THE WORLD AFFAIRS COUNCIL’S 59TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE AT ASILOMAR       Meeting the Challenges      of the           Middle E...
www.itsyourworld.org    The World Affairs Council of Northern California    In 1947, many nations were recovering from Wor...
Agenda                                                                                                                    ...
Agenda                                                                                                                    ...
Speakers and Moderators                                                                                                   ...
Speakers and Moderators                                                                                                   ...
Speakers and Moderators                                                                                                   ...
Speakers and Moderators                                                                                                   ...
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East
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WorldAffairs 2005: Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East

  1. 1. THE WORLD AFFAIRS COUNCIL’S 59TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE AT ASILOMAR Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East APRIL 29–MAY 1, 2005 Asilomar Conference Center Pacific Grove, CaliforniaFor more than half a century, the World Affairs Council’s Annual Conference has been the most prestigious international affairs conference on theWest Coast. This year’s panels of scholars, government officials, diplomats, and journalists will discuss the future of the Middle East.
  2. 2. www.itsyourworld.org The World Affairs Council of Northern California In 1947, many nations were recovering from World War II. Leaders and citizens looked for ways to rebuild their lives and recover from the immense damage that had been inflicted. Hundreds of thousands of Americans, many of whom had never left their hometowns before joining the war effort, had traveled far away to fight against as well as help people they would otherwise have never met. As a result, many people formed new perspectives on the world—on nations and people they had come to know, on policies Welcome to the World Affairs Council’s 59th Conference at Asilomar. the United States should adopt, and on the importance of reasoning conflicts before they escalated. We look forward to joining you in this beautiful setting to learn from the speakers, to contribute At this time, a group of Bay Area citizens recognized the need to increase public understanding of to the discussion, and to enjoy the many social activities that are planned. international issues, and founded the World Affairs Council of Northern California to fulfill this This year’s conference will examine the future of the Middle East, a region more important than mission. They wanted to put to use this new collective consciousness and the power of a renewed global ever to our security and foreign policy. The conference will commence with a look at future scenarios perspective among an informed citizenry. They knew that future generations would benefit from the for the region. We’ll focus on Iraq and the Persian Gulf and developments between Israel and the wisdom and experience of their predecessors. Palestinian Territories. We will also examine the evolution of democracy, and challenges of economic Today, the World Affairs Council continues to be the active voice in Northern California, stressing the and social development. And we’ll look at the role played by different actors—from religious move- importance of international engagement. The Council strives to be a valuable resource to our members ments to multilateral institutions to the media—in shaping the region’s future. The conference will and the broader community looking to understand the impact of global issues and events on their daily conclude on Sunday by focusing on policy prescriptions for the United States in the region. lives. Located in downtown San Francisco, the Council reaches out to the broader local, national, and Almost 100 students and teachers will be participating in this year’s conference, thanks to the international community with chapters throughout the Bay Area, its membership in a nationwide network generosity of our donors, whom you will recognize by the red apples on their nametags. If you are of World Affairs Councils, its weekly radio program broadcast locally on KQED, students and educators a student or teacher, we urge you to introduce yourself to the donors and thank them for making who seek to complement their curriculum with international resources, and a growing online presence. your Asilomar experience possible. We are grateful to the volunteer efforts of so many of you who are serving as moderators for the Membership in the World Affairs Council supports these activities: plenaries and breakout sessions and as hosts for our numerous social events. Moreover, we thank• Over 200 lectures, debates, seminars and conferences annually our speakers for taking time off from their busy schedules to spend the weekend with us.• The Schools Program, serving over 100,000 students and teachers in the Bay Area This weekend represents a long tradition for the World Affairs Council and Asilomar. Thank you• Media outreach through our website and weekly NPR radio program, broadcast locally on KQED for joining us and contributing to this legacy. Whether you are an expert leading a discussion of (Monday evenings at 8 PM on 88.5 FM) your life’s work or a student learning about U.S. foreign policy for the first time, we are glad to• Several Chapters around the Bay, which bring programming closer to our members’ homes have you with us and look forward to meeting you over the course of the weekend.• The Corporate Program, designed to give companies the cutting-edge advantage to succeed in an increasingly competitive international business climate• The Young Professionals Program, an all-volunteer group, which promotes the involvement of Sincerely yours, younger members (people in their twenties and thirties) and their guests• The Global Philanthropy Forum, which is connecting a growing network of donors to one another, to nongovernmental leaders, and to trusted intermediaries engaged in grant making overseas George James Jane Wales• The Study Group, a noon-time series run by a group of dedicated volunteers Chairman of the Board President & CEO• The Helen Brown Lombardi Library, which houses approximately 8,000 volumes, 1,000 audio recordings of Council programs, and over 140 periodicals and newspapers, also provides access to online and CD-ROM databases and international career resources
