Fisheries and Finfish Aquaculture in Myanmar. By San Aung, Nilar Shein and Khin Maung Soe.
San Aung, Nilar Shein (Department of Fisheries)
Khin Maung Soe (WorldFish)
Production and Sustainable Management
of Nutrient-rich Small Fish (SIS) in ponds and Wetlands
for improved Nutrition in South Asia
(1-2 March, 2014. Dhaka)
Fisheries and Finfish Aquaculture in Myanmar
• Type of fisheries
• National fisheries policy
• Fishery production
• Status of aquaculture
• Main aquaculture species
• Challenges in aquaculture development
• Potential SIS aquaculture
• Common SIS
Important for food security, social and economic development.
About 75% of the animal protein is obtained from fish and
Employment ( est. > 3 million peoples)
( i) 1.3 million in marine
(ii) 1.4 million in inland
(iii) 0.3 million in aquaculture
About 10-15 % of monthly hh expenditure for food is for fish
and fishery products
Contribution to National GDP : - about 8%
Type of Fisheries
i. Inland Fisheries:
(a) Open water,
(b) flooded water
ii. Marine Fisheries
(a) Coastal and
(b) Off shore
(a) Fin fish:
(c ) Sea weed:
Dried, salted, fermented, smoked and fish sauce.
Promote all-round fisheries development
Increase fish production
Encourage to expand aquaculture
Support to improve socio-economic of fishery
National fishery policy
Status of AquacultureStatus of Aquaculture
• Pond area for freshwater finfish - 89,138 ha.
• Pond area for freshwater prawn - 4,119 ha.
• Pond area for marine shrimp - 88,308 ha.
• Soft shell crab producing pond area - 750 ha.
Total aquaculture pond area - 182,315 ha
(Source: Fishery Statistics 2012, DOF)
Challenges in Aquaculture Development
Higher cost of feed stuff (rice bran, peanut cake, sesame
Genetically inbreed of rohu fish
Less aware of new species to introduce (Indigenous)
Occurrences of diseases
Less encourage and supporting for small- scale
Less aware the value and role of Small Indigenous Fishes: -
- source of income for rural farmers
- Source of high nutrition
- Effective uses of resources
Farmers need technical assistance, financing and policy back
up to extend SSA with SIS fishes
- Land uses policy
- Equity uses of irrigated water also for SSA
- Using agriculture by-products (rice bran, oil seed cake etc.)
for in country aquaculture and livestock breeding
- Control in using pesticides and chemicals in agriculture
Potential SIS Aquaculture
Myanmar has more than 300 species of inland fishes.
About 30 common small species are highly preferred
that support daily protein intake.
DoF with the assistance of WorldFish has seeking
SIS aquaculture to support national poverty
Expecting to learn from the successful experiences in
- The government policy has been established for rural
development aiming poverty reduction.
- Now, Myanmar Fisheries also has been extending R&D
with WorldFish to contribute the CIP in fisheries
- In this context, this workshop is so timely for us to
learn the success and approach in the region on SSA
and SIS aquaculture.