aquaculture in Myanmar. By San Aung, Nilar Shein and Khin Maung Soe.

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Fish and Nutrition Workshop Day 2 (Country Presentations - Myanmar)

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Fisheries and Finfish Aquaculture in Myanmar. By San Aung, Nilar Shein and Khin Maung Soe.

  1. 1. San Aung, Nilar Shein (Department of Fisheries) And Khin Maung Soe (WorldFish) Production and Sustainable Management of Nutrient-rich Small Fish (SIS) in ponds and Wetlands for improved Nutrition in South Asia (1-2 March, 2014. Dhaka) Fisheries and Finfish Aquaculture in Myanmar
  2. 2. Presentations • Overview • Type of fisheries • Utilizing • National fisheries policy • Fishery production • Status of aquaculture • Main aquaculture species • Challenges in aquaculture development • Potential SIS aquaculture • Common SIS • Conclusion
  3. 3. Overview  Important for food security, social and economic development.  About 75% of the animal protein is obtained from fish and its products.  Employment ( est. > 3 million peoples) ( i) 1.3 million in marine (ii) 1.4 million in inland (iii) 0.3 million in aquaculture  About 10-15 % of monthly hh expenditure for food is for fish and fishery products  Contribution to National GDP : - about 8%
  4. 4. Type of Fisheries i. Inland Fisheries: (a) Open water, (b) flooded water ii. Marine Fisheries (a) Coastal and (b) Off shore iii. Aquaculture. (a) Fin fish: (b) Crustaceans: (c ) Sea weed:
  5. 5. Utilizing Fresh Preserved Dried, salted, fermented, smoked and fish sauce.
  6. 6.  Promote all-round fisheries development  Increase fish production  Encourage to expand aquaculture Support to improve socio-economic of fishery communities. National fishery policy
  7. 7. FISHERY PRODUCTION Year Total Aquaculture Inland fishery Marine fishery 2007-2008 3.19 0.69 (22%) 0.82 (25%) 1.7 (53%) 2008-2009 3.50 0.80 (23%) 0.90 (26%) 1.8 (51%) 2009-2010 3.92 0.86 (22%) 1.0 (25%) 2.10 (53%) 2010-2011 4.16 0.83 (20%) 1.16 (28%) 2.17 (52%) 2011-2012 4.48 0.90 (20%) 1.24 (27%) 2.33 (52%) (Source: Fishery Statistics 2012, DOF) ( Million MT )
  8. 8. Status of AquacultureStatus of Aquaculture • Pond area for freshwater finfish - 89,138 ha. • Pond area for freshwater prawn - 4,119 ha. • Pond area for marine shrimp - 88,308 ha. • Soft shell crab producing pond area - 750 ha. Total aquaculture pond area - 182,315 ha (Source: Fishery Statistics 2012, DOF)
  9. 9. Main aquaculture species - Rohu ( Labeo rohita ) - Catla (Catla catla) - Marigal (Cirrinus marigala) - Silver carp (Hypothelishthyes molitrix) - Grass carp (Ctenophrangodon idella) - Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) - Stripped catfish (Pangasius hypothelmus) - Tilapia - Rohu, Labeo rohitaRohu, Labeo rohitaMrigalMrigal, Cirrhinus mrigala, Cirrhinus mrigala Catla,Catla, Catla catlaCatla catla
  10. 10. Challenges in Aquaculture Development  Higher cost of feed stuff (rice bran, peanut cake, sesame cake etc.)  Genetically inbreed of rohu fish  Less aware of new species to introduce (Indigenous)  Occurrences of diseases  Less encourage and supporting for small- scale aquaculture
  11. 11.  Less aware the value and role of Small Indigenous Fishes: - - source of income for rural farmers - Source of high nutrition - Effective uses of resources  Farmers need technical assistance, financing and policy back up to extend SSA with SIS fishes - Land uses policy - Equity uses of irrigated water also for SSA - Using agriculture by-products (rice bran, oil seed cake etc.) for in country aquaculture and livestock breeding - Control in using pesticides and chemicals in agriculture Challenges
  12. 12. Common SIS in Myanmar Anabas testudineusMystus cavasius Puntius sophore Amblypharyngodon mola Notopterus notopterus Channa punctatus Ompok bimaculatus Carplet, Rohtee alfrediana Puntius sophore Heteropneustes fossilis Clarias batrachus
  13. 13. Potential SIS Aquaculture  Myanmar has more than 300 species of inland fishes.  About 30 common small species are highly preferred that support daily protein intake.  DoF with the assistance of WorldFish has seeking SIS aquaculture to support national poverty alleviation program  Expecting to learn from the successful experiences in the region
  14. 14. Conclusion - The government policy has been established for rural development aiming poverty reduction. - Now, Myanmar Fisheries also has been extending R&D with WorldFish to contribute the CIP in fisheries development. - In this context, this workshop is so timely for us to learn the success and approach in the region on SSA and SIS aquaculture.

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