  3. 3. Agenda Agenda Meeting the Challenges of the Middle East April 29–May 1, 2005 Friday, April 29 10:15–10:30 AM Break 3:00–10:00 PM Registration Administration Building, Lobby 10:30–12:00 PM PLENARY 3: Prospects for Peace between Israel and Palestine Merrill Hall Session Chair: Ambassador Richard Sklar, Former Presidential Special Representative 5:00–6:00 PM Welcome Reception Seascape for Economic Reform in Southeast Europe Israel’s Approach to the Palestinians: A Paradigm Change 5:00–6:00 PM Student Orientation Administration Building Patio Shai Feldman, Director, Crown Center for Middle East Studies, Brandeis University 6:00–7:30 PM Dinner Crocker Dining Hall Negotiating for Freedom Diana Buttu, Legal Advisor, Negotiations Affairs Department, the Palestine Liberation Organization 8:00 PM Welcome Merrill Hall Chairman Michael Nacht, Dean of the Goldman School of Public Policy, 12:00–1:00 PM Lunch Crocker Dining Hall University of California, Berkeley Lunch for Scholarship Recipients and Donors 8:00–10:00 PM PLENARY I: Thinking about the Future of the Middle East Merrill Hall 1:30–3:00 PM BREAKOUT SESSIONS Session Chair: Jane Wales, President and CEO, World Affairs Council of Northern California Scenarios: Planning for the Future SESSION 1: Challenges of Democracy: Transitions Merrill Hall Peter Schwartz, Cofounder and Chairman, Global Business Network Session Chair: Chuck Frankel, Third Sector Consultant Challenges to Democracy The Future of Iran: A Secular Democratic State? Marina Ottaway, Senior Associate, Democracy and Rule of Law Project, Dariush Zahedi, Visiting Professor of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Lebanon and the Bush Doctrine? Challenges and Responses in the Middle East: An Arab Perspective As’ad Abukhalil, Professor, California State University, Stanislaus; Ambassador Clovis Maksoud, Director, Center for the Global South, American University Visiting Professor of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley Democratization in the Gulf: A New Challenge for Traditional Monarchies 10:00–11:00 PM Reception Seascape Joseph Kéchichian, CEO, Kéchichian & Associates, LLC SESSION 2: Resources and Economic Development Nautilus Saturday, April 30 Session Chair: William H. Draper III, General Partner, Draper Richards 7:30–8:30 AM Breakfast Crocker Dining Hall Reflections on the Arab Human Development Report Ambassador Clovis Maksoud, Director, Center for the Global South, American University Speakers’ Breakfast Woodlands Twin Pillars: Economic Development and the Rule of Law Student–Mentor Breakfast Seascape Ambassador Richard Sklar, Former Presidential Special Representative for Economic Reform in Southeast Europe 8:45–10:15 AM PLENARY 2: Whither Iraq and the Persian Gulf Sub Region? Merrill Hall Session Chair: Skip Rhodes, Manager, Corporate Community Involvement, ChevronTexaco SESSION 3: The Media: Covering the Conflicts Chapel Session Chair: Andrew Ross, Executive Foreign-National Editor, The San Francisco Chronicle Lessons on Iraq: US Intentions vs. the Realities Judith Miller, Author and Pulitzer Prize-winning Correspondent, The New York Times Captives of Our Cultures: How the World Views the Middle East John Andrews, Senior Editor and West Coast Bureau Chief, The Economist The Iraq Election and Beyond Mark Danner, Staff Writer, The New Yorker; Professor, University of California, Berkeley, War of Information: Television Broadcasting in the Middle East Graduate School of Journalism Jamal Dajani, Director of Middle Eastern Programming, Link TV The Conservative Arab Gulf Monarchies in 2005 Israeli-Palestinian Dialogue: The Making of “Occupied Minds” Joseph Kéchichian, CEO, Kéchichian & Associates, LLC David Michaelis, Co-founder of Link TV and Director of Current Affairs2 3
  4. 4. Agenda Agenda SESSION 4: Security Challenges: Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction Kiln 8:00–9:30 PM PLENARY 4: Religion and Society Merrill Hall Session Chair: Ronald F. Lehman, II, Director of the Center for Global Security Research, Session Chair: Mary Falvey, Falvey Associates Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Religion, Politics and U.S. Policy: The Challenge of the Middle East The Growing Danger of Proliferation in the Persian Gulf Rev. J. Bryan Hehir, Secretary for Social Services and President of Catholic Charities in the Judith Miller, Author and Pulitzer Prize-winning Correspondent, The New York Times Archdiocese of Boston; Parker Gilbert Montgomery Professor of the Practice of Religion and Public Life, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University The Iran Factor Shai Feldman, Director, Crown Center for Middle East Studies, Brandeis University 9:30–11:00 PM Reception Seascape Establishing a Nuclear-Free Zone in the Middle East 10:15–11:00 PM Bonfire Barbecue Area Ambassador Mohamed Shaker, Vice Chairman of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs; former Ambassador of Egypt to the United Kingdom Refocusing the War on Terror Sunday, May 1 Flynt Leverett, Visiting Fellow, Saban Center for Middle East Policy, the Brookings Institution; former Senior Director for Middle East Affairs at the National Security Council in the G.W. Bush Administration 7:30–9:00 AM Breakfast Crocker Dining Hall SESSION 5: Role of Multilateral Institutions and Non-state Actors Scripps 9:00–10:30 AM PLENARY 5: United States Policy Prescriptions Merrill Hall Session Chair: JoAnn Aviel, Professor and Chair, International Relations, San Francisco State University Session Chair: Michael Nacht, Conference Chair and Dean of the Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley The United Nations in the Middle East: Limitations and Possibilities Hillary Mann Leverett, Middle East expert, U.S. State Department Policy Planning Staff; former United States and the Arab World: Conversion and Conflict Political Advisor for Middle Eastern and South Asian Affairs with the U.S. Mission to the United Nations Ambassador Mohamed Shaker, Vice Chairman of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs; former Ambassador of Egypt to the United Kingdom Beyond Treaties Christine Covey, Vice President, Seeds of Peace Iran, Iraq, and U.S. Interests Geoffrey Kemp, Director of Regional Strategic Programs, the Nixon Center; former Senior Director for Supporting Local Peace and Justice Efforts in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: What can we do? Near East and South Asian Affairs at the National Security Council in the Reagan Administration. Jennifer Kuiper, Middle East Working Group and Research Consultant, Nonviolent Peaceforce Challenges in the Arab-Israeli Arena: Syria, Lebanon, and the Creation of Palestine 3:00–3:30 PM Coffee and Refreshments Break Various locations Flynt Leverett, Visiting Fellow, Saban Center for Middle East Policy, the Brookings Institution; former Senior Director for Middle East Affairs at the National Security Council in the G.W. Bush Administration 3:30–6:00 PM Free time or Student Simulation: Iran Goes Nuclear Chapel 10:30–11:00 AM Final Thoughts and Conclusion by Conference Chair 5:00–6:00 PM Sunset Reception Kiln & Hearth Michael Nacht, Dean of the Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley 6:00–7:00 PM “At Dinner with…” Crocker Dining Hall 11:00–12:00 PM Pick up boxed lunch Crocker Dining Hall 7:00–7:30 PM Report on Student Simulation Merrill Hall Checkout Administration Building 7:30–8:00 PM Annual Meeting of the Membership Merrill Hall4 5
