Written Language: Pictures to the Alphabet Claudetta Estes RDG 511
<ul><li>“ Written language develops when oral language is insufficient for meeting language needs of a society” </li></ul>...
Why Written Language? <ul><li>Even societies that appear to have no written language use symbols or graphics in order to c...
<ul><li>Around 3000 B.C.E. language was found  </li></ul><ul><li>Land lies along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates riv...
<ul><li>20,000 years ago.  </li></ul><ul><li>These drawings and paintings developed later into &quot;pictograms&quot;.  </...
Pictograms in Mainstream Culture <ul><li>Hospital, Airport… </li></ul><ul><li>A form of pictograms can also be found in ma...
Cuneiform Writing <ul><li>Mesopotamia’s Written Language </li></ul><ul><li>This literally meant &quot;wedged shape&quot;. ...
<ul><li>The Egyptians had developed a writing system similar to the Sumerians called &quot;hieroglyphics&quot;. Hieroglyph...
Logographic System <ul><li>Writing for different cultures – Three Writing Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Logographic system is ...
<ul><li>A syllabic system is a syllable writing system that is used in Japan.  </li></ul><ul><li>They have two systems. On...
<ul><li>The alphabetic system is a sound writing system common to most modern cultures.  </li></ul><ul><li>Though alphabet...
<ul><li>“ Language is a living, dynamic organism” (Goodman).  </li></ul><ul><li>We us all forms of communication in order ...
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Written Language2

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Written Language2

  1. 1. Written Language: Pictures to the Alphabet Claudetta Estes RDG 511
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Written language develops when oral language is insufficient for meeting language needs of a society” </li></ul><ul><li>~Ken Goodman </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Written Language? <ul><li>Even societies that appear to have no written language use symbols or graphics in order to communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Written language becomes necessary, however when societies and their cultures spread out and develop in complex ways. (Goodman) </li></ul><ul><li>When a culture needs a written language they simply invent it in order to communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication in Society </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Around 3000 B.C.E. language was found </li></ul><ul><li>Land lies along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This area today is now modern Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>Early Mesopotamian writing was found in trade, business and farm records. </li></ul><ul><li>Mesopotamia traded regularly with ancient Egyptian and ancient Indian civilizations, thus having the idea of writing spread into other cultures. </li></ul>Mesopotamia <ul><li>The first written language? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>20,000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>These drawings and paintings developed later into &quot;pictograms&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>These paintings depicted literal portrayals of various aspects of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictograms gradually developed into &quot;ideograms”. </li></ul><ul><li>They represented ideas rather than objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideograms might include a picture of the sun to represent heat, light and daytime. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideograms became more abstract and eventually began to represent the sounds of spoken language </li></ul>Pictograms and ideograms <ul><li>Pictures that evolved.. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pictograms in Mainstream Culture <ul><li>Hospital, Airport… </li></ul><ul><li>A form of pictograms can also be found in mainstream cultures as road signs, on public bathroom doors, and used to represent a place to eat, to sleep, to fill your gas tank, or make a phone call. These symbols are internationally recognizable, producing meaning that might not be expressible in spoken language. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cuneiform Writing <ul><li>Mesopotamia’s Written Language </li></ul><ul><li>This literally meant &quot;wedged shape&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>They pressed a wedged shape object in clay tablets. </li></ul><ul><li>Each of these abstract symbols represented a single word. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Egyptians had developed a writing system similar to the Sumerians called &quot;hieroglyphics&quot;. Hieroglyphics were also pictographic. </li></ul><ul><li>It came to represent syllables, and the sounds of language. </li></ul><ul><li>Around 1500 B.C. the Phoenicians of the eastern shores of the Mediterranean adopted the Egyptian hieroglyphics and developed them into a set of 22 consonant vowel pairs. </li></ul><ul><li>This syllabic system was later used by the Greeks. </li></ul>Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Egypt's Language </li></ul>
  9. 9. Logographic System <ul><li>Writing for different cultures – Three Writing Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Logographic system is a word writing system. </li></ul><ul><li>An idea of this system is single characters represent single words. The problem with this system is that thousands of symbols must be memorized. </li></ul><ul><li>In recent years the Chinese government has adopted a spelling system using the Roman alphabet, called &quot;Pinyin&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Pinyin can be used to teach the intensive logographic system. It is used to help foreigners, often found on street signs and other forms of instruction. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>A syllabic system is a syllable writing system that is used in Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>They have two systems. One, called &quot;kana&quot;, is made up of two 46 characters syllabaries, &quot;katakana&quot; and &quot;hiragana”. </li></ul><ul><li>The first represents syllables and the second represents inflections. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese language can be represented with kana. </li></ul><ul><li>All words can be represented in kana, and many of those can also be represented in kanji. Other syllabic writing systems are used by the Cherokee people. </li></ul><ul><li>There writing system was developed relatively recently in 1821. </li></ul>Syllabic System <ul><li>Writing for different cultures – Three Writing Systems </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The alphabetic system is a sound writing system common to most modern cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>Though alphabetic systems can appear quite different from each other, they all have a common letter to sound correspondence. </li></ul><ul><li>Most alphabetic systems do not represent every sound with a different letter. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States uses an alphabetic system to produce written language. </li></ul>Alphabetic System <ul><li>Writing for different cultures – Three Writing Systems </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ Language is a living, dynamic organism” (Goodman). </li></ul><ul><li>We us all forms of communication in order to communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Language is the most important idea in reading and making sense of our world. </li></ul>Conclusion <ul><li>Written Language Importance </li></ul>

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