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Running head: GUN CONTROL 1
GUN CONTROL 4
Gun Control is the Answer: A Research Proposal
Student's Name
Institutional Affiliation
Gun Control is the Answer: A Research Proposal
Section 1: What is the topic?
The topic for this project is "Gun Control is the Answer".
Currently, the number of gun-related homicides and mass
shootings are on the rise in the US. One example is the Virginia
mass shooting that took place in 2007 after which advocates
supported the use of more guns in learning institutions (Siebel,
2008). However, having guns in learning institutions does more
harm than good to the students in the event of a surprise attack
because the victims cannot use these guns (Schuppe, 2016). For
that reason, Gun control is the solution because fewer guns
mean fewer deaths. In fact, if the number of guns is reduced,
the number of suicide cases arising from such deaths will
reduce significantly (Nuwer, 2018).
Section 2: What is the controversy?
The primary argument brought forth by supporters of gun
control is that more guns translate to more violence. In fact,
guns increase the risk of violence in campuses where the risk
factors are gun theft, surprise attacks, mental issues, drugs and
alcohol (Siebel, 2008). If guns were to be introduced in
campuses which are safe environments, then these lethal
weapons will contribute to the unsafety and unprecedented
violence in the learning institutions (Schuppe, 2016). Secondly,
guns are useless in the event of a surprise attack because people
are not physically or mentally prepared to handle them. Thirdly,
fewer guns will reduce the number of gun-related suicides that
are on the rise as well as the constant conflicts between police
and civilians. For instance, in Australia, the banning of guns
has led to a reduction in suicide cases by 80% (Nuwer, 2018).
Most importantly, proponents of gun regulation argue that guns
are not here to save people because the owner of a gun has 4.5
times probability of dying from the same gun just like the owner
of a vehicle is likely to die out of a car accident (Branstetter,
2015).
However, opponents of gun control are of the opinion that
more guns translate to less violence. First of all, critics of gun
control argue that regulation does not deter further incidences
of gun-related violence just the same way driving around
neighborhoods in police cars does not prevent crime (Goral,
2012). Secondly, critics argue that gun control takes away the
defense mechanisms of the victims in the event of a surprise
shooting. In fact, bad guys who have evil intentions will still
get hold of the guns and when this happens, then citizens cannot
protect themselves. For that reason, the citizens will be
rendered helpless if the gun control laws and barriers that limit
the use of concealed handguns are enacted (Goral, 2012). Most
importantly, opponents of guns control argue that carrying a
gun is a provision under the second amendment of the
Constitution that allows individuals to bear arms (Gregory,
Wilson, Park, & Jenkins, 2018). For that reason, gun control
infringes on the rights of the citizens to carry these arms as
mandated by the Constitution.
Section 3: Thesis statement
Fewer guns result in less crime. Thus, gun control is the
answer to the increased gun-related violence because regulating
the use of firearms reduces homicides and suicides in society.
References
Branstetter, G. (2015, March 31). Why we should ban guns on
college campuses. Retrieved from The Daily Dot:
https://www.dailydot.com/via/banning-guns-college-campuses-
elliot-rodger/
Goral, T. (2012, April). Guns on Campus. University Business,
pp. 42-44.
Gregory, S., Wilson, C., Park, A., & Jenkins, A. (2018, April
2). What We Can Do to Stop It. Time, pp. 32-35.
Nuwer, R. (2018, April 18). What if all guns disappeared? .
Retrieved from BBC :
http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20180417-what-would-happen-
if-all-guns-disappeared
Schuppe, J. (2016, October 25). More Guns on Campuses Won't
Make People Safer, Researchers Say. Retrieved from NBC
News: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/more-guns-
campuses-won-t-make-people-safer-researchers-say-n671911
Siebel, B. J. (2008). The Case Against Guns on Campus. Civil
Rights law Journal, 18(2), 319-337.
