Activity Space!! The places we travel to routinely in our rounds of daily activity Examples: going to classes, going to a job
Brain DrainThe large-scale emigration of a large group of individuals with technical skills or knowledge. Examples: Anti-Semitism in Pre-WWll Europe, Spanish Expulsion of Jews and Moors.
Circulation Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
Chain Migration Describes migrant flows from a common origin to the same destination.
Diaspora Theforced migration of the Jews by the Romans in A.D. 70; any forced migration on a particularly large scale that causes dispersion.
Distance Decay Function Distancedecay function- a function that represents the way that some entity or its influence decays with distance from its geographical location.
Emigration/Immigration Emigration – prompted by a variety of factors, as people might leave their country to flee a war, find education, or join their family in another land Immigration – the act of coming to and setting in a new homeland or country from one’s original homeland or country
Forced/ Voluntary Migration Forced migration- when someone has to migrate against their own will. Voluntary migration- when somebody chooses to leave by their own will.
Guest Worker Workers who migrate to the more developed countries – not citizens – temporary nature of the Northern and Western Europe , usually form Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.
InterveningObstacle/Opportunity Obstacle: an environmental or cultural feature of a landscape that hinders migration Opportunity: the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away or a closer less expensive opportunity for obtaining a good or service, or for a migration destination
International Migration International Migration is when people cross state(country) boundaries and stay in the host state for some minimum length of time. International Migration is also when a person moves from one place to another. Brody is a beast. Brody will be experiencing international migration if he places this on a slide again
Migration TransitionA change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition.
Migration Stream theflow of people moving in or out of an area. An area can have an "in-migration stream" (its immigrants) and it can have an "out-migration stream" (its emigrants).
Migration Selectivity Onlypeople exhibiting certain characteristics in a population choosing to migrate
Mobility Theability to move or be moved A general term dealing with all types of movement (migration included)
Net Migration The difference between the number of people entering and exiting a country.
Step Migration, Dawg! A series of many migration streams that appear on maps as long, unbroken routes when in fact, consist of a series of stages Ex: a peasant family in rural Brazil is likely to move first to a village , then to a nearby town, later to a city, and later to a metropolis such as Sao Paulo of Rio de Janeiro. At each stage a new set of pull factors comes into play. EX #2: The Beverly hillbillies started in a very small town. Then they found oil. Then they would have to move to a bigger town till they received their payment. Once they received their money, they were able to move to Beverly Hills.
Periodic MovementA form of human movement that involves longer periods away from home Ex. Migrant labor, college, military service.
Push-Pull Factor A push-pull factor can be defined as a factor that either entices a person to visit and area or forces them away from an area. For example, Mexican immigrants migrate to the United States because of the ample economic opportunities compared to Mexico. (Pull factor) During World War II, many Polish moved from Poland to safer areas due to the threat of war with German. (Push factor)
Remittances Remittance is the sending of money earned in one country to another to ones family.
Time-Contract Workers Workersrecruited for a fixed period to work in menial or unskilled positions
Transhumance Seasonal movement of livestock between mountain and lowland pastures either under the care of herders or in the company of their owners. A shepherd moving his goats from a mountain to a valley
Suburbanization The growth of areas on the fringes of major cities.
Counter Urbanization CounterUrbanization is a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas