Project of Group Two
Maan Wong, Anya Soriano, Ariane
Velasquez, Nikka Torres,
Ferdinand Mansibang, and Erwin
A) Definition of Nursing
B) History of Nursing
C) Traits of Nurse
D) Health/ Medical Equipments
* Clinical Thermometer *Medical Gloves
* Stethoscope *Forceps
* Sphygmomanometer *Scissors
E) Health/ Medical Skills
* Hand Washing
* Taking Vital Signs
* Rendering Tepid Sponge Bath
* Administering Medications
Medical/Health NURSING Traits of a
Is a science and an art that focuses on promoting
quality of life as defined by persons and families,
throughout their life experiences from birth to care at
the end of life .
The oldest sense of the word in the English language
is a woman employed to suckle and generally care for a
EMPATHY understanding of another’s feeling
Nurses regularly deal with people who are scared and in pain. They must be able to put
themselves in their patients’ shoes if they are going to give them the quality of care that a
good nurse provides.
RESPONSIBLE answerable to somebody
If a person cannot care about the people they are serving, they will not excel as a nurse.
Nurses deal with the sick and injured and their families on a daily basis, and they need to
be able to show them that they truly care about their situation.
UNDERSTANDING knowledge of someone’s wishes or wants
COMPASSIONATE showing sympathy
• Be Detail-Oriented: Nurses must remember to write everything they do on patients’ charts. They
must also remember to bring medications at the correct times. Being an organized detail-oriented
person is therefore crucial for someone in this career field.
• Be Emotionally Stable: Nurses feel the joy of seeing a new baby born, followed by the pain of
losing a long-term patient who had become a friend. Emotional stability is crucial in order to survive
the roller coaster ride of emotions nurses must endure on a daily basis.
• Be Adaptable: No day is quite like the next when you work as a nurse, so they need to be able to
adapt to circumstances. People are unpredictable at the best of times, but under stress become even
more unpredictable, so a nurse’s typical workday will require flexibility and adaptability.
• Have Physical Endurance: Breaks for nurses are few and far between. They are on their feet all
day, sometimes for 12 or more hours at a time, so nurses must have good physical endurance to
succeed in nursing.
• Be a Quick Thinker: When a nurse notices something is not right with a patient, they need to be
able to make decisions quickly and put their plans into action instantly. Nursing is not the career for
someone who needs time to think about a situation before responding, because even a fraction of a
second can mean the difference between life and death.
• Have Great Judgement: A nurse must be able to look at a patient’s current state and accurately
assess what is or is not needed. This must happen quickly during emergencies. Nurses therefore need
sound judgment and maturity.
• Be Hard-Working: Nursing is a never ending job. Someone is always ill and in need of some sort of
aid or attention. Its also unusual for a hospital or medical centre to be overstaffed, which of course
means more workload on each nurse in the unit. Being a hard worker is therefore a very important
• Have Great Communication Skills: Nurses communicate with each other, doctors, patients,
and patients’ families on a daily basis, so being able to communicate clearly and effectively, and to
read people is necessary for people in this career
A) HOME NURSING is care given to an individual in the home.
B) PRACTICAL NURSING is the practice of nursing under the
supervision or direction of a registered nurse, licenses physician, or
C) EMERGENCY NURSING is a specialty in which nurses care for
patients in the emergency or critical phase of their illness or injury.
Florence Nightingale It was during time of war
that a significant development in nursing history arose
when English nurse Florence Nightingale, working to
improve conditions of soldiers in the Crimean War, laid
the foundation stone of professional nursing with the
principles summarised in the book Notes on Nursing.
Mary Jane Seacole sometimes known as Mother
Seacole or Mary Grant, was a Jamaican-born British
nurse best known for her involvement in the Crimean
War. She set up and operated boarding houses in Panama
and Crimea to assist in her desire to treat the sick. Seacole
was taught herbal remedies and folk medicine by her
mother, who kept a boarding house for disabled European
soldiers and sailors.
Agnes Elizabeth (became the first trained Nursing Superintendent of Liverpool
Workhouse Infirmary) and Linda Richards established quality nursing schools in USA
Linda Richards was officially America’s first trained
nurse, graduating in 1873 from the New England Hospital
for Women and Children in Boston.
New Zealand was the first country to regulate nurses nationally.
