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Second opportunity education in Spain


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Second opportunity education in Spain

  1. 1. Noemí Álvarez Villar María Luisa March Blasco Learning together to prevent early school drop-outs: making a model.
  2. 2. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March <ul><li>Noemí Álvarez: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Galician language teacher in Compulsory Secondary education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adviser for teachers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Luisa March: </li></ul><ul><li>- Guidance Counsellor. Head of Department </li></ul><ul><li>IES Virgen de Valme </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory and no compulsory Secondary Education </li></ul>
  3. 3. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March Spain Andalucía Galicia
  4. 4. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March Spain <ul><li>Spain is divided in Autonomous Comunities (17). </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sunny country”? It depends, there are many differents between North and South. </li></ul><ul><li>1 official language in the country, and 3 co-official languages in some comunities: galician, catalan, vasco. </li></ul>
  5. 5. SPANISH PUPILS 2008-2009 (Non-University Education) 5.008.492 (67.5%) 2.411.497
  6. 6. Entry exam >18 years and from same family COMPULSORY EDUCATION Compulsory Secondary Education Primary Education Infant Education 16 6 18 12 4th 1st 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 2nd 3rd 0 a g e Baccalaureate Intermediate Vocational Training Courses Higher Vocational Training Courses Technician Advanced Technician University Baccalaureate Certificate or Diploma General Certificate of Secundary Education 2nd 1st (At the age of 20) (At the age of 18) 1st Cycle 2nd Cycle 3rd Cycle 5 4 3 2 1 University entry exam Entry exam 1st. Stage or Cycle 2nd Stage or Cycle 3rd. Stage or Cycle Bachelor of Arts/ Science degree Programme of initial proffesional cualification
  8. 8. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March INFANT EDUCATION <ul><li>Covers up to the age of six. </li></ul><ul><li>Not compulsory. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils can remain one more year in infant education when they do not obtain the general objectives of this stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Second cycle (from 3 to 6) is public funded. </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRIMARY EDUCATION 3º cycle 2º cycle 1º cycle ESO <ul><li>SUBJECT AREAS: </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of the Natural, Social and Cultural Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic Education </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Education </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Language and Literature </li></ul><ul><li>{Galician Language and Literature} </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Languages </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Education for the citizenship. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March PRIMARY EDUCATION <ul><li>Comprises ages 6-12. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the first compulsory stage in the educational system. </li></ul><ul><li>It is divided into three cycles. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils move automatically from one cycle to the next. </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptionally, pupils can remain one more year in this stage . </li></ul>
  11. 11. COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION (ESO) 1 º 2º 3º 4 º Certificate <ul><li>Baccalaureate </li></ul><ul><li>S. Vocational Training: Intermediate Level </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic Art Cycles: Intermediate Level </li></ul>PRIMARY EDUCATION No Certific . PROGRAMMES OF INITIAL PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION
  12. 12. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION <ul><li>Comprises ages 12-16. </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory Secondary Education and Primary Education constitute the ten years of basic, compulsory education, common to all pupils. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils are not promoted automatically from one year to the next. Those who fail more than two subjects must repeat the year. </li></ul><ul><li>(Sometimes, more than three). </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils can stay at this level until they are eighteen. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils who have attained the objectives receive a Certificate of Secondary Education. This qualification allows to accede to Baccalaureate and to Intermediate Level of Specific Vocational Training. </li></ul><ul><li>Programmes of Initial Professional Qualification are designed for pupils who don't obtain the Certificate of Secondary Education: pupils get a Level 1 Professional Qualification; some of them, may obtain the Certificate of Secondary Education. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March PROGRAMMES OF INITIAL PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION (level 1) <ul><li>For those students who have not successfully complete the Compulsory Secondary Education. </li></ul><ul><li>One or two years course devoted to initial vocational training (level 1), reading and numeracy basic skills, and guidance for the entrance into the labour market. </li></ul><ul><li>Once finished it, students may obtain the official diploma and can incorporate again to the education system or to the labour market. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Baccalaureate SCIENCE AND THECNOLOGY HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE ARTS COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION Plastic arts: Higher level Voc. Training: Higher level U n i v e r s i t y
