WNR.sg - Keynote Address by Mr John van Oudenaren, Director, World Digital LibraryAmerican


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Keynote Address by Mr John van Oudenaren, Director, World Digital LibraryAmerican

Memory and the Evolution of the World Digital Library

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  • In 1993, the Library of Congress of the United States began to distribute digitized  primary source materials related to American history to selected schools to determine if such materials would be useful to the primary and secondary school students and their teachers. The Internet was not yet realized, so these digitized materials were distributed on CD-ROMs. With funding from private donors, that early experiment became the seed of a big idea: American Memory. With the assistance of curators throughout the Library, we identified missions of items that would be useful to the K-12 audience and began a systematic digitization effort.Once American Memory was fully established and enjoying wide use, not only in the United States, but all around the world, the Library of Congress began to think about ways in which world cultures could be represented in a similar, digital formats. Dr. James Billington, Librarian of Congress, proposed that UNESCO agree to endorse the concept of a World Digital Library that celebrates all countries, all cultures. With initial funding from Google, the Library of Congress began working with a small group of national libraries to establish ways for all countries to contribute material.ABSTRACT:
    Dr. Marcum's address will recount the history and development of these two initiatives and comment on their implications for the future
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  • The press conference was the most well-attended in UNESCO history!
    Over 1,700 official news reports (print, radio, TV) were published.
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    August 2010 STATS
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    August 2010 STATS
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  • WNR.sg - Keynote Address by Mr John van Oudenaren, Director, World Digital LibraryAmerican

    1. 1. American Memory and the Evolution of the World Digital Library Mr John van Oudenaren Director, World Digital Library
    2. 2. American Memory and the Evolution of the World Digital Library “When Nations Remember” National Library of Singapore October 11, 2010 presentation by Dr. John Van Oudenaren Library of Congress www.wdl.org
    3. 3. American Memory
    4. 4. American Memory • Is a digital record of American history and creativity . . . that provides free and open access through the Internet to written and spoken words, sound recordings, still and moving images, prints, maps, and sheet music that document the American experience • These materials, from the collections of the Library of Congress and other institutions, chronicle historical events, people, places, and ideas that continue to shape America, serving the public as a resource for education and lifelong learning.
    5. 5. Digitizing – How We Started • Optical Disk Pilot Project, 1982 – 1987 • Pictorial material on videodisc • Dr. Billington’s vision • ““Get the champagne out of the bottle”Get the champagne out of the bottle” • Support K-12, not just LC’s historicalSupport K-12, not just LC’s historical customer base of academic researcherscustomer base of academic researchers
    6. 6. Digitizing in the Early 1990’s • American Memory Pilot • 1989 - 1994 • Distribution on CD-ROM + analog forms on videodisc • Prototype presentation software distributed to test sites • June 1994 – 3 American Memory photographJune 1994 – 3 American Memory photograph collections made available via the Internetcollections made available via the Internet
    7. 7. American Memory • 5 million items in 5 years • All forms of material • Pictorial, e.g. Matthew Brady photos; posters • Maps, e.g., civil war maps • Manuscripts, e.g. Jefferson papers • Sound recordings • Films, e.g., early Edison • Texts, e.g., newspapers, books • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html
    8. 8. American Memory Approach • Largely public domain • Curators identified candidate materials • Collection-based focus • New (for the Library) emphasis on K-12 • Competition to include collections from other U.S. institutions • Funded by public-private partnership
    9. 9. The Result • Quantitative goals met and surpassed • Strong focus on history and popular culture, 1850 – 1930 • Heavy emphasis on images • Gaps in subject coverage, e.g., science and technology • Varying presentation styles • Varying metadata
    10. 10. Today • 19 million+ digitized items • Almost 1 million new files per year from LC resources • More than 200 Collections • Major new initiatives such as “Chronicling America” • Expanded Educational Outreach programs and commitments • Moving collections to a standardizedMoving collections to a standardized template for a consistent look and feeltemplate for a consistent look and feel
    11. 11. American Memory Home Page
    12. 12. American Memory: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html
    13. 13. American Memory: Sample Collection
    14. 14. Global Gateway • Bilateral partnerships with – Russia – The Netherlands – France – Spain – Brazil – Egypt • Thematic • Bilingual • Varying “look and feel”
    15. 15. www.wdl.org World Digital Library
    16. 16. World Digital Library: Mission Mission: Digitize and make freely available over the Internet primary source materials that tell the stories and highlight the achievements of all countries Objectives: • Promote international and intercultural understanding and awareness • Expand multilingual and culturally diverse content on the Internet • Provide resources to educators and contribute to scholarly research • Build knowledge and capacity in the developing world; help narrow the digital divide
    17. 17. World Digital Library Network Project developed in cooperation with UNESCO. Prototype launched during UNESCO meeting in Paris in October 2007. WDL site launched officially at UNESCO headquarters in Paris -- April 21, 2009. Currently 103 partners from 63 countries, representing national, university, and public libraries; archives, museums, ministries of culture http://www.wdl.org/en/about/partners.html
    18. 18. WDL Governance Structure • WDL launched as a Library of Congress-UNESCO partnership • WDL Charter provides for: Annual partner meeting Executive Council Standing Committees: Technical Architecture Content Selection Translation and Language Regional and Subject Sub-committees: Arabic Scientific Manuscripts Chinese Language Content Meso-American Codices • Library of Congress -- Project Manager (2010-15)
    19. 19. Digital Content Production Centers Delivering scanning equipment to the National Library of Uganda Training at the Iraqi National Library and Archives Newly trained staff at the National Library and Archives of Egypt
    20. 20. Capacity Building • By providing training, equipment, and technical support to partner institutions in countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Uganda, the WDL is bridging the global digital divide and ensuring that rare and unique cultural treasures previously accessible only to a tiny minority of researchers are now available for worldwide use. • Content digitized at WDL-supported digitization centers and now accessible on the WDL includes the oldest magazines and journals published in Iraq, thousand-year-old scientific manuscripts from Egypt, and rare photographs from Brazil.
    21. 21. User Statistics (since public launch on April 21, 2009) • Total visitors: 11,840,851 • Total page views: 82,597,712 • Links from other Web sites: 1,700,816 • 90% of users are from outside of the United States; WDL has been visited by users from every country in the world.
    22. 22. User Statistics (since public launch on April 21, 2009) Countries of highest usage: Spain, United States, Mexico, Brazil, China, Argentina, France, the Russian Federation, Portugal, Colombia Cities of highest usage: Madrid, Buenos Aires, São Paulo, Barcelona, Mexico City, Lisbon, Moscow, Paris, Bogotá, Caracas Most frequently used interfaces: Spanish, English, Portuguese, Chinese, French, Arabic
    23. 23. Financial Supporters • Google, Inc., $3 million for the initial development of the WDL prototype • Qatar Foundation, $3 million in general support • Carnegie Corporation of New York, $2 million to support the inclusion of cultural institutions from sub-Saharan Africa and Eurasia in the WDL • King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia, $1 million to digitize and display on the WDL scientific manuscripts from the Arab and Islamic worlds • Microsoft, Inc., $1 million in general support • Additional support from the Lawrence and Mary Anne Tucker Foundation, the James Madison Council of the Library of Congress, and other donors
    24. 24. Key Features of the WDL Site • Multilingualism Interface in seven languages Content in more than forty languages • High quality content of cultural and historical importance • Consistent, high-quality metadata to allow searching and browsing across cultures and time periods • Item-level descriptions, curator videos to enhance user understanding of the content • Speed and performance • Web 2.0 features
    25. 25. Next Steps – Future Work • Increase content while maintaining quality • Increase partners (to include institutions from all UNESCO member countries) • Develop tools to scale up the creation, processing, and ingest of content • Develop new site features