Running head: GUN CONTROL 1
GUN CONTROL 6
More Guns More Violence: Gun Control is the Answer
More Guns More Violence: Gun Control is the Answer
Branstetter, G. (2015, March 31). Why we should ban guns on
college campuses. Retrieved from The Daily Dot:
https://www.dailydot.com/via/banning-guns-college-campuses-
elliot-rodger/
This article argues that campus should be the last place
that individuals are allowed to carry weapons. What causes gun-
related violence? The answer is simply guns. Guns are the lethal
weapons that assist criminals in carrying out their killing sprees
within and outside the campus. For that reason, a person who
owns a gun is likely to die from in the same way a car-owner is
likely to die from a car crash. However, some risk factors such
as drugs and alcohol contribute to the prevalence of these gun-
related shootings since alcohol impairs judgement. According to
the Center for Disease Control, a third of the gun homicides
involved alcohol and 60% of these victims were intoxicated at
the time of the killing. In conclusion, colleges should come up
with their own gun control policies because guns do not make
people safer. This article is relevant for research because it
highlights the need to ban guns especially on campuses.
Goral, T. (2012, April). Guns on Campus. University Business,
pp. 42-44.
This article does not focus on the second amendment that
allows citizens to bear arms. Rather, the focus is on the debate
on whether students should or should not be allowed to bear
arms in colleges. For that reason, this article highlights some of
the arguments for and against the use of guns on campuses.
First of all, proponents of guns in schools argue that the bad
people will still get access to firearms even with gun control
measures in place. Moreover, gun control denies victims the
right to self-defense. However, opponents of gun-use in
campuses argue that since campuses offer safe environments,
introducing guns is a recipe for disaster. According to James
Kenny an Associate Professor of Fairleigh Dickinson University
in New Jersey, people do not have time to use their guns during
a rampage shooting. Thus, alternative solutions should be
adopted instead of arming people. This article is vital for
research because it recognizes that guns do not deter crimes and
are in fact a recipe for disaster.
Gregory, S., Wilson, C., Park, A., & Jenkins, A. (2018, April
2). What We Can Do to Stop It. Time, pp. 32-35.
Gun-related violence is highly prevalent in the US,
especially in schools. According to this article, Americans are
25times likely to die from gun homicides than other citizens
from developed countries. In 2016, 97gun deaths were reported
daily based on The Annals of Internal Medicine report. For that
reason, the authors emphasize that gun control should not be
perceived as a public battle. Rather, adequate measures should
be taken to stop gun violence. Some of the proposed measures
are that the minimum purchasing age for a gun should be raised
from 18 to 21 and that a license should be given to all gun
owners, Gun restraining orders should be issued to unfit
individuals and doctors should educate patients about the safety
of guns. Most importantly, immunity should be denied to gun
owners and manufacturers should be held liable for their
products to ensure they make safer products. This article is
relevant for research because it supports the need for gun
control and proposes solutions to end gun violence.
Nuwer, R. (2018, April 18). What if all guns disappeared? .
Retrieved from BBC :
http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20180417-what-would-happen-
if-all-guns-disappeared
Fewer guns mean less gun-related deaths. According to
this article, approximately 500000 people globally lose their
lives annually simply because of gun-related incidences. In the
US, citizens own 300 to 350 million guns which increase the
gun fatalities to 25 times higher in the US compared to other
nations. For that reason, a reduction in the number of guns will
decrease the number of deaths experienced in the nation. This
article states that if guns disappeared, the number of suicides
will also decline an example being in Australia. In fact, the
firearms ban in Australia reduced the gun-related homicides by
half and suicide rates reduced by 80%. Also, reduction in
firearms in the US will translate to a reduction in the violence
cases between police officers and the civilians. Most
importantly, gun-control will reduce the financial burden that
goes towards covering the medical costs of victims involved in
gun-related violence. This article is vital for research because it
highlights the gains of gain control in the United States.
Schuppe, J. (2016, October 25). More Guns on Campuses Won't
Make People Safer, Researchers Say. Retrieved from NBC
News: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/more-guns-
campuses-won-t-make-people-safer-researchers-say-n671911
Mass shootings in colleges are on the rise. Consequently, a
heated a debate has emerged as to whether carrying guns in
schools helps or hurts the school community. Based on this
debate, this article argues that more guns on campuses actually
do more harm than good. Having concealed guns or firearms in
colleges only raises the risk of gun-related homicides in
institutions that are meant to offer a haven for students.
