10 Steps In Conducting A Science ProjectPredented by Wong MC@2011
STEP 1Step 1 – Browsing Start by skimming through general science books or science magazines to get some idea. Write out the main idea of the whole article in one sentence. Start with specific questions the article answers or asks. Try to make connections with your previous
STEP 2Step 2- Make A List Make a list of possible topics for a science project. Eliminate the "not so good" ideas later than to add "better " ones late in the game. Determine what hypothesis it is supposed to test, and fill in all the background information leading to the hypothesis. Be sure that the experiments you choose are
STEP 3Step 3 - Data That Raise A Question What do you already know that causes you to ask the question? Asking the question to be carefully thought out and carefully worded to be sure the answer will tell you what you want to know. . The question then becomes the title of your project
STEP 4Step 4 - Search of Literature Organizing data, and looking for patterns and connections. Answers to your question may have already been suggested. If possible, design a different test of the same hypothesis. Repeating the tests that other researchers have done is also an important part of science, dont just take their word for a final conclusion.
STEP 5Step 5 – State The Hipotesis An hypothesis is a statement of cause and effect relationships which lead you to expect that the predicted outcome will occur. Remember that an hypothesis is not just a prediction. The hypothesis must be carefully stated in such a way that predictions made from it can be tested by experiment or controlled
STEP 6Step 6 – Test The Hypothesis By Experiment Write out in complete detail exactly what you will do: - What materials and supplies will you need? - What safety precautions will you use ? - What will you do, exactly, step by step ? - What factors will you control, how ? - What factor will you change, how ? - What will you measure ? - What data will you record ? - What differences will you look for ? - What do the results mean, how will you decide ?
STEP 7Step 7 – Have The Plan Approved Get approval of your teacher before implementing your plan. This is for guidance, as well as a check for safety and legality. Many books list activities which are no longer acceptable.
STEP 8Step 8 - Keep A Running Record Record down everything you do as you do it, everything you see as it happens, including any mistakes, accidents, or changes in plan. Analyze your results, and evaluate your hypothesis. Is the hypothesis strengthened ? weakened ? rejected ? What new questions were raised by the results of your test ?
STEP 9Step 9 – Writing The Report Before completing the final draft of your report, have it read by family, friends, or fellow students. Not only for errors such as spelling, but for parts they do not understand and could be rewritten to be clearer. Be ready to answer questions and explain your project to teacher, judges, or anyone
STEP 10Step 10 – Planning The Display A display should be a summary of the project. It should give the viewer a quick idea of what you did, why you did it, how you did it, and what the results were. Photographs, data in graphs and charts are good ideas and helpful. Plan the display and share the plan for editorial opinions before starting construction.