To prepare for living in the us


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To prepare for living in the us

  1. 1. To prepare for living in the US Mandy
  2. 2. <ul><li>a breeze </li></ul><ul><li>◆ The test was  a breeze ! I got one hundred percent! </li></ul><ul><li>-> (to be) very easy. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ TOEFL -> A breeze? </li></ul><ul><li>If you follow these tips your teachers given to you, you can make TEOFL a breeze . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Shopping -> A breeze? </li></ul><ul><li>Just log on our website at and it simply make the shopping a breeze . </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>a piece of cake </li></ul><ul><li>◆ This stone block doesn't look very big. It's just a piece of cake  for me to raise it. </li></ul><ul><li>-> (to be) very easy. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You shouldn't worry about the exam because you have prepared well and you'll probably find it a piece of cake . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Before we took off to bomb the Germans, our commander told us it would be a tough flight. But it turned out to be a piece of cake . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>breathe easier </li></ul><ul><li>◆ The couple can finally breathe easier at the news that their missing child has been found safe. </li></ul><ul><li>-> (To be) relaxed or relieved, esp. after a period of tension. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Olympic games </li></ul><ul><li>In order to hold one of the best Olympic games, Beijing government doesn’t breathe easier . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ life stress </li></ul><ul><li>In the modern society, people are facing various stress and pressure, however, going to church might help you breathe easier . </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>at the end of one’s rope </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I'm at the end of my rope with you. How much longer do you need to get ready to go? </li></ul><ul><li>-> The limit of one's patience or resources </li></ul><ul><li>◆ foreign country, no money/ language/ friend </li></ul><ul><li>With no single penny in pocket and no friends to turn to, Tom was at the end of his rope standing on the earth of a foreign country. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ divorce, three children, laid off </li></ul><ul><li>All that Mary, a laid off worker, had got from the divorce from her husband were three children. Life really made her at the end of the rope. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>beg to differ </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You may think that John should be offered the job, but I beg to differ . </li></ul><ul><li>-> a polite way of saying that you disagree with something. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ With all due respect I beg to differ . I don't believe that a person can’t be happy without love. Again, I mean no offence. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I beg to differ with you, but your story does not fit my recollection at all. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>go with the flow </li></ul><ul><li>1. There's no need to worry. Everything’s gonna be OK if you just go with the flow . </li></ul><ul><li>-> take things as they come; </li></ul><ul><li>2. Don't always try to be different. Go with the flow sometimes. </li></ul><ul><li>-> do what others do. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Chinese people prefer to go with the flow , while Americans like things to be fixed and unchangeable. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ It’s OK that you order the food, and I’ll just go with the flow . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>hang out </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I don't have much free time now and almost never get to hang out with my friends. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to spend time with someone (just for fun) </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Thanks so much for your hanging out with us in the program. And please tune in next time. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Oh my god! I can’t believe that you are hanging out ? How long have you known each other? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>hang on </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Excuse me, can you hang on just a second? I'll be right back. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to wait. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ “ Hang on , I think I remember him saying something about it.” he finally break the long silence. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Hang on ! Just look at the boy with glasses over there. That’s whom I mentioned to you before. Oh, how handsome he is. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>create a stir </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Believe it or not, his discovery has created a stir in scientific circles. </li></ul><ul><li>-> Cause an excited reaction. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I just learned a really good word from my Chinese friend. It’s “ 暴料 ” (bào liào), which means “newsworthy material” as a noun, and “ create a stir ” as a verb. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Her decision to marry a man 54 years older than herself has created a huge stir not only among her folks but also the whole country. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>do sth for a living </li></ul><ul><li>◆ When people ask, &quot;What do you do for a living ?&quot; I answer without hesitation, &quot;I'm househusband.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-> do sth as a means of maintaining life </li></ul><ul><li>◆ It's the first question many people ask when they meet someone new, esp. in the workaholic US —— &quot;So, what do you do for a living ?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Here are some creative answers: </li></ul><ul><li>1) &quot; Breathe. &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>2) &quot; I live to give and give to live. Ancient Indian secret.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>3) &quot; What you should really ask is Who I Am. Not What I Do. &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>4) &quot;What do I do for a living? Why, I live, of course!&quot; </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>down-to-earth </li></ul><ul><li>◆ &quot;The Party and the nation as a whole must take a down-to-earth approach in the building of a new socialist countryside.&quot; said Hu, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China. </li></ul><ul><li>-> realistic, practical and honestly. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ When his money ran out, he came down-to-earth. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ He needs to marry a down-to-earth person who will organize his life for him.  </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>earn one’s stripes </li></ul><ul><li>◆ To earn your stripes you really have to not only work hard but also perform wonderful. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to gain a position through hard work and the accumulation of experience, often in the face of difficulties. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Mr. Green finally eared his stripes after 10 years of hard working. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ It is the very place to earn one’s strips . </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>eat one’s words </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Sorry, I'll eat my words . Could you please just forgive me? </li></ul><ul><li>-> take back one's words; admit what one said was wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ How rude are your words! I wanna you eat your words! </li></ul><ul><li>◆ When we got married, my brother predicted it would never last. But 10 years later we are still married, so he certainly has to eat his words . </li></ul><ul><li>(vs. break one's word/ go back on one's word </li></ul><ul><li>Sorry that I broke my words. Could you please forgive me? ) </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>have a ball </li></ul><ul><li>◆ “ Did you have a ball last night?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yes, that was really fun!” </li></ul><ul><li>-> enjoy oneself greatly; have a good time. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ “ Are you enjoying yourself?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sure, I’m having a ball .” </li></ul><ul><li>◆ We had a ball at the party and didn't come home until 2 am. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>on the ball </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Look, it’s the second time I saw you playing games at work. I’m afraid I have to warn you that if you can’t get on the ball or she'll have to go.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-> pay full attention to sth; do one’s job excellently </li></ul><ul><li>◆ That reporter is the best we ever have. He's always on the ball and brings back stories that most other reporters would miss. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Teachers are really on the ball . </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>catch on  </li></ul><ul><li>1. Beckhem’s hair style just catches on after the world cup. </li></ul><ul><li>-> become popular. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Sabah is a good student. She catches on quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>-> understand what is going on. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I don’t catch on the jokes you told. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Everyone else realized what was happening, but it took Henry ages to catch on . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Learning English catches on around the world. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>chicken </li></ul><ul><li>◆ He's so nervous and coward. I wish he'd stop being such chicken . </li></ul><ul><li>-> nervous and/or afraid. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Don’t be so chicken , be a man! </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>come out of one's shell </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You need to come out your shell and take the girl to dance. </li></ul><ul><li>-> stop being shy, become active. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ We finally got Frank to come out of his shell and talk to some people at the party. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I think you need to come out of your shell just a little and then you’ll be more comfortable with people. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>couch potato </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I'm a couch potato and it's too late for me to change. But we try to keep our kids from watching more than two hours of television a day: we don't want them to be couch potatoes , too. </li></ul><ul><li>-> someone who watches lots of television. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I can't be a couch potato when I have examinations to think about. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ School children don't play outside as much as before. Many of them are overweight couch potatoes . </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>count on sb/sth </li></ul><ul><li>1. I'm counting on you to pass the keys to the questions. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to expect sb to help you. </li></ul><ul><li>2. You may be disappointed if you count on getting that loan. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to expect sth to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Thanks. I'll be counting on you. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ She's counting on you to show movies to her friends. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Don't count on me. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You can always count on him to screw things up. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>count in sb/sth </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Please count me in on this project. You know that I really wanna do something for poor people. </li></ul><ul><li>-> include sb/sth. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Dennis said the coach could count him in for Saturday's game. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Don't count me in . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ That would be $ 100 if you count the old books in. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>face to face (with sb/ sth) </li></ul><ul><li>1. As I was going into the restaurant, I was face to face with my teacher, who was just leaving. </li></ul><ul><li>-> in front of sb/ sth. </li></ul><ul><li>2. It is really hard for Carol comes face to face with the fact of his infection of AIDS at the age of 18. </li></ul><ul><li>-> having to deal with sb/ sth unpleasant. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ We need to arrange a face-to-face meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ We've got to face to face with the gloomy lives. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>for the birds </li></ul><ul><li>◆ He was badly hurt by his ex-girl friend, and now he believes love is for the birds ! </li></ul><ul><li>-> ridiculous, worthless, not to be taken seriously. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ They went to a poetry reading, but they got bored and restless. They thought they were for the birds. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ &quot;Since you asked me, I think the new proposal is for the birds .&quot; </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>get carried away </li></ul><ul><li>1. Sorry I’ve just got carried away . So, where were we? </li></ul><ul><li>-> to go too far. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I got so carried away when I saw Brad Pitt in person- he is just so handsome! </li></ul><ul><li>-> to become too emotionally involved in sth. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ She got carried away when she started talking about the war. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I got carried away . I bought 10 shirts! </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Mom won’t be angry with you unless you got carried away. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>get over sb/ sth </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Actually they broke up last month. But she have already gotten over him/it. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to recover from some physical or emotional state. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ &quot;I was very sick yesterday, but I have gotten over it. &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>◆ &quot;I just can't stop thinking about what she said.&quot; &quot;Oh, just get over it.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Tom still can't get over his ex-girlfriend. Every time he saw her at school he became moody. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>judge a book by its cover </li></ul><ul><li>◆ What you see about a person may not be true, so don’t judge a book by its cover . </li></ul><ul><li>-> to judge the quality or character of sb/ sth just by looking at them. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ She doesn't look very intelligent, but you can't judge a book by its cover. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I don’t believe in “love at first sight”, because my mom always tell my “ never judge a book by its cover .” </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>get to the bottom of sth </li></ul><ul><li>◆ A lot of people want to get to the bottom of the reason for Dianna’s untimely death. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to discover the truth about sth. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ How will investigators get to the bottom of the affair with so little evidence? </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I didn't use my credit card last month. So I was shocked to see a new balance of $ 2000 on the statement for last month. I'm going to get to the bottom of this and find out who used my credit card. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>go against the grain </li></ul><ul><li>◆ It goes against the grain for William to admit that he's wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>-> be unwilling to do sth and it is not what you usually do. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I think she doesn’t like to praise men. It goes against the grain. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ It goes against the grain of Qian Zhongshu to lend people money. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>go bananas </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Mom will go bananas if she sees the room in such a mess. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to become very angry; to go mad. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I just told her that she couldn't have any pudding until she'd finished her main course, and she went bananas ! </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You see that I’ve working 15 hours a day for over one month. If there’s no vacation for me soon, I will go bananas . </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>go to great pains </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Be careful about dealing with it. You can’t imagine that I went to great pains to get this CD? </li></ul><ul><li>-> to try very very hard to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Miss Green went to great pains to explain the sentences clearly to her pupils. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ He went to great pains to convince her to go out with him. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ In order to pass GRE I went to great pains to remember the vocabulary. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>grow on sb </li></ul><ul><li>◆ At first, the show seemed kind of weird, but it grew on us. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to become increasingly liked by you. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Don’t be so impatient. I’m sure it’ll grow on you if you give it another look. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ At first taste I hate the flavor of sour milk, but then it just grow on me. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ It was not until he left that I realized he had grown on me. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>in a jam </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I'm in bit of a jam . Could you possibly lend me some money till next week? </li></ul><ul><li>-> in some trouble or difficult situation. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ My god, everything is in a jam . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Jay was in a jam when his teacher found that he cheated in the exam. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ We'll be in a jam if we can't finish the report by tomorrow. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>in one’s blood </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I've played all sorts of sports —— baseball, golf, basketball. But I love tennis best. In fact you could say tennis is in my blood —— I've played ever since I was old enough to pick up a racket. </li></ul><ul><li>-> be born able to do sth. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Jack, I do envy your ability to learn Chinese so fast. Everybody knows that Chinese is a very hard language to learn. But it seems you don't need any effort to pick it up -- it must be in your blood.   </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>kick the habit </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Once you are addicted, it's very difficult to stop smoking. Many people have tried many different ways to kick the habit . </li></ul><ul><li>-> to stop doing something that is difficult to stop doing, (esp. taking drugs, smoking, or drinking alcohol) </li></ul><ul><li>◆ No coffee for me, thanks. I'm trying to kick the habit . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Researchers said smokers who kicked the habit would have much less chance of developing cancer. </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>knock your socks off </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Have you seen Jack's sister, who's here visiting from California? She'll knock your socks off ——she's the most gorgeous-looking woman I've seen for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to shock sb. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You know Coco is coming? Maybe she will date you. Wow, she will certainly knock your socks off . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Wait until you hear my new marketing plan —— it will knock your socks off ! </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>lighten up </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Do not be so serious. Lighten up , Charles. Try to see the humor in life. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to relax. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ People are usually relieved when they're given a chance to lighten up . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Yes, the exam is very important, but you still sometime to lighten up . </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>look forward to sth </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I'm looking forward to my trip to Berlin and Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to be excited because sth is going to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You can tell Jake is looking forward to his vacation – he keeps telling us how many days there are left until he finishes college. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I have to figure out a way to tell Joey, you know he is really looking forward to this.. </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>make fun of sb/ sth </li></ul><ul><li>◆ He killed his own classmates because he hate the way they make fun of his awkward countryside accent. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to make a joke about sb/ sth in an unkind way. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ At first the kids made fun of Gum because of his retardation. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ When she first moved north, some people made fun of her by mocking her southern accent. </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>make no bones about </li></ul><ul><li>◆ She makes no bones about wanting John to leave. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to say clearly what you think, although you may embarrass or offend someone. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Ok, I’ll make no bones about it —— I love you, and I hope you can leave her and go out with me. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ He made no bones about how bad he thought the food was, which caused her very disappointed. </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>do/make/start sth from scratch </li></ul><ul><li>◆ &quot;How are you going to build your business?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Just like everyone does: starting from scratch .&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-> to do sth from the very beginning; to do sth from nothing or small stuff. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Now he has been the richest man in the world, but can you imagine how he make it from scratch ? </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Living in desert area is unbelievable tough, however, she make herself and husband a very cozy room from scratch . </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>measure up (to someone/something) </li></ul><ul><li>◆ They didn't measure up (to our requirements), so I couldn't hire them. </li></ul><ul><li>-> To meet a standard. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ The math skills of the majority of children in this school measure up to the national standards. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I see why you can’t play the game on your computer; it is because your computer software fails to measure up to expectations. </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>cup of tea </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I like thriller movies. It's my cup of tea . </li></ul><ul><li>-> sth that is one’s liking. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Cup of tea ! I’ll take it! </li></ul><ul><li>◆ The waiter brought her the wrong kind of tea, so she said, “sorry, but is not my cup of tea .” </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>nothing to sneeze at </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You know what, we’d love to have you staying with us. And there's the increase in salary to be considered —— £3000 extra a year is nothing to sneezed at . Just reconsider your decision. </li></ul><ul><li>-> important or dangerous enough to deserve serious attention. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Toefl is nothing to sneeze at even enough you have been in the US for one year and can speak English. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Goodman is not a man to be sneezed at . </li></ul>
  45. 45. <ul><li>once in a blue moon </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I don't know why you bought so many clothes —— you only ever wear them once in a blue moon. </li></ul><ul><li>-> almost never. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Once in a blue moon , I'll have a beer with friends, but it's not my regular drink. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ It is once in a blue moon to see him coming to the library and study well. </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>out of the blue </li></ul><ul><li>◆ We didn’t get in touch for 10 years after graduation. Then one day, completely out of the blue , I had a letter from her —— inviting me to her wedding. </li></ul><ul><li>-> happening suddenly and unexpectedly. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Sister Lin came into my life out of the blue and caught eye at the first sight. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Everything was happening out of the blue that I just couldn’t take. </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>pay the price </li></ul><ul><li>◆ She didn’t listen in her friends’ words and go out with Steve. And now that he's gone, she's paying the price . </li></ul><ul><li>-> to accept the unpleasant results of something. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I have paid the price for working nonstop —— my health has suffered. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ He achieved great fame in his later years, but he certainly paid the price . </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>pick up the tab/ bill (for sth) </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Why don’t we go Dutch in the future, then nobody’s gonna worry about who pick up the tab . </li></ul><ul><li>-> to pay money for something. (= foot the bill; it’s my treat; take it on me.) </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Taxpayers will have to pick up the bill for political campaigns. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Don’t take it for granted that boys are always supposed to pick up the tab when dating girls. </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>play second fiddle (to sb/sth) </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You'll have to choose between your wife and me. I won't play second fiddle (to anyone). </li></ul><ul><li>-> to be in a less important position. (= take a backseat /take second place /keep a low profile) </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Radio has been playing second fiddle to television for decades now. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ As regards Physics, I’ll have to play second fiddle to my brother whose major is Physics. </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>play with fire </li></ul><ul><li>◆ We're playing with fire if we continue with smuggling drug. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to do sth that could cause you great trouble later. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Don't you know you're playing with fire when you get involved with someone who's already married? </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I just couldn’t help it, even though I knew it was playing with fire . </li></ul>
  51. 51. <ul><li>right up one's alley </li></ul><ul><li>◆ My dad is very angry with me because I refuse to take over his business. I have always been interested in medicine and I believe to be a doctor is really right up my alley . I don't know how to convince my father I'm not good at business. </li></ul><ul><li>-> fit one’s interest and ability. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ One course I know I'll take is advanced computer programming. Funny - a year ago I was afraid of computers. But once I tried, I found that working with a computer is right up my alley . </li></ul>
  52. 52. <ul><li>go/run like clockwork </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Some parents like a military school, because it runs like clockwork . Everything is strict and runs on time from physical training to classes and self-study. </li></ul><ul><li>-> happen exactly as it was planned, without any problems. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ The whole ceremony went like clockwork . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ My campus life runs like clockwork . </li></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>see through sb/ sth </li></ul><ul><li>1. We’ve known each other for 10 years and he was a real friend to see through my inner feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to understand the hidden truth </li></ul><ul><li>2. Once they got married, she came down with long illness, but she husband just see her through despite all the difficulty. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to support someone through a difficult time. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ She saw through his excuse as an effort to put the blame on someone else. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ “ A friend in need is a friend indeed” means a real friend is someone can see you through . </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>throw caution to the wind </li></ul><ul><li>◆ If you drive overspend, you’ve kind of thrown the caution to the wind. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to take a risk. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ You could always throw caution to the wind and have another glass of wine. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ As a young man he was always ready to throw caution to the wind. </li></ul>
  55. 55. <ul><li>tightwad </li></ul><ul><li>◆ She is really a tightwad —— taking advantage of others. </li></ul><ul><li>-> a miser </li></ul><ul><li>◆ No one like tightwad . But don’t be a tightwad yourself. </li></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><li>each to his own </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Some people who work in office always dress in very formal clothes —— well, to each his own , but I’d never do that. </li></ul><ul><li>-> different people have different preferences. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I won’t force anyone to agree with me always, because I see that it is a matter a “ each to his own ”. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ It is completely each to his own to choose his Miss. Right. </li></ul>
  57. 57. <ul><li>turn down sb/ sth </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I dare not ask her out, because I am so worried to be turned down by her. </li></ul><ul><li>-> to refuse. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Go ahead and ask her out, if you’re prepared for her to turn you down . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I was turned down by Harvard, but my friend made it even though he didn’t score higher than me in the exam. </li></ul>
  58. 58. <ul><li>up in arms </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Students are up in arms at the news that the authority are going to raise the tuition from next semester by 10 present. </li></ul><ul><li>-> very angry. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ Local businessmen are up in arms over the parking regulations which will make shopping very inconvenient for customers. </li></ul>
  59. 59. <ul><li>up to </li></ul><ul><li>1. Here is the money you want and it’s up to you about how to spend it! </li></ul><ul><li>-> having the right to decide. </li></ul><ul><li>2. In last week’s bomb attack, up to 20 people have been killed, including 12 civilians. </li></ul><ul><li>-> as many as… </li></ul><ul><li>3. Long time no see. What have you been up to ? </li></ul><ul><li>-> doing (sth bad) </li></ul>
  60. 60. <ul><li>take sb/ sth seriously </li></ul><ul><li>You always wait until the last minute to take everything seriously . That’s why you failed everything. </li></ul><ul><li>-> give sth full attention. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ He has become the CEO of an internet company at the age of 15, but he is always annoyed because some people don’t take him seriously. </li></ul>
  61. 61. <ul><li>by word of mouth </li></ul><ul><li>I heard by word of mouth that this is a very good English training school. </li></ul><ul><li>-> orally; by spoken rather than written. </li></ul><ul><li>◆ I heard the rumor by word of mouth . </li></ul><ul><li>◆ These stories were transmitted by word of mouth. </li></ul>