I will present a case study on Aquaculture - Nutrition Linkages from a USAID Feed the Future funded project, FtF Aqua in Bangladesh.
FtF Aqua has four components, and one is specifically on Aquaculture/agriculture in small, household ponds for income and nutrition. FtF aqua promotes increased production of:- Household pond polyculture of large and small fish- Promotion of nutrient-rich vegetables grown in homestead gardens and on pond dykes (including orange-fleshed sweet potatos) Increased production are promoted through training on optimized production methods, and some The production technology which we are promoting is carps with micronutrient-rich small fish. Small fish, for example mola, breed in ponds, are harvested partially, frequently in small amounts and used for household consumption. Unfortunately, due to many factors, the consumption of fish, and in particular, small fish by the poor has decreased. This production technology aims to increase fish consumption and nutrient contribution from fish. At the same time, there is an economic gain – sale of carps for household income.
Let me give the example of promotion of OFSPOFSP integrates well in aquatic agricultural systems can be planted in small areas such as pond dykes and homestead gardensIt requires minimal labour, fertilizer and pesticides; and grows well in marginal soils. It is therefore a valuable food source during times of food scarcity or following natural disasters.Vines are easily preserved by households for planting in the subsequent season.Both roots and leaves are consumed Let me give the example of promotion of OFSPOFSP integrates well in aquatic agricultural systems can be planted in small areas such as pond dykes and homestead gardensIt requires minimal labour, fertilizer and pesticides; and grows well in marginal soils. It is therefore a valuable food source during times of food scarcity or following natural disasters.Vines are easily preserved by households for planting in the subsequent season.Both roots and leaves are consumed
Building on this wealth of expertise and analyses, together with our partners, we have developed the following Aquaculture-Nutrition linkages package in FtF Aqua:In addition to:- Household pond aquaculture (with micronutrient-rich small fish species inclusion of:- Homestead vegetable production in the homestead and on pond dykes, with focus on orange fleshed sweet potato - Promotion of increased consumption of micronutrient-rich fish, vegetables and fruits, especially in the first 1,000 days of life and in adolescent girls- Behaviour change communication for improving knowledge and practice of essential nutrition and essential hygiene actions- Gender norms, attitudes and practices in relation to food purchase, food preparation and processing, intra-household food distribution, work load – production and care, )- Monitoring and evaluation – process and impacts on production, productivity, consumption, nutrition and health
How do we progress:Again we start with fish production – so we must find ways to get our staff to interest themselves and be committed to other areas – vegetable production, consumption, partnership to for better essential and hygiene actions. Scaling up – we wish to reach 200,000 households – what is our approach – not just to reach these households once – but having a sustained approach – not just the life of the FtF Aqua. Monitoring and Impact: Process and improved nutrition and healthIn the first instance, I will be happy to be able to show that the process works – beginning with an aquaculture intervention – this is the first time – and thereafter, being able to show increased dietary diversity in women and young children and increased contribution of micronutrient from fish and vegetables.
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Aquaculture/Agriculture - Nutrition Linkages in Bangladesh
Homestead aqua- and agricultureProduction Technology:• Polyculture in homesteadponds– Carps (large fish)– Nutrient-rich Small Fish• Vegetable– On pond dykes– In homestead gardensAdvantages• Availability of nutrient-rich foods• Easy to harvest in smallportions for householdconsumption• Production for consumption andincome
Homestead production for improved nutrition• Homestead production• Nutrient-rich small fisheaten whole• Nutrient-rich vegetables• Rich sources of multiple nutrients:• Animal-source protein• Essential fats• Essential vitamins and minerals Improved dietary diversity
Example of nutrient-rich vegetable production:Orange-fleshed sweet potatos• Easy to produce and suitablefor small areas like ponddykes• Requires minimallabor, fertilizer and pesticides• Vines are easy to preservefor planting the next season• Both leaves and rootsprovide vitamin A– Good for the eyes– Helps the body to fightdiseases
Aquaculture/Agricultire - Nutrition Linkagesin FtF AquaPackage components:• Pond polyculture of carps and smallfish• Vegetable production in homesteadgarden and on dyke• Behavior Change Communicationwith essential nutrition messages• Promotion of nutrient-rich small fishand vegetables, especially for womenand children• Cooking demonstrations• Monitoring and evaluation• Implemented in collaboration withHelen Keller International, SPRINGand MYAP
Complementary food• Easy nutrient-richcomplementary food madeof local culturally acceptedingredients• Dried darkina, orange-fleshed sweet potato, riceand soybean oil• Ground• Sold in one servingpackages• Contains essential nutrientsfor a young child:Iron, zinc, calcium, vitaminA, animal protein and fat
Moving Forward• Increase agricultural field staff’sknowledge and interest in nutrition• Increase the production andvariability of nutrient-rich small fishand vegetables• Year round vegetable production toavoid seasonal hunger• Develop easy methods for catchingsmall amounts of small fish• Comprehensive evaluation ofdietary habits