Washington — “If I have seen further, it is bystanding on the shoulders of giants,” the world’s greatscientific intellectual Isaac Newton wrote in 1676. The accomplishments of women, too, owe muchto the “giants” who preceded them — women whobravely endured painful ridicule and overcame hugeobstacles to obtain the same opportunities afforded tomen.
In 2011 we celebrated100th anniversary of thefirst InternationalWomen’s Day, whichrecognizes women’s paststruggles andaccomplishments andfocuses on what needs tobe done to providegreater opportunities forwomen today.
Pocahontas 1595-1617Native American HeroinePocahontas (c. 1595 – March 21, 1617), laterknown as Rebecca Rolfe, was a VirginiaIndian chiefs daughter notable for havingassisted colonial settlers at Jamestown. Sheconverted to Christianity and married theEnglish settler John Rolfe. After theytraveled to London, she became famous inthe last year of her life.
Martha Washington 1731-1802 The First Lady Martha Dandridge Custis Washington was the wife of the first president of the United States. Martha Washington is considered to be the first “First Lady” of the United States. During her lifetime, she was known as "Lady Washington".
Abigail Adams 1744 - 1818The First lady, writerAbigail Adams was the wife of JohnAdams, the second President of the UnitedStates,Adams is remembered for the many lettersshe wrote to her husband while he stayedaway. Their letters are filled withintellectual discussions on government andpolitics.The letters serve as eyewitness accounts ofthe American Revolutionary War homefront.
Harriet Beecher Stowe 1811-1896 Abolitionist, Novelist Her novel Uncle Toms Cabin (1852) depicted life for African-Americans under slavery and became influential in the USA and UK. She wrote over 20 books, (novels, e travel memoirs, articles, letters). She was influential for her writings and her public stands on social issues of the day.
Emily Dickinson 1830-1886 Poet She lived a mostly introverted and reclusive life. Dickinson was a prolific poet (1800 poems),but only a dozen were published during her lifetime. Many of her poems deal with themes of death and immortality.
Susie King Taylor 1848-1912 Civil war nurse the first African American army nurse. She was the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences. She was also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia
Isadora Duncan 1878-1927Modern DancerConsidered by many to be the creator ofmodern dance.Born in the US, she lived in Europe and theSoviet Union from the age of 22 until herdeath at age 50.In the United States she was popular only inNew York.
Emma Goldman 1869-1940 Anarchist known for her political activism, writing and speeches. She played a pivotal role in the development of anarchist political philosophy in North America and Europe in the first half of the XX c.
Mary Pickford 1893-1979ActressCo-founder of the film studio United Artistsand one of the original 36 founders of theAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Known as "Americas Sweetheart,""Little Mary" and "The girl with the curls," shewas a significant figure in the development offilm acting. The American Film Institute namedPickford 24th among the greatest female starsof all time.
Eleanor Roosevelt 1884-1962 First Lady, social reformer The First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. She supported the New Deal policies of her husband, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and became an advocate for civil rights. After her husbands death in 1945, Roosevelt continued to be an international author, speaker, politician, and activist for the New Deal coalition. President Truman called her the "First Lady of the World" in tribute to her human rights achievements.
Marilyn Monroe 1926-1962 Actress, singer and model. In 1999, Monroe was ranked as the sixth greatest female star of all time by the American Film Institute. In the years and decades following her death, Monroe has often been cited as a pop and cultural icon as well as an eminent American sex symbol.
Madonna 1958 -Singer, Film ActorMadonna has sold more than 300million records worldwide .She is recognized as the worlds top-selling female recording artist of alltime by the Guinness World Records.
Angela Davis 1944- Activist, Educator was most politically active during the late 1960s through the 1970s and was associated with the • Communist Party USA, • the Civil Rights Movement •the Black Panther Party.
Oprah Winfrey 1954 - Talk-Show Host, Entrepreneur • her self-titled, multi-award winning talk show has become the highest-rated program of its kind in history. Ranked the richest African American of the 20th century, • the greatest black philanthropist in American history, •was once the worlds only black billionaire. •the most influential woman in the world(according to some assessments).
Hillary Rodham Clinton 1947- Senator, First Lady, Lawyer is the 67th United States Secretary of State, serving in the administration of President Barack Obama. She was a United States Senator for New York from 2001 to 2009. She was the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. In the 2008 election, Clinton was a leading candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination.
Michelle Obama 1964 - The first Lady Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama is the wife of the 44th and incumbent President of the United States, Barack Obama, and is the first African-American First Lady of the United States. As the wife of a Senator, and later the First Lady, she has become a fashion icon and role model for women, and an advocate for poverty awareness, nutrition and healthy eating