  15. 15. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION (BACCALAUREATE) <ul><li>The Baccalaureate is a two year-course (aged 16-18). </li></ul><ul><li>To move up from the first to the second year, pupils must not fail in more than two subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>Only pupils who have passed all subjects receive the Certificate, entitling them to access to Higher Level of Vocational Training or University Studies (after having passed a University Entrance Examination ) </li></ul>
  16. 16. SPECIFIC VOCATIONAL TRAINING Compulsory Secondary Education Baccalaureate Intermediate Vocational Training Level (Technician) Productive World Higher Vocational Training level (Advanced Technician) Entry Exam Programmes of Initial Professional Qualification University University Entry exam Entry Exam Entry Exam Entry Exam Some Studies
  17. 17. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March SPECIFIC VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN SPAIN <ul><li>Set of educational actions preparing for the performance of the different professions and the access to employment. </li></ul><ul><li>Each of these sets of educational actions is called “ciclo formativo”. </li></ul><ul><li>Two levels: intermediate and advanced (levels 2 and 3). </li></ul><ul><li>It is related to the National System on Qualifications and Vocational Training. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March INTERMEDIATE SPECIFIC VOCATIONAL TRAINING LEVEL <ul><li>To be admitted to the Intermediate Level it will be necessary to have successfully completed the Compulsory Secondary Education </li></ul><ul><li>However, access will also be possible by means of a test regulated by the Education Authorities. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 22 different professional families. </li></ul><ul><li>Upon successful completion of Intermediate Vocational Training, students receive the qualification of Technical Specialist or Technician, with which they may enrol in the Baccalaureate. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March HIGHER SPECIFIC VOCATIONAL TRAINING LEVEL <ul><li>For access to Higher Specific Vocational Training Level will be necessary to have the Baccalaureate Certificate. </li></ul><ul><li>However, candidates aged 19 or over may also gain admission through a test, regulated by the education authorities </li></ul><ul><li>The qualification of Advanced Technician is obtained upon successful completion of Higher Specific Vocational Training Level. </li></ul><ul><li>This qualification allows pupils to enrol directly in University studies in fields related to the trade for which they have been previously trained. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March SPECIFIC VOCATIONAL TRAINING <ul><li>On-the-job training comprises 300-700 hours in real work environment. </li></ul><ul><li>There are at the moment more than 142 “ciclos formativos”, organized in 22 occupational families . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March Entry into the labour market: <ul><li>79 % of pupils who finish their Vocational Training courses find their first job in the first year. </li></ul><ul><li>21 % continue their studies or don’t find a job the first year. </li></ul><ul><li>28,2 % get their first job in the same company where they did their on-the-job training. </li></ul>
  22. 22. OTHER POSIBILITIES TO FINISH ESO <ul><li>1.PDC (Programme for curricula diversification) </li></ul><ul><li>2.EPA (education for adult people) </li></ul><ul><li>3.Free exams </li></ul>Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March
  23. 23. OTHER POSIBILITIES TO FINISH ESO <ul><li>1. PDC: Requerements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For young people (+15) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They need helping education in the first cycle of ESO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They have difficulties for finish the compulsory education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk of drop-out. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a option with the minimum requerements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students obtain the certificate of ESO. </li></ul></ul>Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March
  24. 24. OTHER POSIBILITIES TO FINISH ESO <ul><li>2. Free exams (+16) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some councils make courses for preparing this exams. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. EPA: Requerements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For adults (+18) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part time (evening course) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students obtain the certificate of ESO. </li></ul></ul>Noemí Álvarez-Luisa March
  25. 25. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING [email_address] [email_address] May, 2010.Liepaja.