According to researchers from Johns Hopkins, most of the mass
shootings such as the Virginia Tech in 2007 occur where people
carry guns but the majority are not in a position to use these
guns in self-defense. For that reason, the argument that people
are safer when everybody is carrying guns around is a façade.
This article is crucial for research because it emphasizes that
laws which allow the right to carry guns and arms in actual
sense increase gun-related violence in society.
Siebel, B. J. (2008). The Case Against Guns on Campus. Civil
Rights law Journal, 18(2), 319-337.
When the Virginia Tech Mass Shooting took place on April
16, 2007, supporters of gun use lobbied for more guns on
campuses. Be that as it may, Would the students in the once
gun-free campuses free safe knowing their fellow students
carried guns around with such abandonment? Also, would the
parents of these students feel safe in enrolling students in such
institutions? The answer is a resounding no. For that reason,
this article argues that more guns are not the answer to the
horrific mass shootings that are rampant in the American
Campuses. Risk factors that increase gun-related violence in
schools include drugs and alcohol, mental issues and risks of
suicide, gun theft as well as accidental shootings on campus.
Most importantly, more guns in campus deny students a safe
learning environment for carrying their studies. This article is
important for research because it supports the need for gun
control since guns increase the risk of gun-related violence on
campus.
Webster, D., & Daniels, R. (2016, October 16). Allowing guns
on campus will invite tragedies, not end them. Retrieved from
The Washington Post:
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/allowing-guns-on-
campus-will-invite-tragedies-not-end-
them/2016/10/21/a1679f9e-8992-11e6-875e-
2c1bfe943b66_story.html?utm_term=.9955807e3eb9
There is a common belief that more guns in campus results
to less violence. However, this article argues otherwise and
emphasizes that more guns increase gun-related violence in the
learning institutions and society at large. Although proponents
of the right-to-carry gun laws argue that more guns will deter
the prevalent active shootings, this article indicates that when
these surprise shootings occur, people are not able to protect
themselves. Moreover, even the most trained officers are not
able to act in such situations. For that reason, the right to carry
gun laws do not deter rampage shootings, especially in
campuses. In conclusion, majority of gun related incidences do
not arise from active shooting. Rather the presence of firearms
is lethal and contribute to increased suicides, disputes and
accidental shootings. This article is vital for research because it
emphasizes that the presence of guns is a recipe for disaster in
society because they increase deaths and accidents.
Running Head: Gun Control
Gun Control
Gun Control is the Answer
Name
Institution
Course
Date
Instructor
Gun Control is the Answer
Gun control is the set down policies or laws which regulate the
production, sale, possession, transfer, modification or the
civilian use of firearms. Many nations have a policy that
restricts the use of firearms with a few laws that allow the use.
Jurisdictions that permit firearm access have a restriction of the
categories of firearms one can access as well as the group of
people allowed to access a firearm license. In the United States
gun control is legislated at the local state level or federal level.
(Lee, 2017) The term gun control is often politicized with those
supporting it calling it prevention of gun violence or gun safety
or even illegal guns. Purchase of firearms by civilians is
allowed by most countries although it is subject to a number of
restrictions. The US is different from other countries in their
view of the ownership of firearms. The consider owning a
firearm a civilian basic right and is more permissive on gun
ownership by civilians. Other countries consider ownership by
civilians’ privilege and have restrictive legislations concerning
firearm possession.
The United States has had a history of mass shooting over the
years. It is important to acknowledge that most of the shootings
were by firearms that were legally purchased, in a period
spanning 30 years, 75% of the mass shootings were from legally
purchased guns thus through the creation of more restrictive
rules on the purchase of guns there will be a decline in mass
shooting incidents. Risk of violence increases with easy gun
access. The risk of suicide or homicide is higher with having a
gun at home. This is regardless of how safely the guns are
stored or their number. According to Arthur Kellerman's article
in The New England Journal of Medicine, in homes where there
is a firearm , the homicide risk is forty times higher compared
to homes without firearms as well as a 90 times higher risk of
suicide when there is a firearm in a home. Guns are also
accessed by people who should not own them. This is because
there are no background checks on people purchasing guns on
private sale due to the private-sale exemptions law. This
enables people who are not allowed to own firearms to purchase
them a strict gun control law will cover this loophole.