  5. 5. Speakers and Moderators Speakers and Moderators 2005 Annual Conference Speaker Biographies AS’AD ABUKHALIL Organizations,” Asian Journal of Political Science, based on research JAMAL DAJANI In 1999 Danner was named a MacArthur Fellow. He is presently a As’ad AbuKhalil is a Professor of Political Science at done at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in 1998. “The Role of Jamal Dajani is Director of Middle Eastern Professor of Journalism at University of California, Berkeley and California State University, Stanislaus and a Research NGOs in El Salvador and Guatemala in Establishing the Rule of Law” Programming at Link TV. He has previously served Henry R. Luce Professor of Human Rights, Democracy, and Associate with the Center of Middle Eastern Studies is to be published in 2005 in Oliver P. Richmond and Henry F. Carey’s as Trustee and President of the Board of Directors of Journalism at Bard College. Danner speaks and lectures widely on for- at University of California, Berkeley. He received his Subcontracting Peace: NGOs and Peacebuilding in a Dangerous World. She the Arab Cultural & Community Center of San eign policy and America’s role in the world. His book, Torture and Ph.D. in comparative government from Georgetown served as a Fulbright Professor in 1999 at the University of Costa Rica Francisco. Born in Jerusalem in 1957, Dajani attended Truth, was just named the winner of the 2004 Madeline Dane Ross University. He is the author of several books and articles including and in 1984 at the Diplomatic Academy of Peru, and received an Office Columbia University in New York City where he received a B.A. Award from the Overseas Press Club of America, awarded annually to Bin Laden, Islam, and America’s New “War on Terrorism”; Historical of International Programs grant to do research in Ecuador in 2004. degree in Political Science. Dajani provides more than 25 years of the best book of the year on international affairs. Dictionary of Lebanon; The Battle for Saudi Arabia: Royalty, Aviel received her Ph.D. at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, leadership in both the for-profit and non-profit sectors. Tufts University. WILLIAM H. DRAPER, III * Fundamentalism, and Global Power; his forthcoming book, Saudi Arabia In 2001, he joined Link TV to fill a much-needed void in the William H. Draper, III has over 25 years of experi- and The US: The Tale of the Good Taliban; How do We Stay Arabs, How dissemination of news from the Middle East to the American public. Do We Stay Human: Confronting globalization; and finally, What is Yet to DIANA BUTTU The result was the birth of Mosaic: World News from the Middle East, ence and is one of America’s first venture capitalists. Diana Buttu is a legal advisor with the Negotiations Draper was a founder of Sutter Hill Ventures in Palo Come: the Aftermath of September 11. He was born in Tyre, Lebanon and which first aired in October 2001. As of February 2005, Dajani Affairs Department of the Palestine Liberation Alto, California. During his 20 years as a Senior grew up in Beirut. He runs a blog called “The Angry Arab News Service” participated in several Link TV special productions as a Producer, Organization. Since October 2000, Buttu has been Partner of Sutter Hill, a leading venture capital firm at angryarab.blogspot.com. Senior Editor and Political Analyst. He is currently co-producing the advising the Palestinian team in peace negotiations in the U.S., he helped to organize and finance several hundred high documentary Occupied Minds, a work in progress dealing with the JOHN ANDREWS with Israel. Previously, Buttu served as legal counsel Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and Who Speaks for Islam?, a new strand of technology manufacturing companies. From 1981 to 1986, he served John Andrews is a Senior Editor and Writer for The to the Canadian Department of Justice in Ottawa. She is currently as President and Chairman of the Export-Import Bank of the United shows to be aired on Link TV and PBS in 2005. Dajani is a frequent Economist, the prestigious British weekly. He has pursuing a doctoral degree in Law and Refugee Reparations at States. In 1986, he became the head of the world’s largest source of guest on numerous national and international media broadcast net- been The Economist’s West Coast Bureau Chief since Stanford Law School. Buttu received a B.A. and an L.L.M. from the multilateral development grant assistance, the United Nations works and a contributor to Pacific News Service. He was also featured September 2003, having spent the previous four University of Toronto, a J.D. from Queen’s University in Ontario, and Development Program. Draper was Chairman of the World Affairs in many publications, such as The New York Times, The Los Angeles years as Paris Bureau Chief, analyzing French politics a J.S.M. from Stanford University. She is a member of the Ontario Council of Northern California and serves on the boards of the Times, The San Francisco Chronicle, The Boston Globe, US News & and economy in the magazine’s news pages and in its Charlemagne col- Bar. Buttu lives in Ramallah. Institute of International Studies at Stanford University and World Report, The Chicago Tribune, and Columbia Journalism Review. umn. He has been with The Economist for the past 23 years, working Population Action International. He has also served on the boards of He also appeared in CBS’s Sunday Morning, MSNBC News and The in London, Singapore, Hong Kong, Brussels, Washington D.C., Paris CHRISTINE RAMSAY COVEY Institute of International Education and Yale University. He is a Nachman Show, KQED’s On The Home Front, NBC’s Nightly News and now Los Angeles. Before joining The Economist, Andrews spent Christine Ramsay Covey is a founding Board Member member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the President’s with Tom Brokaw, ABC’s World News Tonight with Peter Jennings, six years with The Guardian and led the paper’s coverage of OPEC of Seeds of Peace and Vice President since its founda- Council on International Activities at Yale University. He holds a B.A. PBS’s The News Hour with Jim Lehrer, FOX News with Brit Hume, during its 1979–82 heyday. A graduate of Cambridge University in tion in 1993. From her years living in divided degree from Yale University, and a Master of Business degree, with Univision, ARD Television-Germany, NOS iTelevision–The Netherlands, classical and modern Arabic, he came to The Guardian after living for Jerusalem, she was convinced that younger generations distinction, from Harvard Business School. NHK Television–Japan, and most Bay Area television networks. Dajani seven years in the Arab world, first as an academic and then as a jour- of Israeli and Palestinian youth were caught in a trap has received the “Special Achievement Award” from the New MARY FALVEY * nalist. John Andrews has written two books on Asia, co-authored a of despair. Seeds of Peace’s founder John Wallach offered a vision of a California Media in 2003. Mosaic also received a 2005 Peabody Award. Mary Falvey has had a diverse career as a manage- book on Europe and contributed chapters to other books, including better future for them and their communities, and he asked Covey to help organize a program for reconciliation among Middle Eastern MARK DANNER ment consultant, operating executive, entrepreneur, The Encyclopædia Britannica. His surveys in The Economist—12,000- youth. Covey returned to the Middle East to gain foreign government appointee to senior advisory positions in the federal word essays which, unlike the magazine’s other articles, carry a Mark Danner is a writer who for 25 years has written cooperation and to lead the Seeds selection process. She developed the government, and trustee in the education, health byline—have covered subjects as diverse as civil aerospace and the on politics and foreign policy, focusing on war and content and program for the Middle East Youth Summit in Villars in care, and performing arts arenas. She now serves as a world of sport. He is a frequent broadcaster and public speaker. conflict. He has covered Central America, Haiti, the 1998 and the International Youth Summit on Uprooting Hatred and corporate director and as an advisor to and investor in early-stage tech- Balkans, and Iraq and the Middle East, among many JOANN AVIEL * Terror in 2001. While continuing work on the Middle East program, other stories. Danner is the author of The Massacre at nology companies. Falvey is a graduate of Cornell University and the JoAnn Aviel is Professor and Chair of International she established the Cyprus program in 1998 and the Balkans program Harvard Business School. She lives in San Francisco.Falvey’s board El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War; The Road to Illegitimacy; and Relations at San Francisco State University. She teach- in 2000. She continues to direct both programs and drafted the Beyond memberships include the Golden Gate Bank, San Francisco Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror, as well es courses on Comparative Foreign Policy Analysis, Borders program concept for Arab and American dialogue initiated in Symphony, the World Affairs Council of Northern California, as forthcoming books on the former Yugoslavia and Haiti. Since 1990 Latin American Policy Analysis, and International 2004. For nearly 30 years, Covey has lived and worked in divided areas Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra, and Cornell University. Her past Mark Danner has been a Staff Writer at The New Yorker and is a fre- Organization. She is a co-editor of Multilateral of the Middle East, Central Europe and the Balkans with her diplomat responsibilities include the Trustee of the Social Security Trust Funds quent contributor to New York Review of Books. Danner’s work has Diplomacy and the United Nations. Recent publications include: family. Covey is a Member of the Balkans Working Group, United and a member of the National Commission on Social Security Reform appeared in Harper’s, The New York Times, Aperture, and many other “Nicaragua: Foreign Policy in the Revolutionary and Post-Revolutionary States Institute of Peace, a Board Member of the Paul Taylor Dance (both Presidential appointments), member of the Composite newspapers and magazines. He has co-written and helped produce Age” in Frank O. Mora and Jeanne A.K. Hey, eds. Latin American and Foundation, and an officer of the Bechtel Women of the Bay Area. She Committee of the United States Medical Licensing Examination, and two-hour long documentaries for the ABC News program Peter Caribbean Foreign Policy; and “Placing Human Rights and Environmental studied political science and psychology at Michigan State University Chair of the Boards of Trustees of San Francisco Performances and Jennings Reporting, and his work has received, among other honors, a Issues on ASEAN’s Agenda: The Role of Non-Governmental (BA), George Washington University (MBA), and is a C.P.A. Saint Francis Hospital Foundation. National Magazine Award, two Overseas Press Awards, and an Emmy.6 * Names followed with an asterisk denote session chairs. 7
  6. 6. Speakers and Moderators Speakers and Moderators SHAI FELDMAN national network of Charities in the United States, from 2001 to for Southwest Asia. In 1976, while working for the Senate Committee FLYNT LEVERETT Shai Feldman is the director of the new Crown 2003. From 1984 to 1992, he served on the faculty at Georgetown on Foreign Relations, he prepared a widely publicized report on U.S. Flynt Leverett is a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Center for Middle East Studies at Brandeis. Feldman University in the School of Foreign Service and the Kennedy Institute Military Sales to Iran. Institution’s Saban Center for Middle East Policy in is a Member of the Board at the Belfer Center for of Ethics. From 1993 to 2001, he served on the Harvard Divinity Washington, D.C. Leverett came to Brookings after School faculty as a Professor of the Practice in Religion and Society. JENNIFER KUIPER Science and International Affairs at Harvard a distinguished career in government service. From From 1998 to 2001 he served as Interim Dean and Dean of the Jennifer Kuiper is a member of the Middle East University. He was Director at Tel Aviv University’s February 2002 to March 2003, he served at the Divinity School. His publications include The Moral Measurement of Working Group, a Research Consultant for Nonviolent Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, as well as Research Director of the White House as Senior Director for Middle East Affairs at the War: A Tradition of Continuity and Change; Military Intervention and Peaceforce (International), and a Board Member project on Regional Security and Arms Control in the Middle East. National Security Council. In this role, he advised President Bush and National Sovereignty; Catholicism and Democracy; Social Values and for Peaceworkers in San Francisco. Kuiper works in Dr. Feldman is the author of Israeli Nuclear Deterrence: A Strategy for National Security Adviser Condoleeza Rice on Arab-Israeli issues and Public Policy: A Contribution from a Religious Tradition; and The Moral support of Palestinian and Israeli efforts to end the 1980s (1982). He has written extensively on nuclear proliferation, U.S. relations with Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, the Palestinian Dimension in the Use of Force. He is also co-author of Liberty and Power: occupation of the Palestinian Territories through nonviolence. Over Israeli national security, domestic politics and defense policy, and U.S. Authority, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. During the first year of the Bush A Dialogue on Religion and U.S. Foreign Policy in an Unjust World. the past three years, she has lived periodically in the region to docu- foreign and defense policies in the Middle East. Dr. Feldman edited Administration, Leverett was on the Secretary of State’s Policy ment the challenges facing grassroots efforts for unarmed struggle. She (with Ariel Levite) Arms Control and the New Middle East Security Planning Staff, handling Middle East and counterterrorism issues. For JOSEPH A. KÉCHICHIAN has just returned from thirteen months overseas where she completed Environment (1994) and Confidence Building and Verification: Prospects his contributions to U.S. policy in these areas and to the formation of Joseph A. Kéchichian is CEO of Kéchichian & an assessment for the Nonviolent Peaceforce to evaluate the potential in the Middle East (1994). He also completed a study (with Dr. an international coalition to fight terror following the September 11 Associates, LLC, a consulting partnership that pro- contributions to peace building efforts of a large-scale professional, Abdullah Toukan, of Jordan) entitled Bridging the Gap: A Future attacks, he was awarded the State Department’s Superior Honor vides analysis on the Arabian/Persian Gulf region, unarmed civilian force. During this period, she also worked with the Security Architecture for the Middle East, which was conducted for the Award. Leverett also served for eight years as Senior Analyst of Middle specializing in the domestic and regional concerns of Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace at Hebrew University Carnegie Corporation’s Commission of Preventing Deadly Conflict. East and South Asian affairs at the Central Intelligence Agency. He left Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi in Jerusalem to develop cooperative programs between Israeli and Dr. Feldman’s book, Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control in the Middle the Bush Administration in 2003 because of policy disagreements over Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the Yemen. He received a Palestinian universities and faculties. Kuiper holds a Bachelor’s degree East, was published in 1996. His latest book is Track-II Diplomacy: the conduct of the war on terror and Middle East issue more general- doctorate in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia in 1985, in American Studies from Stanford University and a Master’s degree in Lessons From the Middle East (MIT Press, 2004). ly. Leverett is the author of Inheriting Syria: Bashar’s Trial By Fire, a where he also taught and assumed the assistant deanship in interna- Public Policy from the Goldman School at the University of forthcoming study of Syrian politics and policymaking under Bashar CHUCK FRANKEL * tional studies. In the summer of 1989, Kéchichian was a Hoover California, Berkeley. She has worked in the nongovernmental sector al Asad that also offers analysis and recommendations regarding U.S. Chuck Frankel has had extensive involvement with Fellow at Stanford University (under the US State Department Title for over 15 years, including community mediation programs, conflict policy toward this critical country. Recognized as an authority on the the World Affairs Council since he joined its Young VIII Program). Between 1990 and 1996, he was an Associate Political resolution work in Eastern and Central Europe during its transition Middle East, U.S. foreign policy, and intelligence issues, he lectures Adult Study Group over 40 years ago. As Peace Scientist at the Santa Monica-based RAND Corporation, and a lectur- from Soviet States, and as a consultant for federal and state govern- regularly in the United States, Europe, and the Middle East. Corps country director, corporate foundation er at the University of California, Los Angeles. Between 1998 and ment agencies evaluating social welfare programs in the U.S. director and tour operator owner, he has lived and 2001, he was a fellow at UCLA’s Gustav E. von Grunebaum Center HILLARY MANN LEVERETT for Near Eastern Studies, where he held a Smith Richardson RONALD F. LEHMAN, II * traveled extensively in Africa and Asia. He has been an entrepreneur, Hillary Mann Leverett is Middle East Expert on the Foundation grant to compose “Succession in Saudi Arabia.” Kéchichian Ronald F. Lehman, II is Director of the Center for manager of and consultant to private, public and non-profit enter- U.S. State Department’s Policy Planning Staff. She published Oman and the World: The Emergence of an Independent Global Security Research at the Department of prises. He currently serves on the Boards of the Smithsonian Museum focuses on the Gulf and rogue states in the Middle Foreign Policy, and edited A Century in Thirty Years: Shaykh Zayed and Energy’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. of African Art, the Goldman School of Public Policy, the National East as well as building regional cooperative security the United Arab Emirates as well as Iran, Iraq, and the Arab Gulf States. He works for the University of California and is also Peace Corps Association, and as well as the World Affairs Council. He mechanisms for the region. From December 2001 to In 2003, he co-authored The Just Prince: A Manual of Leadership that Chairman of the Governing Board of the International is Honorary Consul General of Botswana. In 1988, the National March 2003, she was Director for Iran, Afghanistan and Gulf Affairs at includes a full translation of the Sulwan al-Muta` by Muhammad Ibn Science and Technology Center, an inter-governmental organization Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) established the Charles the National Security Council at the White House. From July 2000 to Zafar al-Siqilli. His latest book, Succession in Arab Monarchies will be headquartered in Moscow, Russia. After the September 11 attack, he Frankel Prize to recognize persons for outstanding contributions to December 2001, she was Political Adviser for Middle Eastern and published in 2005. Since March 1998, he regularly writes in the Paris- was detailed to the National Nuclear Security Administration to work the public’s understanding of the humanities. The Charles Frankel South Asian Affairs with the U.S. Mission to the United Nations. In based Arabies