China’s dynasties

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China’s dynasties

  1. 1. China’s Greatest Dynasties
  2. 2. The Shang Dynasty <ul><li>The first known civilization in China </li></ul><ul><li>Arose around 1700 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Built China’s first cities </li></ul><ul><li>Accomplishments include incredible bronze work and the first Chinese writing system. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Shang (continued) <ul><li>The kingship, instead of going from father to son, went from brother to brother or from brother to nephew. </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in nature gods </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese New Year festivals began during the Shang Dynasty. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Qin Dynasty <ul><li>Shi Huangdi of the Qin Dynasty was the first emperor to unite the “Seven Warring Kingdoms” into one. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cracking his long whip, he drove the universe before him…His might shook the four seas.” – Chinese poet describing Shi Huangdi </li></ul><ul><li>Name means “First Emperor” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Qin (continued) <ul><li>Connected smaller walls in the north along the border </li></ul><ul><li>Created a workforce of 300,000 to finish the wall </li></ul><ul><li>At completion, 1,400 miles = distance of Washington, DC to Denver, CO </li></ul>
  6. 6. Qin (continued) <ul><li>Shi Huangdi’s Terra-cotta Army – 6,000+ clay soldiers and horses buried with the emperor as protection in the afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>In Chinese, China means “Qin Kingdom” or “middle kingdom” – refers to belief then that China was center of the world. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Qin (continued) <ul><li>Accomplishments (beside Great Wall and unifying China) include: one currency, common weights and measurements, improved system of writing, and law code </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion led to emperor’s death – no good replacements – dynasty only lasted 15 years </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Han Dynasty <ul><li>Liu Bang became the first emperor in 202 BC. He was the first emperor born as peasant. </li></ul><ul><li>400 years of stable government </li></ul><ul><li>Set up civil service system (government jobs) where employees had to take tests to apply. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Han (continued) <ul><li>The Silk Road – I-40 of the ancient world </li></ul><ul><li>4,000 miles (Chicago to Hawaii) from China to Mediterranean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Major trade route – silk, porcelain, pottery, glass, horses, ivory, wool, spices, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>New ideas – religion, language, literature, etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Han (continued) Map of Silk Road – red primary route
  11. 11. Han (continued) <ul><li>Accomplishments include: iron farming tools, vast irrigation systems, paper, wheelbarrow, fishing reel, rudder, collar and harness, compass </li></ul>
  12. 12. Other Dynasties <ul><li>There were 83 dynasties and 553 emperors in China’s history. </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient China’s history is over 5,000 years long. </li></ul><ul><li>The last dynasty was the Qing Dynasty that ruled from 1644 – 1911. </li></ul>

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