Human activities such as logging and construction change our surrondings. Changes in sorroundings may cause enviromental destruction and affect the survival of species. Some species may endangered or even become extinct.
The phenomenon when a certain animal species become rare to find and cease to exist is called extinction. Many animals were history as they are permanently disappear in the world.
Today, many animals are becoming rare because their number is getting fewer. If these animals continue decrease in number, they will eventually become extinct. We call such animals endangered species.
Beside animals, many plants are also facing the threat of extinction. Others have become rare and endangered. Some examples ofendangered plants are timber species, the mangrove species, the black pitcher plant and some species of orchids.
Nyatoh Tree Shorea Mangrove Tualang(Meranti) plants Tree
Deforestation Agrochemical Illegal hunting Killing or poaching of animals
Humans clear the forest and cut the hills to build homes and other develpoment projects such as factories, highways and farming. The enviroment is being changed to suit human needs. When this happens, plants and animals that shelter the animals are being destroyed.
Humans pollute the enviromnt by releasing toxic gases and substances such as lead, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide into the air. The widespread use of agrochemical in agricultral sectors pollute the soil and water. These pollutions kill many animals.
Excessive and illegal hunting or poaching of animals for their meat, skin and fur, horns and other animal products also contribute to the decline in the number of certain species.
Malaysia government has designated conservtion area where plants and animls are protected in their natural habitats. Keeping and breeding the protecting animals species in capacity in the zoo. Implement tighter legislation regarding the protection of plant and animal species. Educating the public and enhancing awareness of the importance of preservation and conservation.