Trends, and publishes a syndicated bi-weekly column on counter-terrorism and homeland security. He also serves as a mem- Prize was awarded from 1989 to 1996. In 1997, the NEH dedicated 1997, she authored the groundbreaking, “Open Admissions: U.S. titled “Window on the Gulf.” ber of the Department of Defense Threat Reduction Advisory a conference room in Charles Frankel’s name. Policy Towards Students from Terrorism Supporting Countries in the Committee and its subcommittees on counter-terrorism, biological war- Middle East,” which was the first study to identify the use of student J. BRYAN HEHIR GEOFFREY KEMP fare defense, and nuclear deterrence. In 1995, Lehman was appointed to visas as a looming terrorism threat for the United States. From 1994 to J. Bryan Hehir is Secretary for Social Services and Geoffrey Kemp is Director of Regional Strategic the five-member President’s Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation 1996, she was an Attorney/Adviser on Middle East issues for a President of Catholic Charities in the Archdiocese of Programs at the Nixon Center. He served in the White Policy. Previously, he was Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Washington DC law firm. She is a graduate of Harvard Law School Boston. He is also Parker Gilbert Montgomery House during the first Reagan administration and was Disarmament Agency from 1989 to 1993. Earlier, he served in the and Brandeis University, has studied at the American University in Professor of the Practice of Religion and Public Life Special Assistant to the President for National Security Defense Department as Assistant Secretary for International Security Cairo and Tel Aviv University. at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard Affairs and Senior Director for Near East and South Policy; in the State Department as U.S. Chief Negotiator on Strategic University. Father Hehir took his A.B. and Master of Divinity degrees Asian Affairs on the National Security Council Staff. Prior to his current Offensive Arms; and in the White House as Deputy Assistant to the at St. John’s Seminary and his Doctor of Theology at Harvard Divinity position, he was a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for President for National Security Affairs. He has also served on the School. His research and writing focus on issues of ethics and foreign International Peace where he was Director of the Middle East Arms National Security Council staff as a Senior Director; in the Pentagon as policy, Catholic social ethics and the role of religion in world politics Control Project. In the 1970’s he worked in the Defense Department in Deputy Assistant Secretary, on the Professional Staff of the U.S. Senate and in American society. Prior to assuming these positions, Father the Policy Planning and Program Analysis and Evaluation Offices and Armed Services Committee; and in Vietnam with the U.S. Army. He Hehir served as President and CEO of Catholic Charities USA, the made major contributions to studies on U.S. security policy and options received his B.A. from Claremont McKenna College in 1968 and his Ph.D. from the Claremont Graduate University in 1975.8 9
  7. 7. Speakers and Moderators Speakers and Moderators CLOVIS MAKSOUD JUDITH MILLER SKIP RHODES * October 2004 as a member of the Court on Values. He held the posi- Ambassador Clovis Maksoud is a Professor of Judith Miller is a Senior Writer for The New York Skip Rhodes is Manager of the Corporate Community tion of Ambassador of the Arab Republic of Egypt to the United International Relations and Director of the Center for Times. In 2002 she, along with ten other reporters, Involvement for ChevronTexaco and is responsible Kingdom from September 1988 to September 1997. As of July 1997 the Global South at American University in received a Pulitzer Prize for her coverage of the for managing and directing all consolidated charitable Ambassador Shaker was the Doyen of the Diplomatic Corps accredited Washington, D.C. A Lebanese national, Ambassador Middle East following September 11. Miller covers and business expense contributions and programs for to the Court of St. James. Before taking up his post in London, Maksoud was Chief Representative of the League of national security issues with a special emphasis on the corporation and participating ChevronTexaco Ambassador Shaker was Head of the Department of Western Europe at Arab States in India from 1961 to 1966. From 1967 to 1979, he served the Middle East and weapons of mass destruction. In 1983, she was companies worldwide. Rhodes assumed his present position in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Republic of Egypt as of as a Senior Editor of Al-Ahram and then Chief Editor of Al-Nahar the first woman to be named the Times’ Bureau Chief in Cairo, Egypt. September 1986. He joined the company in 1959 and has held various January 1988. He was Ambassador of the Arab Republic of Egypt to Weekly. Ambassador Maksoud was appointed as the League of Arab She is also an author and has written four books and contributed positions in the field of transportation, logistics and supply, marketing, Austria, Permanent Representative of Egypt to the United Nations in States’ Chief Representative to the United States and the United chapters to several others. antitrust litigation, business planning, government affairs and public Vienna, Resident Representative and Egypt’s Governor on the Board of Nations on September 1, 1979. On August 15, 1990, he submitted his affairs. From 1986 to 1994, Rhodes was a council member of the Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and resignation from the League in the aftermath of Iraq’s invasion of MICHAEL NACHT * Piedmont, California City Council and was mayor from 1990 to 1992. Permanent Representative of Egypt to the United Nations Industrial Kuwait. A lawyer, journalist and diplomat, Ambassador Maksoud Michael Nacht is Aaron Wildavsky Dean and He served with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) from Development Organization (UNIDO) for the period November 1986 served as the Arab League Ambassador to India and South-East Asia Professor of Public Policy in the Goldman School of 1978 to 1994 and was Director of the Joint Operations Staff (NATO) until January 1988. Before Vienna Ambassador Shaker was Deputy from 1961-1966. Ambassador Maksoud is the author of several articles Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley. from 1984 to 1994. He was the founding President of the Board of Permanent Representative of Egypt to the United Nations in New York and books on the Middle East and the global South, among them: The He teaches and writes in the fields of U.S. national Directors of a San Francisco Bay Area private school for five years. He is from January 1984 to October 1986 and Deputy Representative of Meaning of Non-Alignment, “The Crisis of the Arab Left,” “Reflections security and foreign policy and on management strate- past President and current board member of the Commonwealth Club Egypt to the United Nations Security Council from 1984 to 1985. One on Afro-Asianism,” and The Arab Image. Ambassador Maksoud was the gies for public organizations. From 1994 to 1997, after unanimous U.S. of California, a member of the Board of Trustees of the World Affairs of Ambassador Shaker’s works is The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty: Chairperson and Convener of many conferences on environment and Senate confirmation, Nacht served as Assistant Director for Strategic Council of Northern California, and was a member of the board of Origin and Implementation 1959–1979. development, human rights, population, and disarmament. Born on and Eurasian Affairs of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament directors for the Council on Foundations in Washington, D.C. from Agency. He directed the Agency’s work on nuclear arms reduction and PETER SCHWARTZ December 17, 1928, Ambassador Maksoud graduated from the 1993 to 1999, and board chair from 1996 to 1998. missile defense negotiations with Russia and designed the first high-level Peter Schwartz is Cofounder and Chairman of Global American University of Beirut, went on to receive his J.D. from the George Washington University in Washington, D.C. and did post- nuclear arms dialogue with China. He participated in five summit meet- ANDREW S. ROSS * Business Network, a Monitor Group company, and a ings with President Clinton: four with Russian President Yeltsin and one Andrew S. Ross is Executive Foreign & National Partner of the Monitor Group, a family of profession- graduate studies at Oxford University in Britain. with Chinese President Jiang Zemin. He was granted the Agency’s Editor for The San Francisco Chronicle where he super- al services firms devoted to enhancing client competi- DAVID MICHAELIS Distinguished Honor Award, its highest form of recognition. He recent- vises assigning and editing of international and nation- tiveness. An internationally renowned futurist and David Michaelis co-founded Link TV in 1999 and ly chaired an advisory panel to the Office of the Secretary of Defense on al stories since 2001. Andrew planned and oversaw the business strategist, Schwartz specializes in scenario planning, working currently serves as Director of Current Affairs of the combating terrorist use of weapons of mass destruction in the U.S. He newspaper’s coverage of the Afghanistan war and the with corporations, governments, and institutions to create alternative Link TV channel in San Francisco. He co-produced is a member of the Educator’s Advisory Committee to the Comptroller U.S.-led war in Iraq. Prior to coming to The Chronicle, Andrew was perspectives of the future and develop robust strategies for a changing the film Occupied Minds with Jamal Dajani in 2005. General of the United States, an advisory committee to the Lawrence Managing Editor and Executive Vice President of Salon.com, the and uncertain world. His current research and scenario work encom- Born in Jerusalem in 1945, Michaelis studied at the Livermore National Laboratory, the Board of Trustees of the World award-winning website which he co-founded. From 1985-1995, Ross passes energy resources and the environment, technology, telecommu- Hebrew University and received his degree in philosophy and sociolo- Affairs Council of Northern California, and the Board of the Japan worked at the San Francisco Examiner where he held the position of nications, media and entertainment, aerospace, and national security. gy. Michaelis has produced and directed documentaries on social and Society of Northern California. Foreign Editor, Chief of Correspondents, and Associate Editor. He has Schwartz is also a Venture Partner of San Francisco-based Alta Partners, political issues for the BBC Channel 4 in the UK as well as for ARD written and reported from the Middle East, Central America, Eastern a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and a member of the and ZDF in Germany. He served as a news editor in London and MARINA OTTAWAY Europe, and most recently, India. Ross has also been Assistant News Board of Trustees of the Santa Fe Institute, the Long Now Foundation, Washington for ARD. His work on various talk shows and documen- Marina Ottaway is a Senior Associate for the Director at KQED-TV, Assignment Editor at KPIX-TV and Reporter and the World Affairs Council.Schwartz is the author of Inevitable taries has always been on the forefront of legitimizing the rights of Democracy and Rule of Law Project at the Carnegie for National Public Radio, California Public Radio, Pacifica Radio, and Surprises, a provocative look at the dynamic forces at play in the world minorities. As editor of Israel’s most popular television show, Popolitika, Endowment for International Peace, a research The Guardian of London. today and their implications for business and society. His first book, The it is noteworthy that Michaelis initiated the first dialogues on Israel tel- endeavor that analyzes the state of democracy around Art of the Long View, is considered a seminal publication on scenario evision between PLO officials and Israeli MPs and, later, between a the world and the efforts by the U.S. and other coun- MOHAMED I. SHAKER planning and has been translated into multiple languages. He is also the Syrian MP in Damascus and the leader of the opposition party in tries to promote democracy. Her current work focuses on political Ambassador Mohamed I. Shaker is Vice Chairman of co-author of The Long Boom, a vision for the world characterized by Israel, MK Benjamin Netanyahu. Michaelis has been interviewed by transformation in the Middle East and reconstruction in Iraq and the Board of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs global openness, prosperity, and discovery; When Good Companies Do numerous broadcast and print media outlooks including ABC’s World Afghanistan. She is also a lecturer in African Studies at the Nitze School (ECFA). He has held the position of Chairman since Bad Things, an examination of, and argument for, corporate social News Tonight with Peter Jennings, The New York Times, The Los Angeles for Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. the establishment of the Council in 1999 until responsibility; and China’s Futures, which describes very different sce- Times, and The Columbia Journalism Review, among others. Ottaway carried out research in Africa and in the Middle East and September 2003. Ambassador Shaker is also narios for China and their international implications. He publishes and taught at the University of Addis Ababa, the University of Zambia, the Chairman of the Regional Information Technology Institute (RITI) lectures widely