Urban Forest Counsel Ppt2009

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I presented this to the San Diego Urban Forest Counsel with Mark Wysniewski (forgive me if I mispell your name, Mark). We have worked together on several occurences on the issues regarding Maintenance vs. Management. An important presentation for any company with a large amount of Arborscape to experience. Please let me know if you are interested in this presentation.

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Urban Forest Counsel Ppt2009

  1. 1. Managing and Maintaining the Urban Forest’s Forest<br />Presented By:<br />Mark Wisniewski – Wisniewski & Associates<br />ISA Certified Arborist WE-0742A<br />Landscape Architect 3281<br />Adam Heard – Four Seasons Tree Care, Inc.<br />San Diego Division Manager<br />ISA Certified Arborist WE-7763A<br />
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  3. 3. Managing and Maintaining the Urban Forest<br />There are 2 different components to taking care of the valuable tree assets in the Urban Forest:<br />Both are and .<br />necessary<br />critical<br />MAINTENANCE<br />MANAGEMENT<br />
  4. 4. Why Bother to Manage and Maintain Trees?<br />If trees are not properly managed and maintained they can cause , or .<br />property damage<br />personal injury<br />death<br />Dr. Ed Gilman<br />
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  7. 7. Some Reasons to Manage and Maintain the Urban Forest<br />Safety:<br />of tree owners & property<br />Safety:<br />of the general public<br />of tree workers and landscapers<br />Safety:<br />
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  9. 9. Some Reasons to Manage and Maintain the Urban Forest<br />Increase shading <br />Other environmental benefits<br />Increase aesthetics and property values<br />Control and reduce costs<br />
  10. 10. What is the Difference Between Tree Management and Tree Maintenance?<br />
  11. 11. Managing the Urban Forest<br />Management includes:<br /><ul><li> A written long term plan
  12. 12. Guidance for decision making
  13. 13. Consistency - does not change with changes in personnel
  14. 14. Demonstrates reasonable due diligence and fiduciary responsibility
  15. 15. Utilizes outside consultants that are knowledgeable, trained, qualified, independent, and objective</li></li></ul><li>Managing the Urban Forest<br />Management includes:<br /><ul><li> Decision making based on science, national standards and best management practices
  16. 16. Establishes reasons for pruning, removal and planting
  17. 17. Goals, evaluation criteria, inventory, mapping and specifications for maintenance
  18. 18. Annual inspection and evaluation of every tree
  19. 19. A prioritized work plan for pruning, removal and planting based on the annual inspection</li></li></ul><li>Maintaining the Urban Forest<br />Maintenance includes:<br /><ul><li> Removal
  20. 20. Mulching
  21. 21. Removal of tree stakes
  22. 22. Pest Management
  23. 23. Pruning
  24. 24. Planting
  25. 25. Watering
  26. 26. Fertilization</li></li></ul><li>Managing and Maintaining the Urban Forest<br />Management should and the maintenance work based on a plan.<br />control<br />direct<br />Not just by a:<br /><ul><li>Squeaky wheel
  27. 27. Crisis situation
  28. 28. Emergency response</li></li></ul><li>Maintenance deferred is always more costly and sometimesDEADLY.<br />
  29. 29. To Manage Trees you Need to Start With Answers to Some Basic Questions:<br />What do we have?<br />How many trees?<br />What species are they?<br />What condition are they in?<br />Why are they being pruned?<br />
  30. 30. How Much Does Tree Maintenance Cost?<br />There are a few things you need to know:<br />How much to annually contribute to a tree reserve fund?<br />How much to annually budget from the reserve fund for maintenance?<br />Why a reserve fund instead of a budgeted line item?<br />
  31. 31. What’s wrong with most community management plans?<br />Usually not a plan, but a prescription for over-pruning that is costly for both the community and the trees.<br />Although easy to remember this does not address the real needs of the community and is damaging to the trees.<br />
  32. 32. <ul><li>Reduce potential wildfire damage
  33. 33. Remove or adjust tree stakes
  34. 34. Turf and ground covers around trunks
  35. 35. Planting new or replacement trees</li></ul>BAD!!!<br />GOOD!<br />Conditions That Require Work:<br />Hazardous trees<br /><ul><li>Clearance for safety
  36. 36. Improve tree structure
  37. 37. Train young trees
  38. 38. Circling or girdling roots
  39. 39. Mulching</li></li></ul><li>But Why Not Prune Every 1, 2, 3 or 4 Years?<br />Few trees, except some palms, require frequent pruning<br />Topping creates hazardous trees<br />“Lions Tailing” creates hazardous trees<br />Over-thinning or “lacing” weakens trees<br />“Don’t call tree mutilators BUTCHERS, <br /> butchers are highly skilled people.”<br />Dr. Alex Shigo<br />Light lacing<br />Heavy lacing<br />
  40. 40. Trees have leaves for a reason:<br />Leaves produce the energy the tree needs to grow.<br />Energy (carbohydrates and sugars) are stored as reserves.<br />Energy is the tree’s money and stored energy is it’s retirement account. <br />
  41. 41. They are called leaves for a reason…<br />Leave Them Alone!<br />Leave Them On The Tree!<br />
  42. 42. Why is turf harmful to trees?<br />Out competes trees for water<br />Reduces tree vigor<br />Results in damage to trees from maintenance equipment<br />
  43. 43. Why remove ground cover?<br />Prevents inspection of the root collar of the tree<br />Can conceal defects like decay or circling and girdling roots<br />Increases moisture on the lower trunk by shading<br />Can lead to disease or fungus problems<br />
  44. 44. Is a root collar inspection really necessary?<br />YES!<br />The root collar is the most critical part of the tree to evaluate for vigor and safety.<br />GOOD!<br />BAD!!!<br />
  45. 45. Current National Standards for Tree Work<br />Safety Requirements – ANSI Z133.1-2000<br /><ul><li> 9.1.1 - A visual hazard assessment including the root collar shallbe performed prior to climbing, entering or performing any work in the tree.</li></ul>Standard Practices (pruning) – ANSI A300-2001<br /><ul><li> 5.1 – Tree inspection
  46. 46. 5.1.1 – An arborist or arborist trainee shall visually inspect each tree before beginning work.
  47. 47. 5.1.2 – If a condition is observed requiring attention beyond the original scope of work, the condition should be reported to an immediate supervisor, the owner, or the person responsible for authorizing the work.</li></li></ul><li>There are two different components to taking care of a community’s valuable tree assets. Both are critical and necessary. <br />Management<br />and<br />Maintenance<br />
  48. 48. Why are management and maintenance so important?<br /><ul><li> If trees are not properly managed and maintained they can cause property damage, personal injury or death.
  49. 49. Trees are an integral part of a community’s infrastructure just like streets, drainage systems and lighting.</li></li></ul><li>Some Reasons to Manage and Maintain the Urban Forest<br />Safety:<br />of tree owners & property<br />Safety:<br />of the general public<br />of tree workers and landscapers<br />Safety:<br />
  50. 50. Some Reasons to Manage and Maintain the Urban Forest<br />Increase shading <br />Other environmental benefits<br />Increase aesthetics and property values<br />Control and reduce costs<br />
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  52. 52. Thank you!<br />
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  56. 56. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2wChO770GIU&feature=related<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=65Chy5kPQ-Y<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GkuG_RTS15I<br />

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