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Nepal has committed itself to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), 2000. Since then, Nepal has gone through many transformations: an armed conflict has ended; a monarchy has been abolished; the creation of a democracy has begun; a constituent assembly elected, dissolved and second constituent assembly elected; abortion has been legalized. However, while there has been a move towards equality and democracy, the status of women still remains a concern.
While Nepal has been commended for its National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325 and 1820, women’s inclusion in peace-building and transitional justice is still not deemed a priority. As a consequence of this, victims of sexual violence in conflict were excluded from the interim relief plan for conflict victims, and women continue to be excluded in political and decision-making positions at all levels. Impunity, political protection, and a patriarchal state and society continue denying access to justice for women facing gender-based violence. The legal system continues to discriminate against women with, among other provisions:
a. Unequal rights to citizenship,
b. A narrow definition of rape,
c. A 35-day statute of limitation on reporting cases of rape,
d. A ban on women under 30 years migrating to the Gulf for informal work such as domestic work, thus curtailing women’s freedom to mobility.