North Carolina was the first state in US to pass a nursing licensure law in 1903.
Ellen Dougherty a New Zealand nurse, was the first Registered Nurse in the
world. She trained at Wellington Hospital from 1885 and completed a
certificate in nursing in 1887.
1) CLINICAL THERMOMETER used to measure body
a) ORAL TEMPERATURE (mouth) may only be taken from a patient who is
capable of holding the thermometer in their mouth correctly and securely.
b) RECTAL TEMPERATURE (anus) is the most accurate method.
c) EAR & FOREHEAD TEMPERATURE
MEDICAL/ CLINICAL THERMOMETER ELECTRONIC CLINICAL THERMOMETERS
2) TYMPANIC THERMOMETER measures the temperature of
the tympanum by infrared measurement.
3) BAND THERMOMETER is applied to the patient’s brow.
4) SPHYGMOMANOMETER is a device for measuring blood
Is designed to monitor blood pressure by measuring the
force of the blood in the heart where the pressure is greatest.
a) MERCURY- BASED UNIT has a manually inflatable cuff attached by tubing
to the unit that is calibrated in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
b) ANEROID UNIT is mercury free consists of a cuff that can be applied with
one hand for self- testing; a stethoscope that is built in or attached ; and a valve that
inflates and deflates automatically with the data displayed on an easy to read
gauge that will function in any position.
BULB AND AIR VALVE
c) AUTOMATIC UNIT is also mercury free and is typically battery- operated.
It has a cuff that can be applied with one hand for self- testing, and a valve
that automatically inflates and deflates. The reading is displayed digitally.
• SYSTOLIC PRESSURE when blood is pumped from the heart to the rest of the body.
• DIASTOLIC PRESSURE when the heart is relaxed between beats and pressure is
5) STETHOSCOPE is an acoustic medical device for auscultation or
listening to internal sounds in a human or animal body.
6) PENLIGHT small flashlight resembling fountain pen.
7) MEDICAL GLOVES are medical safety accessories that ensure
sanitary hospital conditions by limiting patient’s exposure to infectious
8) FORCEPS are a hand held, hinged instrument used for grasping and
a) SURGICAL FORCEPS made of high- grade carbon steel.
b) NON- LOCKING FORCEPS (“thumb forceps” or “pick-ups”)
*Tweezers hinged at one end away from the grasping end
*Scissors hinged in the middle
c) LOCKING FORCEPS sometimes called clamps, are used to grasp and hold objects or
d) THUMB FORCEPS are commonly held between the thumb and two or three fingers
of one hand, with the top end resting on the anatomical snuff box at the base of the
thumb and index finger.
Serrated forceps Cross- hatched Forceps
* Smooth tips
* Serrated forceps are used in tissues
* Smooth or cross- hatched forceps are used to move dressings, remove
sutures and similar tasks.
e) KELLY FORCEPS (“Mosquito forceps” or “Rochester forceps”) are a type of hemostat
usually made of stainless steel.
9) SCISSORS are hand operated cutting instruments.
a) MAYO SCISSORS are used for cutting heavy fascia and sutures and are
designed for safe cutting of gauze and other bandage materials.
b) BLUNT- TIPPED SCISSORS are also useful for cutting paper and can be used by
c) BANDAGE SCISSORS have a small foot on one of the blade tips which allows them to be
placed directly against a patient’s skin when cutting bandages.
VITAL SIGNS are measurements of the body’s most basic functions.
Body Temperature NORMAL: 36.5ºC – 37.7ºC
FEVER (also called “pyrexia”) is defined as body temperature that is higher than the
normal for each individual.
HYPOTHERMIA is defined as a drop in body temperature
Pulse Rate is a measurement of the heart rate or the number of times the heart beats
ADULT: 60- 100 beats per minute
CHILD: 80- 100 beats per minute
Respiration Rate is the number of breaths a person takes per minute.
ADULT: 15- 20 breaths per minute
CHILD: 20- 35 breaths per minute
Blood Pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the artery walls.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE the arteries may have an increased resistance against
the flow of blood, causing the heart to pump harder to circulate the blood.
NHLBI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
TEPID SPONGING is a time honoured and well known method of
reducing the elevated temperature.
SUSPENSION is a liquid product containing particles that settle to the
bottom of the container.