Existing gun control laws do not make confiscation mandatory.
The United States constitution grants a right to have firearms
for self-defense. Licensing and a requirement to understand its
use will lead to a sharp decline in gun violence. There should be
affordable or free safety and licensing classes. Gun control
could also see a reduction of accidental injuries. According to
statistics, accidental shootings in 2010 caused over 600 deaths.
Between 2005 and 2010, over 1300 people below 25 years of
age died as a result of accidental shootings. Gun control could
see prevention of over 30% accidental deaths. This could
include a childproof safety lock and a loading indicator. High
capacity magazines should be banned as they always turn
murder to mass murder. In over 50% of mass shooting, there
was use of high capacity magazines raising the death rate to
63% and the injury rate to a high of 156%. There is also need
for gun control laws that protect women from stalkers and
abusers. In the US there is murder of five women every single
day. There is a 500% risk increase of a woman's murder in the
presence of a gun during a domestic dispute. It is also important
that there is almost zero use of guns for self-defense. Thus the
defense that guns are used for self-defense is null and void.
Licensed guns are often stolen by criminal and used to commit
felonies. An IOM report states that all the guns used in felonies
got into circulation legally. Common sense gun control such as
background checks, banning high-capacity magazines and
banning of assault weapons is supported by majority of adults
gun owners included.
Those against gun control argue that a gun control laws will
lead to the creation of a black market. If one desires to own a
firearm they will. They argue that gun control laws led to the
creation of loop holes for would be legal gun owners to jump to
acquire a gun such as alteration of background information or
stealing of firearms. They claim gun control laws will lead to a
different black market for those who desire guns for self-
defense. Controlling guns could lead to a decrease in incidents
involving guns but criminals will still use alternative weapons
i.e. vehicle attacks, knife attacks and homemade explosives in
the commission of crime. This alternatives cause the same harm
as a firearm and in some cases more damage. They also that in
the United States majority of deaths related to guns are suicidal
nor homicides. They argue that there is need for the
improvement of mental health services access, communal
support and other avenues to help those facing mental ailments.
They further claim that guns are feared by people due to lack of
understanding. They argue that people fear guns not because if
their capabilities, but what they are representative of to a
person. They state that firearms are owned by people for a sport
or as a tool for use and that understanding it and learning its
responsible use, being around it should not be an experience to
be fearful of (Krouse & Library of Congress, 2012). Gun control
opponents are of the opinion that gun violence occurs due to
devaluing the life of humans. They claim that people resort to
violence as a result of emotional reactions. They further state
that guns are used in the establishment of territorial control due
to the feeling that there is less value placed on their lives. They
feel that equality for everyone as enshrined in the US
constitution is what needs to be addressed as opposed to and
individual’s firearm access. Pundits say that gun control
legislations do not hinder crime but gun ownership does. They
argue that assault weapons did not affect the rates of murder
and claim that more deaths were caused by concealed weapons.
They go ahead to state that states which have high gun
ownership rates, have registered the largest drop in violent
crimes. Gun control laws opponents are of the feeling that the
enactment of gun control legislations will deny citizens the
sense of safety and infringe on their right to self-defend
themselves. They claim that the police cannot be there to
protect everybody all the time thus more strict laws will make it
hard for people to protect their families and homes. They argue
that self-defense is a basic right which is a branch of the right
to life thus gun control legislations interfere with law abiding
citizens right to protect themselves against felons. They quote
the constitution in the 37 states "every citizen has a right to
bear arms in self-defense and the state" They claim that a bad
guy with a gun can only be stopped by a good guy with a gun.
They argue that convicted felons admitted they avoided a crime
if they had the knowledge that the victim was armed.
Gun control topic is a divisive and emotive topic. Both
proponents and opponents of the legislation have legitimate
claims. However I believe guns should be controlled as they
have proven to create more violence. We have seen school
children walking into campuses and opening fire on their fellow
students and teachers due to a small disagreement. This is only
possible because of the accessibility of guns. Were this
controlled then there would be a reduction of this and many
more gun related incidents.
Reference
Lee, C. G. (2017). Gun Control in the United States. Santa
Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC.
Krouse, W. J., & Library of Congress. (2012). Gun control
legislation. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service,
Library of Congress.
Krouse, W. J., & Library of Congress. (2005). Gun control
legislation. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service,
Library of Congress.
Running head GUN CONTROL1GUN CONTROL4Gun Control .docx

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Running head LOS ANGELES AND NEW YORK BUDGETARY COMPARISON .docx
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Running head GUN CONTROL1GUN CONTROL4Gun Control .docx

  • 1. Running head: GUN CONTROL 1 GUN CONTROL 4 Gun Control is the Answer: A Research Proposal Student's Name Institutional Affiliation Gun Control is the Answer: A Research Proposal Section 1: What is the topic? The topic for this project is "Gun Control is the Answer". Currently, the number of gun-related homicides and mass shootings are on the rise in the US. One example is the Virginia mass shooting that took place in 2007 after which advocates supported the use of more guns in learning institutions (Siebel, 2008). However, having guns in learning institutions does more harm than good to the students in the event of a surprise attack because the victims cannot use these guns (Schuppe, 2016). For that reason, Gun control is the solution because fewer guns mean fewer deaths. In fact, if the number of guns is reduced, the number of suicide cases arising from such deaths will reduce significantly (Nuwer, 2018).
  • 2. Section 2: What is the controversy? The primary argument brought forth by supporters of gun control is that more guns translate to more violence. In fact, guns increase the risk of violence in campuses where the risk factors are gun theft, surprise attacks, mental issues, drugs and alcohol (Siebel, 2008). If guns were to be introduced in campuses which are safe environments, then these lethal weapons will contribute to the unsafety and unprecedented violence in the learning institutions (Schuppe, 2016). Secondly, guns are useless in the event of a surprise attack because people are not physically or mentally prepared to handle them. Thirdly, fewer guns will reduce the number of gun-related suicides that are on the rise as well as the constant conflicts between police and civilians. For instance, in Australia, the banning of guns has led to a reduction in suicide cases by 80% (Nuwer, 2018). Most importantly, proponents of gun regulation argue that guns are not here to save people because the owner of a gun has 4.5 times probability of dying from the same gun just like the owner of a vehicle is likely to die out of a car accident (Branstetter, 2015). However, opponents of gun control are of the opinion that more guns translate to less violence. First of all, critics of gun control argue that regulation does not deter further incidences of gun-related violence just the same way driving around neighborhoods in police cars does not prevent crime (Goral, 2012). Secondly, critics argue that gun control takes away the defense mechanisms of the victims in the event of a surprise shooting. In fact, bad guys who have evil intentions will still get hold of the guns and when this happens, then citizens cannot protect themselves. For that reason, the citizens will be rendered helpless if the gun control laws and barriers that limit the use of concealed handguns are enacted (Goral, 2012). Most importantly, opponents of guns control argue that carrying a gun is a provision under the second amendment of the Constitution that allows individuals to bear arms (Gregory, Wilson, Park, & Jenkins, 2018). For that reason, gun control
  • 3. infringes on the rights of the citizens to carry these arms as mandated by the Constitution. Section 3: Thesis statement Fewer guns result in less crime. Thus, gun control is the answer to the increased gun-related violence because regulating the use of firearms reduces homicides and suicides in society. References Branstetter, G. (2015, March 31). Why we should ban guns on college campuses. Retrieved from The Daily Dot: https://www.dailydot.com/via/banning-guns-college-campuses- elliot-rodger/ Goral, T. (2012, April). Guns on Campus. University Business, pp. 42-44. Gregory, S., Wilson, C., Park, A., & Jenkins, A. (2018, April 2). What We Can Do to Stop It. Time, pp. 32-35. Nuwer, R. (2018, April 18). What if all guns disappeared? . Retrieved from BBC : http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20180417-what-would-happen- if-all-guns-disappeared Schuppe, J. (2016, October 25). More Guns on Campuses Won't Make People Safer, Researchers Say. Retrieved from NBC News: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/more-guns- campuses-won-t-make-people-safer-researchers-say-n671911 Siebel, B. J. (2008). The Case Against Guns on Campus. Civil Rights law Journal, 18(2), 319-337. Running head: GUN CONTROL 1 GUN CONTROL 6
  • 4. More Guns More Violence: Gun Control is the Answer More Guns More Violence: Gun Control is the Answer Branstetter, G. (2015, March 31). Why we should ban guns on college campuses. Retrieved from The Daily Dot: https://www.dailydot.com/via/banning-guns-college-campuses- elliot-rodger/ This article argues that campus should be the last place that individuals are allowed to carry weapons. What causes gun- related violence? The answer is simply guns. Guns are the lethal weapons that assist criminals in carrying out their killing sprees within and outside the campus. For that reason, a person who owns a gun is likely to die from in the same way a car-owner is likely to die from a car crash. However, some risk factors such as drugs and alcohol contribute to the prevalence of these gun- related shootings since alcohol impairs judgement. According to the Center for Disease Control, a third of the gun homicides involved alcohol and 60% of these victims were intoxicated at the time of the killing. In conclusion, colleges should come up with their own gun control policies because guns do not make people safer. This article is relevant for research because it highlights the need to ban guns especially on campuses. Goral, T. (2012, April). Guns on Campus. University Business, pp. 42-44.
