Healthcare Reform Presentation De Laine Revised2

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Quick overview of the changes coming from the new healthcare reform legislation.

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Healthcare Reform Presentation De Laine Revised2

  1. 1. HEALTH CARE REFORM ANDWHAT IT MEANS TO YOUTheresa DeLaine, MLIS, MBAApril 14, 2011
  2. 2. Disclaimer StatementI declare and affirm under the penalties of perjury that this presentation is a collection of my experiences, resources, and viewpoints. I am not authorized in anyway to present the viewpoints or opinions of my former, current or future employers. In turn, they accept no responsibility for my individual experiences and opinions in this particular presentation.
  3. 3. Agenda• Current Health Care Statistics• What is Health Care Reform?• What’s In It for You?• Pros of Health Care Reform• Cons of Health Care Reform• Current Challenges• Key Takeaways• Questions
  4. 4. Health Care Reform Is Needed
  5. 5. Current Health Care Statistics-HealthInsurance• In 2006, 47 million uninsured:• Coverage was provided through an employer- 59.7%• Individuals purchasing coverage-9.1%• Government-funded coverage-27.0% (Medicare, Medicaid, Military) U. S. Census Bureau
  6. 6. Current Health Care Statistics-HealthInsurance• Medicare covers most of the health care for individuals over 65 years and the disabled.• Accounts for 13.6% of health care coverage in 2006.• Medicaid accounted for 12.9% of coverage in 2006 for low-income individuals.• Funded jointly by Federal and state governments US Census Bureau
  7. 7. Current Health Care Statistics-HealthExpenditures• U.S. spends 2X as much on health care per capita ($7,129) which is more than any other country.• In 2005, personal health care expenditures were paid by private health insurance-36%, federal government-35%, state and local governments-11%, and out-of-pocket payments-15%. National Center for Health
  8. 8. Current Health Care Statistics-HealthExpenditures• 75% of all health care dollars are spent on patients with one or more chronic condition (some are preventable) Diabetes Obesity Heart Disease Lung Disease High Blood Pressure Cancer Health Affairs
  9. 9. Current Health Care Statistics-HealthExpenditures• Average family health insurance premium provided by an employer health benefit program was $11,480 (2006).• Employees paid $2,793 towards the premium amount.• From 2000 to 2006, overall inflation increased 3.5%, wages increased 3.8% and health care premiums increased 87%. Kaiser Family Foundation
  10. 10. What Is Health Care Reform?• Called “Protection and Affordable Care Act”• Enacted on March 23, 2010. Complete law will be phased in through 2018• 2,700 page document• Provides coverage for more than 95% of all Americans• Reduces the deficit by $138 billion over next ten years, with future reductions more than $1.2 trillion in the next decade Committees on Ways & Means,
  11. 11. Health Care Reform• Illegal immigrants will not be allowed to buy health insurance in the exchanges.• In 2014, everyone must purchase health insurance or face a $695 annual fine. There are some exemptions for low-income people.• No health care plan will be required to offer abortion coverage. CBSnews.com
  12. 12. Health Care Reform• Starting in 2014, insurance companies cannot deny coverage to anyone with pre-existing conditions.• Federal government pays 100% of costs for covering newly eligible individuals through 2016.• The law will require states to expand Medicaid to include childless adults starting in 2014. CBSnews.com
  13. 13. Health Care Reform• Medicaid expands to include 133% of federal poverty level, which is $29,327 for a family of four.• Law requires a 10% excise tax on indoor tanning services.• Increase the hospital tax rate by 0.9% points on an individual taxpayer earning over $200,000 ($250,000 for married filing jointly), in 2013. CBSNews.com
  14. 14. What’s In It For You?
  15. 15. Families with Children• Can add or keep your children on your health insurance policy until they turn 26 years old• Young adult children can join or remain on your plan whether or not the are:• Married, living with you, In school, Financially dependent on you, or Eligible to enroll in their employer’s plan HealthCare.gov
  16. 16. Families with Children• There will be a 3.8% tax on investment income for families making more than $250,000/year and ($200,000 for individuals).• Starting in 2018,insurance companies will pay 40% excise tax on “Cadillac” high-end insurance plans worth over $27,5000 for families ($10,200 for individuals). Dental and vision plans are exempt and not counted in total cost of a family’s plan. HealthCare.gov
  17. 17. Families with Children• Exception: Until 2014, “grandfathered” group plans do not have to offer dependent coverage up to age 26, if a young adult is eligible for group coverage outside their parent’s plan. HealthCare.gov
  18. 18. “Grandfathered” Plans• If you have health care coverage from a plan that existed on March 23, 2010. This has covered at least one person continuously from that day forward— the plan is considered to be “grandfathered”.• This provision prohibits lifetime dollar limits to key health benefits. HealthCare.gov
  19. 19. “Grandfathered” Plans• These plans are not permitted to cancel insurance coverage solely because of an honest mistake made on your insurance application.• Must extend dependent coverage to an enrollee’s adult children until they turn 26 years.• These protections are added to your plans on or after September 23, 2010. HelathCare.gov
  20. 20. Seniors/Retirees• Medicare covers some preventive care without charging the Part B deductibles and coinsurance.• Free annual wellness examination• Medicare benefits are not being reduced or taken away.• Can choose your own physicians HealthCare.gov
  21. 21. Seniors/Retirees• Law creates CLASS (Community Living Assistance Services & Support for people needing help with activities of daily living, after 2012.• CLASS is a voluntary, enrollment- based insurance program to provide resources for activities of daily living in the home.• Patients will get a cash allowance to help pay for this in-home support. HealthCare.gov
  22. 22. Seniors/Retirees• CLASS will be an alternative to nursing home placement.• People with Disabilities regardless of age will be able to participate in CLASS. HealthCare.gov
  23. 23. Medicare Part D “Donut Hole” • Medicare Part D prescription plans have a coverage gap called the ”donut hole.” After you spend a certain amount of money for covered drugs, you have to pay all costs out-of-pocket for your prescriptions up to a yearly limit. Once you have spent up to the yearly limit, your coverage gap end and your drug plan helps pay for covered drugs again. HealthCare.gov
  24. 24. Medicare Part D “Donut Hole • Starting January 1, 2011, if you reach the coverage gap, you will automatically get a 50% discount on covered brand name drugs. • You get this discount at the pharmacy or through mail order, until you reach catastrophic covered phase. HealthCare.gov
  25. 25. Medicare Part D “Donut Hole • You will get a 7% discount on generic drugs while in this coverage gap. • Expect additional savings on your covered brand-name & generic drugs while in the gap over the next 10 years until the gap is closed in 2020. HealthCare.gov
  26. 26. Medicare Part D “Donut HoleRequirements • Must be enrolled in a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan or a Medicare Advantage plan. • This program is to help those with limited resources. • Must reach the coverage gap • Entire drug cost will count toward the amount you need for catastrophic coverage HealthCare.gov
  27. 27. Early Retirees• Law provides resources to employer-based retiree health plans for those people that retire before age 65. HealthCare.gov
  28. 28. Military/Veterans • New law does not effect current plans from Veteran Health Administration • New does not effect TRICARE or TRICARE for Life benefits your family currently receives • You will be able to purchase additional coverage if you want through the new health insurance Exchanges, which open in 2014 HealthCare.gov
  29. 29. Military/Veterans • You will benefit from new consumer protections, if you have private insurance coverage • If you are a veteran that is not eligible for VA health care or other coverage, you and your family may be eligible to receive tax credits for insurance you buy in the exchanges HealthCare.gov
  30. 30. Uninsured • Coverage in high- risk pool if you have a pre-existing condition • Discrimination ban extends to all adults in 2014 after Exchanges are created & high risk pools are phased out. www.HealthCare.gov
  31. 31. Privately Insured• No discrimination against children with pre-existing conditions• Ban on lifetime coverage limits• Ban on insurance plans dropping you if you get sick• Free preventive care• Regulate annual limits on coverage under new plans www.HealthCare.gov
  32. 32. Privately Insured• Regulate annual limits on coverage under new plans• New, independent appeals process• Requirement that plans put more of your premiums into care, less into insurance company profits• Restrict CEO pay depending on market size www.HealthCare.gov
  33. 33. Small Employers• Small Business Tax Credits- 35% premiums in 2010 and 50% in 2014• Employers with fewer than 50 employees are exempt from new employer responsibility policies• In 2014, small businesses with fewer than 100 employees can shop for insurance within the Exchanges. www.HealthCare.gov
  34. 34. Large Employers • Employers with more than 50 employees is considered a large employer. • Must provide health insurance for employees or pay a fine of $2000 per worker each year, if any worker receives federal subsidies to purchase insurance. www.HealthCare.gov
  35. 35. Rural Communities • Limited access to health services • Travel longer distance to get health care • Greater access to primary care providers- 16,000 new providers over next 5 years • Capping out-of-pocket expenses www.HealthCare.gov
  36. 36. Rural Communities • Prevention & wellness benefits for free • More Community Health Centers will get more funding to see more patients • National Health Service Corps will be expanded in order to provide loans & scholarships to primary care providers in rural areas HealthCare.gov
  37. 37. Health Care Providers• Investments in electronic health record adoption• Patients will get new rights to choose their primary care professionals• Reduce paperwork and administrative hassles HealthCare.gov
  38. 38. Health Care Providers• New investment in training for more primary care doctors• Paying Physicians based on value not volume to increase quality care (2015)• Lower the burden of uncompensated care on physicians and other health facilities www.HealthCare.gov
  39. 39. Pros of Health Care Reform• Needed because of higher costs• Provides cheaper prescriptions for seniors• Reducing costs, fraud, abuse and paying for quality over quantity• More coverage & preventive care for all legal U.S. residents• Insurance companies must cover everyone-No pre- existing conditions or exclusions Business Pundit
  40. 40. Cons of Health Care Reform• Adds $940 Billion to the Federal deficit over next ten years• Higher Medicare taxes for businesses and families earning more than $250,000• Cuts in Medicare benefits of $500 Billion before 72 Million “Baby Boomers” become eligible for benefits Business Pundit
  41. 41. Current Challenges to Health CareReforms• Possible “de-funding” of the Health Care Reform bill in Congress• Legal suits to determine constitutionality of the reform by 26 states & National Federation of Independent Business—ultimately will go to the Supreme Court• Waivers given to unions, states and some employers Orange County Register
  42. 42. Key Takeaways • Reform and changes are needed to reduce costs and increase access. • Changes are varied by customer segment— elderly, families, companies, etc. • Changes are phased in over several years (2010-2018). • Emphasis on quality and prevention will also lead to less costs.
  43. 43. Questions
  44. 44. References and Resources• Health Reform- www.healthreform.gov• Health Care Statistics in U.S. – www.healthpaonline.net/health-care- statistics-in-the-united-states.htm• Health Care- www.HealthCare.gov

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