Latin America City Model
• Theory that the farther away from the
center of a city, the worse conditions get
economically, ...
Multiple Nuclei Model
• A model of the international structure of
cities in which social groups arranged
around a collecti...
Gentrification
• A process of converting an urban
neighborhood from a predominately low
income, renter occupied area to a
...
Central Place Theory
• Where the cetner of your market will be
where you should place your service – this
theory also invo...
Market Area
• A geographic place in which one can
expect primary demand for a specific
product or service in one fixed loc...
CBD – Central Business District
• The area of a city where retail and office
activities are distributed
• Describe what th...
Concentric Zone Model
• Model of the internal structure of cities in
which social group are spatially arranged
in a series...
New Urbanism
• Is the revival of our lost art of a place
making and promotes the creation and
restoration of compact, walk...
Annexation
• To incorporate an area into a new political
entity– For example, part of Clayton
County where Walmart is aske...
Sector Model
• A model of the internal structure of cities in
which social groups are arranged around
a series fo sectors,...
Conurbation
• A group of continuous networks of urban
communities.
Edge City
• A large node of office and retail activities
on the edge of an urban area.
• Buckhead
Density Gradient
• The change in density in an urban area
from the center of the area to the outside.
Hinterland
• An area that surrounds an urban center
that is dependent on the urban center for
goods and services.
• Could ...
Megalopolis
• A very large city, sometimes a region
made up of several large cities and their
surrounding areas in suffici...
Entrepôt
• A port where merchandise can be
imported and re-exported with paying
import duties; a mart or place where
merch...
Filtering
• A process of change in the use of a
house, from single-family owner-
occupancy to abandonment, to multi-
occup...
Greenbelt
• A ring of land maintained as parks,
agriculture, or open space that surrounds
a town or city and limits urban ...
Urban Realms Model
• Includes a central business district, central
city, new downtown, and suburban
downtown.
• Each realm...
Zoning
• Pertaining to the division of an area into
zones, as to restrict the number and types
of buildings and their uses...
Central Business District (CBD)
• The area of a city where retail and office
activities are clustered.
Zone in Transition
• Zone of mixed land uses that surrounds
the central business district. These zones
are often referred ...
World City
• Dominant city in terms of its role in the
global political economy. Not the world’s
biggest city in terms of ...
Peripheral Model
• A model of North American urban areas
consisting of an inner city surrounded by
large suburban resident...
Sprawl
• The spreading outwards of a city, and its
suburbs to its outskirts to low density and
auto dependent development ...
Public Housing Project
• Housing that is built, operated, and owned
by a government and that is typically
provided at nomi...
Concentric Zone Model
• Model of the internal structure of cities in
which social groups are spatially arranged
in a serie...
Underclass
• A segment of the population that occupies
the lowest possible position in a class
hierarchy, below the core b...
Redlining
• A practice by banks and mortgage
companies of demarcating areas
considered to be high risk for housing
loans.
...
Primate City
• The largest settlement in a country, if it
has more than twice as many people as
the second-ranking settlem...
Central Place Theory
• A theory that explains the distribution of
services, based on the fact that
settlements serve as ce...
Urban Renewal
• A program in which cities identify inner-city
neighborhoods acquire the properties from
private owners, re...
MSA
• Metropolitan Statistical Area
• In the U.S., a central city of at least 50,000
population, the county within which t...
Urban vocabulary
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Urban vocabulary

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Urban vocabulary

  1. 1. Latin America City Model • Theory that the farther away from the center of a city, the worse conditions get economically, politically, and socially. • Favelas in the hinterland
  2. 2. Multiple Nuclei Model • A model of the international structure of cities in which social groups arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
  3. 3. Gentrification • A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominately low income, renter occupied area to a predominantly middle class, owner occupied area. • Led by individuals not the government but may work in conjunjunction with urban renewal
  4. 4. Central Place Theory • Where the cetner of your market will be where you should place your service – this theory also involves market area(service area), range(distance people will travel), and threshhold(how many you need to support the service) --
  5. 5. Market Area • A geographic place in which one can expect primary demand for a specific product or service in one fixed location
  6. 6. CBD – Central Business District • The area of a city where retail and office activities are distributed • Describe what this looks like?
  7. 7. Concentric Zone Model • Model of the internal structure of cities in which social group are spatially arranged in a series of rings
  8. 8. New Urbanism • Is the revival of our lost art of a place making and promotes the creation and restoration of compact, walkable, mixed- use cities, towns, and neighborhoods – • This is a throw back to the 50’s and 60’s
  9. 9. Annexation • To incorporate an area into a new political entity– For example, part of Clayton County where Walmart is asked to be annexed into Lovejoy city limits. This is the way the land owner got around the zoning ordinances. • Why would a city do this?
  10. 10. Sector Model • A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series fo sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district
  11. 11. Conurbation • A group of continuous networks of urban communities.
  12. 12. Edge City • A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area. • Buckhead
  13. 13. Density Gradient • The change in density in an urban area from the center of the area to the outside.
  14. 14. Hinterland • An area that surrounds an urban center that is dependent on the urban center for goods and services. • Could also refer to the area outside the MSA where market gardening and dairying would exist • Think -- the edge of somewhere
  15. 15. Megalopolis • A very large city, sometimes a region made up of several large cities and their surrounding areas in sufficient proximity to be considered a single urban complex. • Northeast U.S., Tokyo area
  16. 16. Entrepôt • A port where merchandise can be imported and re-exported with paying import duties; a mart or place where merchandise is deposited
  17. 17. Filtering • A process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner- occupancy to abandonment, to multi- occupancy
  18. 18. Greenbelt • A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or open space that surrounds a town or city and limits urban sprawl. • More popular in Europe
  19. 19. Urban Realms Model • Includes a central business district, central city, new downtown, and suburban downtown. • Each realm is a separate economic, social, and political entity that is linked together to form a larger metro framework.
  20. 20. Zoning • Pertaining to the division of an area into zones, as to restrict the number and types of buildings and their uses. Zoning may be residential, agriculture, business, etc.
  21. 21. Central Business District (CBD) • The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
  22. 22. Zone in Transition • Zone of mixed land uses that surrounds the central business district. These zones are often referred to as such because of the mixture of growth, change, and decline.
  23. 23. World City • Dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world’s biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world economy. • New York site of the U.N.
  24. 24. Peripheral Model • A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
  25. 25. Sprawl • The spreading outwards of a city, and its suburbs to its outskirts to low density and auto dependent development on rural land, high segregation of uses, and various design features that encourage car dependency.
  26. 26. Public Housing Project • Housing that is built, operated, and owned by a government and that is typically provided at nominal rent to the needy. • Our government stopped building these, but some still exist
  27. 27. Concentric Zone Model • Model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
  28. 28. Underclass • A segment of the population that occupies the lowest possible position in a class hierarchy, below the core body of the working class.
  29. 29. Redlining • A practice by banks and mortgage companies of demarcating areas considered to be high risk for housing loans. • illegal
  30. 30. Primate City • The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement. • London, Toyko, other European cities • Causes an unequal distribution of services in a country
  31. 31. Central Place Theory • A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and further apart than smaller settlements, and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
  32. 32. Urban Renewal • A program in which cities identify inner-city neighborhoods acquire the properties from private owners, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilities, and turn the land over to private developers. • Gov’t ran -- How is this different than gentrification?
  33. 33. MSA • Metropolitan Statistical Area • In the U.S., a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city • How is this connected to Central Place Theory?

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