  • 5. This article does not focus on the second amendment that allows citizens to bear arms. Rather, the focus is on the debate on whether students should or should not be allowed to bear arms in colleges. For that reason, this article highlights some of the arguments for and against the use of guns on campuses. First of all, proponents of guns in schools argue that the bad people will still get access to firearms even with gun control measures in place. Moreover, gun control denies victims the right to self-defense. However, opponents of gun-use in campuses argue that since campuses offer safe environments, introducing guns is a recipe for disaster. According to James Kenny an Associate Professor of Fairleigh Dickinson University in New Jersey, people do not have time to use their guns during a rampage shooting. Thus, alternative solutions should be adopted instead of arming people. This article is vital for research because it recognizes that guns do not deter crimes and are in fact a recipe for disaster. Gregory, S., Wilson, C., Park, A., & Jenkins, A. (2018, April 2). What We Can Do to Stop It. Time, pp. 32-35. Gun-related violence is highly prevalent in the US, especially in schools. According to this article, Americans are 25times likely to die from gun homicides than other citizens from developed countries. In 2016, 97gun deaths were reported daily based on The Annals of Internal Medicine report. For that reason, the authors emphasize that gun control should not be perceived as a public battle. Rather, adequate measures should be taken to stop gun violence. Some of the proposed measures are that the minimum purchasing age for a gun should be raised from 18 to 21 and that a license should be given to all gun owners, Gun restraining orders should be issued to unfit individuals and doctors should educate patients about the safety of guns. Most importantly, immunity should be denied to gun owners and manufacturers should be held liable for their products to ensure they make safer products. This article is relevant for research because it supports the need for gun control and proposes solutions to end gun violence.
  • 6. Nuwer, R. (2018, April 18). What if all guns disappeared? . Retrieved from BBC : http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20180417-what-would-happen- if-all-guns-disappeared Fewer guns mean less gun-related deaths. According to this article, approximately 500000 people globally lose their lives annually simply because of gun-related incidences. In the US, citizens own 300 to 350 million guns which increase the gun fatalities to 25 times higher in the US compared to other nations. For that reason, a reduction in the number of guns will decrease the number of deaths experienced in the nation. This article states that if guns disappeared, the number of suicides will also decline an example being in Australia. In fact, the firearms ban in Australia reduced the gun-related homicides by half and suicide rates reduced by 80%. Also, reduction in firearms in the US will translate to a reduction in the violence cases between police officers and the civilians. Most importantly, gun-control will reduce the financial burden that goes towards covering the medical costs of victims involved in gun-related violence. This article is vital for research because it highlights the gains of gain control in the United States. Schuppe, J. (2016, October 25). More Guns on Campuses Won't Make People Safer, Researchers Say. Retrieved from NBC News: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/more-guns- campuses-won-t-make-people-safer-researchers-say-n671911 Mass shootings in colleges are on the rise. Consequently, a heated a debate has emerged as to whether carrying guns in schools helps or hurts the school community. Based on this debate, this article argues that more guns on campuses actually do more harm than good. Having concealed guns or firearms in colleges only raises the risk of gun-related homicides in institutions that are meant to offer a haven for students. According to researchers from Johns Hopkins, most of the mass shootings such as the Virginia Tech in 2007 occur where people carry guns but the majority are not in a position to use these guns in self-defense. For that reason, the argument that people
  • 7. are safer when everybody is carrying guns around is a façade. This article is crucial for research because it emphasizes that laws which allow the right to carry guns and arms in actual sense increase gun-related violence in society. Siebel, B. J. (2008). The Case Against Guns on Campus. Civil Rights law Journal, 18(2), 319-337. When the Virginia Tech Mass Shooting took place on April 16, 2007, supporters of gun use lobbied for more guns on campuses. Be that as it may, Would the students in the once gun-free campuses free safe knowing their fellow students carried guns around with such abandonment? Also, would the parents of these students feel safe in enrolling students in such institutions? The answer is a resounding no. For that reason, this article argues that more guns are not the answer to the horrific mass shootings that are rampant in the American Campuses. Risk factors that increase gun-related violence in schools include drugs and alcohol, mental issues and risks of suicide, gun theft as well as accidental shootings on campus. Most importantly, more guns in campus deny students a safe learning environment for carrying their studies. This article is important for research because it supports the need for gun control since guns increase the risk of gun-related violence on campus. Webster, D., & Daniels, R. (2016, October 16). Allowing guns on campus will invite tragedies, not end them. Retrieved from The Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/allowing-guns-on- campus-will-invite-tragedies-not-end- them/2016/10/21/a1679f9e-8992-11e6-875e- 2c1bfe943b66_story.html?utm_term=.9955807e3eb9 There is a common belief that more guns in campus results to less violence. However, this article argues otherwise and emphasizes that more guns increase gun-related violence in the learning institutions and society at large. Although proponents
  • 8. of the right-to-carry gun laws argue that more guns will deter the prevalent active shootings, this article indicates that when these surprise shootings occur, people are not able to protect themselves. Moreover, even the most trained officers are not able to act in such situations. For that reason, the right to carry gun laws do not deter rampage shootings, especially in campuses. In conclusion, majority of gun related incidences do not arise from active shooting. Rather the presence of firearms is lethal and contribute to increased suicides, disputes and accidental shootings. This article is vital for research because it emphasizes that the presence of guns is a recipe for disaster in society because they increase deaths and accidents. Running Head: Gun Control Gun Control Gun Control is the Answer Name Institution Course Date Instructor Gun Control is the Answer
  • 9. Gun control is the set down policies or laws which regulate the production, sale, possession, transfer, modification or the civilian use of firearms. Many nations have a policy that restricts the use of firearms with a few laws that allow the use. Jurisdictions that permit firearm access have a restriction of the categories of firearms one can access as well as the group of people allowed to access a firearm license. In the United States gun control is legislated at the local state level or federal level. (Lee, 2017) The term gun control is often politicized with those supporting it calling it prevention of gun violence or gun safety or even illegal guns. Purchase of firearms by civilians is allowed by most countries although it is subject to a number of restrictions. The US is different from other countries in their view of the ownership of firearms. The consider owning a firearm a civilian basic right and is more permissive on gun ownership by civilians. Other countries consider ownership by civilians’ privilege and have restrictive legislations concerning firearm possession. The United States has had a history of mass shooting over the years. It is important to acknowledge that most of the shootings were by firearms that were legally purchased, in a period spanning 30 years, 75% of the mass shootings were from legally purchased guns thus through the creation of more restrictive rules on the purchase of guns there will be a decline in mass shooting incidents. Risk of violence increases with easy gun access. The risk of suicide or homicide is higher with having a gun at home. This is regardless of how safely the guns are stored or their number. According to Arthur Kellerman's article in The New England Journal of Medicine, in homes where there is a firearm , the homicide risk is forty times higher compared to homes without firearms as well as a 90 times higher risk of suicide when there is a firearm in a home. Guns are also accessed by people who should not own them. This is because there are no background checks on people purchasing guns on private sale due to the private-sale exemptions law. This enables people who are not allowed to own firearms to purchase