and served as a script consultant on the films such as The American University in Cairo, and the University of the Witwatersrand since 2002 and Advisor to the Chairman of the Board of the Regional Minority Report, Deep Impact, Sneakers, and War Games. Schwartz in South Africa. Ottaway received her Ph.D. from Columbia Information Technology Software and Engineering Centre (RITSEC). received a B.S. in aeronautical engineering and astronautics from University. She is fluent in French and Italian. Her most recent publi- In addition, Ambassador Shaker is Chairman of the Board of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. cations include: Uncharted Journey: Promoting Democracy in the Middle Sawires Foundation for Social Development since 2001. In 2002 he East; Democracy Challenged: The Rise of Semi-Authoritarianism; Funding became a member of the Higher Council for Policies of Egypt’s Virtue: Civil Society Aid and Democracy Promotion, edited with Thomas National Democratic Party (NDP). He has also been selected in Carothers; and Africa’s New Leaders: Democracy or State Reconstruction?10 11
  8. 8. Speakers and Moderators The World Affairs Council RICHARD SKLAR DARIUSH ZAHEDI Ambassador Sklar has a distinguished and honored Currently a visiting professor at UC Berkeley, Dariush 40-year career in private and public sector manage- Zahedi has been a Postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard ment. He received his Bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Cornell Universally in 1957 and University’s Center for Middle Eastern Studies, and his articles have appeared in journals such as Middle we invite you to join went on to found a Cleveland-based manufacturer of consumption equipment of which he was President and CEO. The company was sold in 1973. He later became President and a principal owner of the San Francisco-based construction management firm of East Policy and Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic Review. His current research project is a comparative analysis of state building and modernization in Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan. His second research agenda examines the patterns of political participation the donors circle O’Brien Kreitzberg, Inc., which at the time it was sold was one of the and engagement as well as the political attitudes of Iranian expatriates What are the advantages of being a member of the Donors Circle? largest management construction firms in North America. In 1996, in the U.S. In the summer of 2003, Zahedi was falsely accused of Ambassador Sklar was appointed as President’s Special Representative espionage and imprisoned in Iran for four months. After 60 days, the As a member of the Donors Circle you will meet with world leaders, policy for Economic Reform and Reconstruction to carry out civilian develop- Iranian Ministry of Intelligence found the charges against him to be advisors, Nobel and Pulitzer Prize-winners, corporate executives, and our ment in Bosnia as part of the U.S. brokered peace accords. In 1998, baseless and recommended that he be released unconditionally. trustees at exclusive receptions and dinners. You will also have the opportunity Ambassador Sklar was named U.S. Representative for United Nations Tehran’s prosecutor general, however, refused to accept the ministry’s Reform and Management. He then returned to the Balkans as President recommendation. Instead, the prosecutor transferred Zahedi to the to sponsor students, perhaps moderate a program, define programming, and Clinton’s Special Representative for Economic Reform in Southeast custody of the Intelligence Unit of the Revolutionary Guards, where host events. Over the years members of the Donors Circle have become close Europe and continues to advise the Government of Montenegro on a he was detained for an additional two months. He was finally released friends and look forward to seeing each other as they share their enthusiasm pro bono basis. Currently, Ambassador Sklar serves as President of the on bail and allowed to leave the country. Zahedi has now resumed his San Francisco Public Utilities Commission, acts as the principal eco- teaching in Berkeley. In addition, he is working on the establishment for learning more about our world. Many of the private receptions and dinners nomic advisor to the Prime Minister of Montenegro, and carries out of a center on the study and promotion of social, economic, and polit- are held in the homes of members of the Donors Circle, which further mediation of major public and private legal disputes as an independent ical development at Berkeley. enhances the feeling of camaraderie. mediator. He also recently joined the Board of Trustees at the World Affairs Council of Northern California. JANE WALES * Jane Wales is President and Chief Executive Officer Who will you meet? of the World Affairs Council of Northern California. She is former Associate Director of the White House These are just a few of the prominent figures who have visited with our Donors Circle: Office of Science Technology Policy, and Senior Director of the National Security Council. Prior to Wangari Maathai, 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate; founder of the Green Belt Movement her dual appointment in the Clinton Administration, Wales chaired the international programs at the Carnegie Corporation of New York Robert McNamara, former Secretary of Defense; former President, World Bank and the W. Alton Jones Foundation. She was also Director of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund’s Project on World Security. She served as Cokie Roberts, Senior News Analyst, NPR; political Commentator, ABC News Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Carter Administration and Douglas Feith, Undersecretary of Defense for Policy was National Executive Director of Physicians for Social Responsibility, which shared in the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize. She began Joseph S. Nye Jr., Sultan of Oman Professor of International Relations and former Dean, her career as a journalist and has authored two books. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University Niall Ferguson, Professor of International History, Harvard University; Senior Research Fellow, Jesus College, Oxford University; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University George McGovern, former US Senator and Democratic Presidential Nominee; former Director, US Food for Peace Program; United Nations Global Ambassador on Hunger The Donors Circle consists of five levels of giving beginning at $1,000. As your level of gift giving increases within the Circle, so do your benefits If you are interested in joining the Donors Circle, please contact Michael Lawrence, 415.293.4643 or mlawrence@wacsf.org12 13

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