  • 10. them a strict gun control law will cover this loophole. Existing gun control laws do not make confiscation mandatory. The United States constitution grants a right to have firearms for self-defense. Licensing and a requirement to understand its use will lead to a sharp decline in gun violence. There should be affordable or free safety and licensing classes. Gun control could also see a reduction of accidental injuries. According to statistics, accidental shootings in 2010 caused over 600 deaths. Between 2005 and 2010, over 1300 people below 25 years of age died as a result of accidental shootings. Gun control could see prevention of over 30% accidental deaths. This could include a childproof safety lock and a loading indicator. High capacity magazines should be banned as they always turn murder to mass murder. In over 50% of mass shooting, there was use of high capacity magazines raising the death rate to 63% and the injury rate to a high of 156%. There is also need for gun control laws that protect women from stalkers and abusers. In the US there is murder of five women every single day. There is a 500% risk increase of a woman's murder in the presence of a gun during a domestic dispute. It is also important that there is almost zero use of guns for self-defense. Thus the defense that guns are used for self-defense is null and void. Licensed guns are often stolen by criminal and used to commit felonies. An IOM report states that all the guns used in felonies got into circulation legally. Common sense gun control such as background checks, banning high-capacity magazines and banning of assault weapons is supported by majority of adults gun owners included. Those against gun control argue that a gun control laws will lead to the creation of a black market. If one desires to own a firearm they will. They argue that gun control laws led to the creation of loop holes for would be legal gun owners to jump to acquire a gun such as alteration of background information or stealing of firearms. They claim gun control laws will lead to a different black market for those who desire guns for self- defense. Controlling guns could lead to a decrease in incidents
  • 11. involving guns but criminals will still use alternative weapons i.e. vehicle attacks, knife attacks and homemade explosives in the commission of crime. This alternatives cause the same harm as a firearm and in some cases more damage. They also that in the United States majority of deaths related to guns are suicidal nor homicides. They argue that there is need for the improvement of mental health services access, communal support and other avenues to help those facing mental ailments. They further claim that guns are feared by people due to lack of understanding. They argue that people fear guns not because if their capabilities, but what they are representative of to a person. They state that firearms are owned by people for a sport or as a tool for use and that understanding it and learning its responsible use, being around it should not be an experience to be fearful of (Krouse & Library of Congress, 2012). Gun control opponents are of the opinion that gun violence occurs due to devaluing the life of humans. They claim that people resort to violence as a result of emotional reactions. They further state that guns are used in the establishment of territorial control due to the feeling that there is less value placed on their lives. They feel that equality for everyone as enshrined in the US constitution is what needs to be addressed as opposed to and individual’s firearm access. Pundits say that gun control legislations do not hinder crime but gun ownership does. They argue that assault weapons did not affect the rates of murder and claim that more deaths were caused by concealed weapons. They go ahead to state that states which have high gun ownership rates, have registered the largest drop in violent crimes. Gun control laws opponents are of the feeling that the enactment of gun control legislations will deny citizens the sense of safety and infringe on their right to self-defend themselves. They claim that the police cannot be there to protect everybody all the time thus more strict laws will make it hard for people to protect their families and homes. They argue that self-defense is a basic right which is a branch of the right to life thus gun control legislations interfere with law abiding
  • 12. citizens right to protect themselves against felons. They quote the constitution in the 37 states "every citizen has a right to bear arms in self-defense and the state" They claim that a bad guy with a gun can only be stopped by a good guy with a gun. They argue that convicted felons admitted they avoided a crime if they had the knowledge that the victim was armed. Gun control topic is a divisive and emotive topic. Both proponents and opponents of the legislation have legitimate claims. However I believe guns should be controlled as they have proven to create more violence. We have seen school children walking into campuses and opening fire on their fellow students and teachers due to a small disagreement. This is only possible because of the accessibility of guns. Were this controlled then there would be a reduction of this and many more gun related incidents. Reference Lee, C. G. (2017). Gun Control in the United States. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC. Krouse, W. J., & Library of Congress. (2012). Gun control legislation. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Krouse, W. J., & Library of Congress. (2005). Gun control legislation. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress.